The Scythian Israelites: Aryans in Africa and Abroad

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ANCIENT ASSYRIA AND THE ISRAELITE SCYTHIANS

In this particular article we will discuss the history of the “Lost Tribes of Israel” and follow their ancient migrations into every corner of the Earth. After reading this article, you will certainly learn many new things contrary to your current understanding of the ancestral and cultural identity of many different nations of the World. You will also discover that modern historians and academia have either purposely or mistakenly omitted certain historical information from the contemporary academic education curriculum, resulting in a completely different perspective of ancient history. This has resulted in the belief that the ancient Israelites are either “Lost” in history and/or the assertion that the modern Israeli’s are the last remnant of the descendants of the Israelite descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob – both of which are not true.

It is the intention of this article to provide some detailed information and visual images to help you make the connection between the historical record of the Hebrew Israelites (found in the Holy Bible) and secular history. We will discover that the diasporas of the Israelites at different times and for different reason, has left branches of Israelite descendants scattered in every nation. As a result we will discover that the Israelite branch that migrated into African lands have historical relatives across the Eurasian continent and the Americas. The information provided in this article will also provide support for the fact that the descendants of these Israelite founded many of the early civilizations of ancient times and it was because of their many contributions and prolific progeny in all nations of the Earth that they have been lost to history in fulfillment of the crafty council discussed in Psalms 83:1-7.

Hiding the name and history of the Israelites behind the name of the Scythians, among many other names, has made it difficult to connect the dots between biblical records and modern history but after reading this article it should become very apparent that the Word of Bible is completely accurate and the Israelites were definitely scattered throughout all corners of the Earth into every nation and kingdom, just as the Most High God AHAYAH (I AM that I AM, Exodus 3:13-15) said that they would be. Let’s now begin to discover part the history of the ancient Israelites and their associations with the Scythians and Aryans of secular history.

israelite diaspora assyrian captivity

We will soon cover the details of the causes of the diasporas of the Israelites and where they migrated to later in this article but we will briefly discuss it now. Let’s read a brief summary by National Geographic:

Screen Shot 2016-05-17 at 6.17.03 PM

Screen Shot 2016-05-17 at 6.17.37 PM
National Geographic Concise History of the World: An Illustrated Timeline By Neil Kagan, PG 5

During the Assyrian and subsequent captivities of the Israelites, many of them lived as nomads in loose confederations of tent cities. These temporary dwelling of the Israelites (known of Scythians in secular history) were identical to the Succoth temporary dwellings of the ancient Israelites.

Jeremiah's Journey, By J Hand, PG 107
Jeremiah’s Journey, By J Hand, PG 107

tent

israelites were tent succoth dwellers


israelite tabernacles booths succoth

Some historians assert that the Scythians or Scythes/Scuths got their name from the fact that they were nomadic tent-dwellers. Like nomads, they traveled around in their “booths”. The name Scythian goes all the way back to the Hebrew word Succoth. Succoth was a town that the Israelites lived in while in Egypt located in the North East delta region.  The Israelite Feast of Tabernacles is also known as the feast of Succoth.  Succoth means “booth” or “tent”.

Cukkah (sük·kä’) – H5521

• booth (rude or temporary shelter)

• סֻכָּה çukkâh, sook-kaw’; a hut or lair: — booth, cottage, covert, pavilion, tabernacle, tent.

tabernacle booth succoth strong's definition

During the feast of tabernacles the Israelites are instructed to make booths or tents/tabernacles, which are temporary shelters constructed of tree limbs and branches. These huts are to be dwelled in for 7 days during the Feast of Tabernacles to remind the Israelites of all the time they spent in the desert as nomads while the Most High completely provided for them.

Screen Shot 2016-05-17 at 7.27.46 PM
KEY TO NORTHWEST EUROPEAN ORIGINS, By Raymond F. McNair, PG 140
Sketch of a European Scythian dwelling
Sketch of a European Scythian dwelling

hut

Cambodian Palm leaf hut
Cambodian Palm leaf hut
A West African palm hut
A West African palm hut
A Yurt is a Mongolian portable tent dwelling
A Yurt is a Mongolian portable tent dwelling

yurt yurt succoth

The nomadic Israelites were known as a very warlike people and it is the warrior nature of the people that caused the Most High god to label and select a “peaceable multitude” of these warlike people to leave and go forward into a hidden land “were never mankind had dwelled” so that they might once again return to the true worship of their God in a distant land – the New World of the America’s and the Caribbean Islands.

THE WARLIKE ISRAELITE-SCYTHIANS AND THE PEACEABLE MULTITUDE


The warlike nature of the Israelite was renown to all nations of ancient history. They were great warriors and their stiff-necks and stubborn character described in the Bible caused them not only to rebel against their own God, but also against every nation around them. The Israelites were often hired as mercenaries or became leading generals in foreign armies that they served because of their familiarity with the art of War. The Israelites who became known as the Scythians and in Persia as the Parthians also even became rulers of many of the foreign lands they migrated or were once enslaved in and founded many ancient empires as a result of their warrior prowess.

parthian sword on mogao cave painting

An universal history, from the earliest accounts to the present time, By Universal history, PG 154
An UniversalHhistory, from the Earliest Accounts to the Present Time, By Universal history, PG 154
Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics: Mundas-Phrygians, edited by James Hastings, John Alexander Selbie, PG 652
Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics: Mundas-Phrygians, edited by James Hastings, John Alexander Selbie, PG 652

scythian archer60d27f6dgcf1f65cca224&690

the parthian empire map 1

dung huang hunting
A fresco on the ceiling of Cave 249 in Dunhuang China, depicts a [Parthian] horseman using the traditional single curve bow against a lion like creature.
An universal history, from the earliest accounts to the present time, By Universal history, PG 154diaspora map of israelite northern kingdom

Ancient Greece and Rome, PG 812
Ancient Greece and Rome, PG 812

Genghis-Khan mongolian scythian archerprincess monoke scythian archernigger head tobacco archerprincess mononoke archer 2niggerhead tobacco

Noin-Ula burial site depiction of a Xiongnu Mongolian-Scythian archer
Noin-Ula burial site depiction of a Xiongnu Mongolian-Scythian archer

noin-ula burial site depiction of scythians

Ancient Greece and Rome, PG 812
Ancient Greece and Rome, PG 812

princess mononoke archer 3

Ancient Greece and Rome, PG 812
Ancient Greece and Rome, PG 812

scythian group 1 scythian group 2

A Parthian (Iranian) Soldier
A Parthian (Iranian) Soldier. Parthians claim Scythian descent and Scythians were Israelites. The Scythians and Persian also referred to themselves as Arya/Aryan

parthian calvary parthians scythians mongolians quotemongolian horde kublai khanblack mongolians kara khitan black tartars

The warlike nature of the Israelites, who became known as the Scythians (among many other bywords, i.e. Parthians, Mongolians, Kara-Khitans, etc.), can be greatly attributed to their worship of Baal. The descendants of the Northern Tribes of Israel began the worship of Baal introduced during King Solomon’s reign and officially adopted it during the subsequent reign of Jeroboam, and they never departed from it.

“And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.” – 2 Kings 15:28

jeroboam's idolatry

For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin.” – 2 Kings 17:21


And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the Lord their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.  And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:

tel dan high place
High Place of Jeroboam (Temple and Altar Area). “Shortly after Jeroboam had successfully claimed Israel (north), leaving the son of Solomon, Rehoboam, only with Judah (south), Jeroboam made Dan a religious destination. In order to dissuade the people of Israel from going to Jerusalem to worship, Jeroboam created two counterfeit places of worship, installing golden calf idols at each. To go with this new system of worship, and adulterated priesthood and multiple high places, such as those of the pagan nations, were installed throughout the land.”

And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the Lord carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger: For they served idols, whereof the Lord had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing.

god hates idolatry no-other-gods

Yet the Lord testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the Lord their God. And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the Lord had charged them, that they should not do like them.

And they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.

jeroboam's idolatry 2

And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger.

moloch child sacrifice
The ancient worship of Moloch included child sacrifice.
moloch child sacrifice planned parenthood bill and melinda gates
Modern child sacrifice by way of abortion services are provided by Planned Parenthood in the U.S.A.

Therefore the Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. Also Judah kept not the commandments of the Lord their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. And the Lord rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.” – 2 Kings 17:9-21

Assyrians Captivity map
The Israelites were removed out of “the sight” of the Lord, which is his Holy Land. The “spoilers” to who the Lord delivered the Israelites for their sins were the nations surrounding Israel. After being taken captive by these surrounding enemy nations, the Israelites became known as the Khumri, Cimmerians and Scythians (among many other names). The Israelites dispersed themselves across the whole earth under these different names and carried the idolatrous worship of Baal into all the places they went.

from samaria to assyria to the east

Baal is a god of war and his worshippers adopted the attributes of that god.

BAAL THE GOD OF WAR

baal god of war baal samurai samaria sundiata keita molech jahbulon baal

The Israelites reached the height of their worship of the god Baal in the land of Canaan during the last half of the reign of Solomon, which caused the United Kingdom of Israel to be divided into two parts.

“And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph. And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:

And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father.

Ashtoreth Ishtar Astarte Easter Ashtoreth goddess of fertility also known as EasterSamael, the patron god of Rome, and Lilith his consort are the same as Baal/Moloch and Ashtoreth, the gods who the Israelites fell toMoloch Molech Baal Ishtar Astarte Lilith Athena Owl Bohemian Grove Moloch chemosh Cherish, god of the Moabites and Ammonitesigbo-masquerade baal worship

Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant’s sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes: But I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes. And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there. And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel.” – 1 Kings 11:28-37

The division of the nation of Israel into the northern 10 tribes of the House of Israel and the southern 2 tribes of the House of Judah was primarily based up which tribes preferred most to worship the god Baal rather than the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, I AM That I AM, worshipped in Jersusalem. As a result of this division and the preference of the northern tribes of Israel of worshipping Baal, these 10 tribes we removed from their own land into central Asian territory under the control of the ancient Assyrians and the Persians/Medians. These Israelites who had long practiced paganism in their homeland, brought those same pagan worships of Baalim along with them into the lands of their captivities as well as the subsequent lands they travelled two, either out of free-will, trade, and conquest or because of servitudes and enslavement.

The Sunday Magazine for Family Reading, Volume 1, PG 181
The Sunday Magazine for Family Reading, Volume 1, PG 181

Whatever the case, the pagan worships adopted by the Israelites prior to their captivity in Assyria and Persia greatly contributed to the warlike nature that the Israelite-Scythians of Central Asia were renown for.

There was, however, a peaceable multitude amongst these warrior Israelite-Scythian mercenary nomads, who decided to escape from Central Asian territories by way of the Euphrates River to a distant and hidden country where they might begin to worship the true God of their ancestors again. The journey of this peaceable portion of the warlike pagan “10 Lost Tribes of Israel” is found in biblical account of 2 Esdras 13.

The Israelites originally from the Northern Kingdom of Israel that remained in Central Asian territories eventually migrated into all the Kingdoms of the Old World, from Far East Asia to Western Europe and even deep into Sub-Saharan Africa.

migration-10-tribes

It should be noted that, although many of these warlike Israelite-Scythians migrated further east beyond the Euphrates, there was a “peaceable” portion that travelled by ship on the Euphrates River into the Persian Gulf. The book of 2 Esdras chapter 13 found in the Biblical record known as the Apocrypha records the journey of the “peaceable multitude” of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, who became known as the Scythians, into the Persian Gulf and into the Americas and Caribbean (the New World) which was referred to as Arsareth. The following video will provide a brief history of the Northern Tribes and their migration from the Euphrates River of Mesopotamia to the countries of the New World in the western hemisphere.

Indigenous People of the Americas & Caribbean are Descendants of Israelites who Migrated from Assyria, Iraq & Persian Iran



Euphrates River location
The Israelite Scythians/Aryans not only had a peaceable branch that sailed to the Americas and Caribbean but they also became an immense multitude beyond the river Euphrates. Until this day they have many descendants living among the populations found in the Middle and Far East, from Iran and India into China, Korea and Japan.

ancient mesopotamiaIsraelite migrations into Asia after Assyrian captivity

DANIEL IN BABYLON AND THE SCYTHIAN-ISRAELITES


The biblical figure Daniel was also aware of the Israelite-Scythians scattered throughout the world. We can be certain of this through the information that we find in the scriptures biblical record, along with a small understanding of geography. After the Assyrian captivity and diaspora of the House of Israel (the Northern Kingdom) the Babylonians came and to the House of Judah (the Southern Kingdom), which included Daniel many other prophets, into captivity as well. Scholars have dated Daniel’s life from 621 B.C. to 533 B.C., his captivity in Babylon beginning in 605 B.C. at age 16.  After interpreting the prophesy of the writing on the wall for the son of King Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, Daniel lived to see the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 B.C. under the leadership of Cyrus when Daniel was 82 years of age.

Persian Empire map Cyrus Assyrian captivity routes map

“Daniel the Prophet… was probably born in Jerusalem and was one of the noble young captives first carried into captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar. He was educated by order of the king and soon rose to great favor and was chosen to stand before the king in one of the highest government positions under the Chaldean, Median and Persian dynasties. He lived through the whole period of the captivity and probably died in Babylon.” – Bible Hub

New Babylonian Empire Cyrus' Persian Kingdom persian_empire_darius_map

The importance of reviewing Daniel and the geography of that time period is to better understand geo-political setting when we read the record of Daniel during his captivity in the Neo-Babylonian & Persian Empires. Again, we can be certain that Daniel was aware of the presence ofzzthe Israelites scattered around the world, identified by secular historians as ‘Scythians’, by Daniel quote:

“O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.” – Daniel 9:7

Daniel was fully aware of the Israelites that were near to him in Babylon as well as those in the Babylonian/Persian Empire’s many provinces far off.  Many of those Israelite fall under the identification of Scythians, which was an umbrella term used to identify different nomadic peoples, both within and outside of the ruling empires. Again, many of these nomadic peoples identified as branches of Scythians were related to the Israelites (although some were not).

persian empire ca 500 BC

darius map 490 BC
Notice the Scythians (Scyths) in the territories outside of the highlighted Persian Empire under Darius. Also notice that Thrace and part of Macedonia (highlighted in orange in the map above) were included in the territory of the Persian Empire.
Edinburgh Review, Or, Critical Journal, Volume 3, PG 430
Edinburgh Review, Or, Critical Journal, Volume 3, PG 430

empire_of_darius persian empire Map_Greco-Persian_Wars-en.svgscythian map

It should also be understood that the Scythian-Israelites have very close connections with ancient Assyria/Syria. As stated earlier, it was the Assyrians who removed the Israelites from their homeland and placed them in certain locations within the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Median territories. These Israelites became known as Scythians (among many other names) who were a very warlike nation. The image above of a man named Konon, is identified as a man of Macedonian royalty who came to authority in Syria as well. Notice his appearance and his style of dress and compare it to the image below of ancient Assyrians who wear the conical hat.

assyrian konon macedonian aristocracy in syria tribe of dan
From LFT to RT: An Assyrian soldier, Konon Macedonia & Assyria aristocrat, a depiction of a Scythian

Daniel, having risen to one of the highest government positions, under both the Babylonian and Persian empires, was aware of the peoples that comprised the different territories under the jurisdiction of both empires and thus he was also fully aware of the locations of his people, the scattered Hebrew Israelites.

Further evidence of the Biblical awareness of the Scythian-Israelite presence can be found the records of another Israelite prophet contemporary with Daniel; the prophet Jeremiah.

In his record, Jeremiah is instructed to proclaim towards the North, to backsliding Israel (the 10 Northern tribes) that the out to return to the ways of their God so that he can bring them back to their homeland. Initially, it may seem obvious that Jeremiah was speaking to the area directly North of the Kingdom of Judah, which is the northern Kingdom of Israel.

Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, thou backsliding Israel, saith the Lord; and I will not cause mine anger to fall upon you: for I am merciful, saith the Lord, and I will not keep anger for ever. Only acknowledge thine iniquity, that thou hast transgressed against the Lord thy God, and hast scattered thy ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed my voice, saith the Lord. Turn, O backsliding children, saith the Lord; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:” – Jeremiah 3:12-14

However, if we understand that the House of Israel was removed from their land many years prior to the time of the prophet Jeremiah, then it is certain that Jeremiah was talking about another area North of Israel that contained a population of Israelites from the house of Israel.  If you were to draw a line north from Palestine/Israel on the map below you will arrive to the region of Black Sea, an area populated by a people known as the Sacae/Scythians.

scythia

Interestingly enough, the ancient inhabitants of this region have very close associations with the ancient Israelites. The area of the Black Sea region is also comprised of an area known as the Balkans. The Balkans is a peninsula and cultural region that takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch from the east of modern Serbia unto the Black Sea at the east of Bulgaria.

KEY TO NORTHWEST EUROPEAN ORIGINS, By Raymond F. McNair, PG 143
KEY TO NORTHWEST EUROPEAN ORIGINS, By Raymond F. McNair, PG 143
the balkans
The Balkans
List of countries included in the Balkans region
“According to Britannica the Balkans are usually composed of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, while Greece and Turkey are often included (depending on the definition)…” – Balkans, Wikipedia

The Balkans were not only an ancient territory that hosted scattered Israelites but it was also an area that became part of the Achaemenid Empire, of which the prophet Daniel was a high ranking advisor of.

The Achaemenid Persian Empire incorporated parts of the Balkans comprising Macedonia, Thrace, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea coastal region of Romania between the late 6th and the first half of the 5th-century BC into its territories.” – Balkans, Wikipedia

medo-persian-empire

“Under his [Cyrus the Great’s] successors, the empire eventually stretched from parts of the Balkans (Bulgaria-Pannonia) and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.” – Cyrus the Great, Wikipedia

We know that Israelites (particularly the House of Judah) were captive in the Babylonian and Medo-Persian empires of the classical times so it should not be difficult to understand that branches of different Israelite tribes could be scattered in the territories within their empires as well as outside of their borders.

scythia-parthia_100_BC

Other ancient historians were also aware of the Israelites scattered presence throughout the world. According to the learned Christian priest of the 4th century AD, Saint Jerome, The ten tribes of the northern Kingdom of Israel were subject to the Parthian’s and that they lives in the cities and mountains of the Medes/Persians. A quote by Josephus, in his book Antiquities of the Jews, supports the history of Saint Jerome as Josephus states that the ten tribes of Israel were to be found beyond the Euphrates River (in the land of Iran and further eastward) as an ‘immense multitude not to be estimated by numbers’.

The Journal of sacred literature, edited by John Kitto, PG 203
The Journal of sacred literature, edited by John Kitto, PG 203

map of persian empire

It is this information, along with the historical support of the Bible, that allow us to come to the conclusion that the Israelite Scythians were part of the Iranian (Aryan) Empire which had taken the Israelite Scythians in to India and further into the Far East.

Map_Indo_Aryanbrahmin Scythian Aryan Kingdom in Northern India including Baluchistan, Afghanistanaryan scythian israelite buddhist hindu fire worshippers india brahmin jews

THE SCYTHIANS HAD REACHED INDIA AND EVEN FURTHER


The Scythian’s travelled as far East as Korea and Japan and as far west as the modern United Kingdom. In fact, many archaeological evidences exist to support the conclusion that the Scythian’s culture was spread across the whole of the Old World; from Europe to Asia. We will discuss and view a few supporting evidences.

In regards to the Balkans Black Sea area that was within the territory of the Achaemenid Persian Empire that we were previously discussing and it’s relation to this vast Scythian territory I have just mentioned, I’ve found some artifacts that help to connect the Balkans (modern Bulgaria-Pannonia) region with Korea as well as many other places.

In a particular documentary in Korea, an effort was made to associate some ancient Korean Silla Dynasty (57 BC to 935 AD) artifacts with the ancient Thracian peoples.

Korean Silla Sword from Scythia Korea Silla sword 2

The Ornamented Sword from Gyerim-ro, Gyeongju Silla tomb, was found in Korea
The Ornamented Sword from Gyerim-ro, Gyeongju Silla tomb, was found in Korea

 

The craftsmanship and designs of the Korean sword are very similar to those found on many artifacts in Thracia.

Thracian, origin of Korean Silla Sword
It should be known that the Thracians had a very intimate relationship with the Scythians that migrated into Thracia from both Turkey/Anatolia/Asia Minor and from the region north of the Black Sea known as Scythia

Scythian migration map from Turkey/Anatolia to Eastern Europedariel pass

Irish Pedigrees: Or, The Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation, Volume 2, PG 609
Irish Pedigrees: Or, The Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation, Volume 2, PG 609

 The Aryans were the Scythians 1-42 Scythia to Thracia

Besides the sword, another artifact helped connect both the Korean and Thracian artifacts to the Scythian peoples—The triskelion symbol.

Silla Sword sam taeguk triskelion sam taeguk sam taeguk symbol korean scythian

The design of the sword, it’s symbols and other artifacts found in the ancient Korean tomb has led many Korean scholars to wonder if Korea’s Silla kingdom has origins in Central Asia by way of the Scythians.

Are Silla Kingdoms Royal roots in Central Asia?

Are Silla Kingdoms Royal roots in Central Asia?
Are Silla Kingdoms Royal roots in Central Asia?

Silva's Royal roots in Central Asia

Scythian also wore Central Asian styled turbans
At the Gwoereung Tomb there are four stone statues of humans. One is of a military man, Seokinsang, who is clenching his right hand into a fist and holding a club in his left hand. He wears a Middle [Central] Asian style turban on his head. Compare the Turban on the Seokinsang statue ABOVE to the Turban of Enshi Tusi Imperial City, Hubei, China’s statue of a Miao/Hmong, BELOW.

enshi tusi imperial city hubei china

black mongols kara qara khitan black huns scythians
Another example Scythians/Mongols wearing the Central Asian style turban strikingly similar to the statue of Seokinsang, one of the guardians of the Korean Gwoereung Tomb.

moorish jews black jews black moorish central asians mongols whitens seokinsang statutes with central asian turban

The true identity of the Scythians of Central Asia seem to be the key to the mystery concerning the connection between Korea and ancient Thracia in the Black Sea/Balkans of Eastern Europe.

thracian and silla korean triskelion thracian and korean whirlpool pattern

The triskelion symbol found on the Korean sword and Thracian artifacts helps us to trace the Scythian presence all over the world which also provides yet another support for the histories of Josephus and Saint Jerome that both agree that many of the Israelite tribes had wandered beyond the Euphrates River into the Far East.

From Palestine to India and China
From Palestine to India and China
diaspora of 10 lost tribes from central asia scythians khumri omri cimmerians kimmerians map
The 10 tribes of Israel migrated to Central Asia after the Assyrian captivity. There they became known as the Scythians and travelled from western Europe to Japan, establishing colonies in every territory in between.

water and caravan routes route from through china into korea and japan silk route from israel samaria and jerusalem into far east

From Samaria to Japan
From Samaria to Japan

The triskelion symbol and craftsmanship of the artifacts also provides support of the Near-East/Western Asian origins of the Israelites Scythians and their influence from the most distant western lands to the Far East. According to an article on, “the internet portal that represents the voice of the Korean government and which promotes Korea online,” Korea.net says that:

silla thracian whirlpool triskele symbolGyeongju_silla_dagger

“A gold dagger and scabbard were discovered at the Gyerim-ro Tomb, decorated with various jewels. These works show a style that was popular in ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt and across Western Asia.”

Dispersion of Israelites into African, Asia and Europe
After the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities the Israelite were scattered into all corners of the Earth from Central Asia and they travelled on horseback, being known to modern history as Scythians, taking their customs into all the areas they travelled.

Moreover, other artifacts found in the same tomb, as the Korean ornamental sword marked with the triskelion symbol, have also been agreed to be associated to the Scythians. In speaking of the crowns found inside the tomb, the Houston Museum of Fine Arts, in it’s book, Treasures From the National Museum of Korea, said that:

silla crown silla-gold-crowns scythian artifacts LAeeum_crowns_L1_0411

silla korea's golden kingdom
Scholars think even Xianbei and Silla was another Scythian related people which is also related to Xiongnu or Hunnic people in steppe country.

Xiongnu

The similarity in the designs of the gold crowns of Korea’s Silla Kingdom in comparison to the designs of other golden crowns found in Central Asia’s steppe region and Eastern Europe can be attributed to the ancient Scythians. According to The Cambridge Ancient History, the Scythians were very good craftsman and excellent goldsmiths.

cambridge history

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, PG 142
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, PG 142

 

scythians eurasia
Here is five different Golden crowns of Asia. From far LFT: Russia (Sarmat-Scythia), Afghanistan (Tillya Tepe – Scythia), Kazakhstan (Saka-Scythia), Inner Mongolia (Xianbei), Korea (Silla).

The Korea Newsreview, Volume 20 of 1991 published by the Korean Herald also held the same view reflected in their comparison of,

A Scythian gold crown which is similar in style to ancient Korean crowns from the Silla Kingdom.”

cheonma_hat korean artifacts show sophistication of nomadic scythians Korean Gogok symbol- Ancient-Crimean

Scythian treasure from the from the exhibition, The Crimea - Gold and secrets of the Black Sea
Scythian treasure from the from the exhibition, The Crimea – Gold and secrets of the Black Sea
panagyurishte-treasure
The skillfully decorated Panagyurishte Treasure of Thracia provides us some example of what the mixed group of Scythians and their craftsmanship looked like.

scythian golden ornaments Phiale Panagyurishte treasure negro black head scythians

This style of metal-working and craftsmanship was made popular by the Israelite Scythians who wandered into all of the aforementioned regions of the world. In fact, if we follow the triskelion symbol we can also follow the trails of Israel’s wanderings.

israelite wanderings map  The Book of Celtic Magic: Transformative Teachings from the Cauldron of Awen, By Kristoffer Hughes heaven earth underworldtrinity lines heave earth underworld division

The Book of Celtic Magic: Transformative Teachings from the Cauldron of Awen, By Kristoffer Hughes
The Book of Celtic Magic: Transformative Teachings from the Cauldron of Awen, By Kristoffer Hughes
Triskele-Symbol
TheTriskele or Triskelion

triskeles

The triskelion symbol is found throughout the extent of the Old World; from the Far-East to the British Isles.

different trickles

Another form of the triskelion symbol, known as the three hares, can be found throughout Europe, the Near-East and the Far-East.

hares_by_dashinvaine
“The [triskelion] iconography spread along the Silk Road, and was a symbol associated with Buddhism.”
The Origin of Pagan Idolatry Ascertained from Historical Testimony, Volume 2, By George Stanley Faber, PG 360
The Origin of Pagan Idolatry Ascertained from Historical Testimony, Volume 2, By George Stanley Faber, PG 360

map showing the spread of the three hares symbol three hares trickle

The appearance of the three hares symbol and the triskelion/triquetra in various locations across the Eurasian continent help us to also make associations between the ancient Celts and the Buddhist. According to some researchers, the triskelion icon was a symbol of meditation to both Buddhist and Druids

triple magatama japanese triskele

“The triskele or triskelion symbol, which resembles three commas or teardrop shaped beads chasing one another round a circle, is a Buddhist meditational symbol that represents the three aspects of Dependent Relationship which give existence to all functioning things… In the three hares/rabbits triskelion, the aspect of motion is especially apparent, emphasising that all phenomena arise from the three dependencies and are thus inevitably impermanent and devoid of any essence.” – Transcultural Buddhism, Celtic and Buddhist Symbolism: Triskelions, Triskeles

legend-of-the-three-hares three hares triskele triskelion symbol in buddhist cave

Triple hare frescoes from the ceiling of Mogao Cave 407, Dunhuang, Gansu Province, China
Triple hare frescoes from the ceiling of Mogao Cave 407, Dunhuang, Gansu Province, China, during the during the Sui Dynasty (581-618 AD)
thracian and buddhist triskele triskelion
The Scythian artifact with triskelion symbol in the center (ABOVE LFT) is similar to the Triple Hair Symbol found in the Mogao Caves of Dunhuang, China (ABOVE RIGHT) as well as the Panagyurishte treasure of Thracia (BELOW).
phiale-lamsak1
The dispersion of the triskelion/triple hare symbol across Europe and Asia appears to have been the result of the migrations of the Scythians

Panagyurishte thracian black scythian treasure thracian triskele triskelion negro moors headAnonymous German Artist Reliquary Bust of a Young Black Saint

Torque_de_Santa_Tegra
Triskelion and spirals on a Galician torc terminal (Museu do castro de Santa Tegra).

 

“The triskelion/magatama symbol is also a common feature of Celtic sacred art such as stone carvings, enamel ornaments, book illumination and knotwork…

knot work triskeleconical hats bearing triskelion symbol

triskelions
LFT: Central triskelion surrounded by three triskelions on Celtic enamel ornament from Derbyshire, CENTER: Silver object from Saint Ninian’s Isle Treasure, Shetland, RT: Irish metalwork showing interleaved triskelions, second century A.D.

… This metaphysical symbol is probably the ‘Caer Sidin’ which was the object of meditation by the Druidic bard Taliesin, as he explains in this verse:

scottish sculptured stone
The Caer Sidin, or Circle of Sidon, is strongly associated with the triskele/triskelion symbol and the Phoenician/Scythians
The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, Ascertained by National Documents; and Compared with the General Traditions and Customs of Heathenism, As Illustrated by the Most Eminent Antiquaries of Our Age, By Edward Davies, PG 296
The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, Ascertained by National Documents; and Compared with the General Traditions and Customs of Heathenism, As Illustrated by the Most Eminent Antiquaries of Our Age, By Edward Davies, PG 296
triskelion
Triphilliom

According to the article by John Michael Greer, the ‘three elements’ of Druid metaphysics to which Taliesin refers are known in old Welsh as Gwyar (change, causality), Calas (structure) and Nwyfre (consciousness).” – Transcultural Buddhism, Celtic and Buddhist Symbolism: triskelions, triskeles

serpent triskele egyptian kundalini spirit channeling through the 3rd eye minds eyeserpent triskele 2Wheel-of-Time_small the three pillars kabbalah masonic three pillars warrior on the block

A further analysis of the previously quoted poem by the Brythonic poet Taliesin allows us to begin to make an association between the Celtic-Buddhist triskelion symbol and the ancient Near-Eastern region from which some of the Israelite-Scythians migrated into Africa from. The name used in the poem to refer to the three-element circle of Druidic meditation, the ‘Circle of Sidin/Caer Sidin, leads us to ancient Phoenicia.’

circle of heaven constellations mazzaroth caer circle of sidon siding

The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, Ascertained by National Documents; and Compared with the General Traditions and Customs of Heathenism, As Illustrated by the Most Eminent Antiquaries of Our Age, By Edward Davies, PG 296
The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, Ascertained by National Documents; and Compared with the General Traditions and Customs of Heathenism, As Illustrated by the Most Eminent Antiquaries of Our Age, By Edward Davies, PG 296

caer sidin sidon 2 pagan circle pagan circle 2 ouroboros_salomon

Iambic Poetics in the Roman Empire, By Tom Hawkins
Iambic Poetics in the Roman Empire, By Tom Hawkins

“The Ouroboros represents in Hinduism an animal halo often in the form of a snake or lizard god or goddess… This god is often represented within a circle. This circle represents the circular nature of the universe and time: death-rebirth, creation-destruction, love-hate, spring-winter; the eternal dance of the cosmos.” – Ouroboros, Wikipedia

zodiac circle of heads or rulers mazzaroth kosmokratores chinese-yin-yang-summer-solstice south-korea-flag-yin-yang-blue-red

The Scripture Gazetteer, Volume 1, By William Fleming, PG 245
The Scripture Gazetteer, Volume 1, By William Fleming, PG 245

The Circle of Sidin is considered to be the circle of the zodiac, known to the ancient Hebrew Israelites as the Mazzaroth H4216 (Job 38:32), could represent the three elements of Sun, Moon, and Stars or Sun, Moon and Earth.

sun moon star worship

Trefoil 3
The Trefoil symbol ABOVE reconnects to Korea. The Trefoil ring pommel of an iron Korean straight sword BELOW.

korean sword trefoil korean sword trefoil 2 ring_sword-1trefoil 2

sun moon star trefoil
Sun, Moon & Stars (luminaries of the celestial circle)

trefoil trinity sun moon star luminary worship symbol earth-sun-moon-milky_way

The Inner Temple of Witchcraft: Magick, Meditation, and Psychic Development, By Christopher Penczak
The Inner Temple of Witchcraft: Magick, Meditation, and Psychic Development, By Christopher Penczak
ulysse-nardin-tellurium-johannes-kepler-reference
The hour and minute hands of the watch/clock represent the Sun and Moon respectively while the second hand can be thought to represent the infinite stars of the Great Circle of Heaven that rotates above the circle of earth, influencing all life upon it.
hublot antikythera sun moon and stars watch chronometer
The Hublot Neo-Antikythera watch is another example of an earth centered cosmos being encircled by the Circle of Sidin’s three elements of Sun, Moon & Stars.

sun moon and stars trinity revolve around earth

celtic_wheel_cross_variation_-triskelion-moon-sun-eternal_connections_fb404529
The Circle of Sidin/Caer Sidin

The luminary worship of Sun, Moon, and Stars above the Earth inferred by the triskelion symbol and the name ‘Sidin’ in the “Circle of Sidin/Caer Sidin” both recall the ancient Phoenicians and their city Sidon.

A Classical Dictionary, By Charles ANTHON (LL.D.), PG 1235

A Classical Dictionary, By Charles ANTHON (LL.D.), PG 1235
A Classical Dictionary, By Charles ANTHON (LL.D.), PG 1235
Sarmatian, Western Asia or Iran 1st century ad
Scythian/Sarmatian, Triskelion coin of Western Asia or Iran 1st century AD

Rivers of Life, By J.G. R. Forlong, PG 332

Rivers of Life, By J.G. R. Forlong, PG 332
Rivers of Life, By J.G. R. Forlong, PG 332

Combined_flag_of_the_Celtic_nations high places of pagan worshipFurther confirmation of the assertion that the Caer Sidin/Circle of Sidin triskelion symbol of three elements could represent the Great Circle of the Zodiac in relation to the luminary worship of the Near-East can be found upon the study of the Assyro-Phoenician religion. In regards to the Phoenicians we find that:

Palestine and Syria: Handbook for Travellers, By Albert Socin, Immanuel Benzinger, PG 270
Palestine and Syria: Handbook for Travellers, By Albert Socin, Immanuel Benzinger, PG 270

triskele 4

In speaking of the Phoenician town Sidon and its relation to the Circle of Sidin triskelion, we can find strong support for the association between the Celtic triskelion/triquetra and the Buddhist three-hares symbol when we review the observations of the scholar and Druid priest Godfrey Higgins. According to his research compiled in his book Anacalypsis, Higgins stated that the Buddhist were actually black Jews (Israelites) from India, having Sidon as their capital, that traveled across the whole world and established Stonehenge, the great druidic temple, as a monument to the black Buddhist god.

jdharma_wheel
Buddhist Dharma Wheel
The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250
The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250

Map_Bactria-&-India-50BC_bigmap of central asia and india around 50 BC

Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine, edited by Bret Harte, PG 335
Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine, edited by Bret Harte, PG 335

black buddha dunhuang cave

Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 413-414
Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 413-414

asia_minor_63_bc

The Hebrew Or Iberian Race: Including the Pelasgians, the Phenicians, the Jews, the British and Others, By Henry Kilgour, PG 10
The Hebrew Or Iberian Race: Including the Pelasgians, the Phenicians, the Jews, the British and Others, By Henry Kilgour, PG 10

Ancient Israelites Jews settlements in asia minorasia minor north of israel

Dictionary of the Holy Bible, By Augustin Calmet, PG 487
Dictionary of the Holy Bible, By Augustin Calmet, PG 487

asia minor godfrey higgins author of anacalypsis referenced by madame helena petrovna blavatsky sir-godfrey-higgins-anapocalypsis-pg-52 sidon godfrey higgins anacalypsis black empire of asia seated at sidon

SIDON_badge-1-

sidon in lebanonsyria_israel_map

Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 351
Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 351

SIDON_badge-1-

phoenicia and its colonies

ancient palestine israel, phoenicia and syriaThe Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345pheniciens

The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345
The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345

“And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.” – Revelations 12:14

dire lange map of yoruba migration from assyria near east to west after through egypt according to oyo yoruba tradition

Dictionary of the Holy Bible, By Augustin Calmet, PG 487
Dictionary of the Holy Bible, By Augustin Calmet, PG 487

phoenicia

A Dictionary of the Bible: Kabzeel-Red-heifer, edited by Sir William Smith, PG 866
A Dictionary of the Bible: Kabzeel-Red-heifer, edited by Sir William Smith, PG 866

And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites: And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.” – Judges 3:5-6

“Son of man, cause Jerusalem to know her abominations, And say, Thus saith the Lord God unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of Canaan; thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.” – Ezekiel 16:2-3

Phoenicia_Colonization_map

Great Britain's Rank Among the Nations, By R N. Adams, PG 153
Great Britain’s Rank Among the Nations, By R N. Adams, PG 153
SklarczykPoland-1300-PhoenicianMerchantShip-1-25-65-SMalecki.jpg~original
Phoenician merchant ship, designed by Stefan Malecki, and issued on January 25, 1965, Scott No. 1300

map of phoenician world pottery_4 strabo-phoenicians phoenician colonies the phoenicians

The original Phoenicians were a dark skinned people and the term ‘Punic,’ derived from ‘Poenicus,’ was used to describe the inhabitants of North African Phoenician colonies.

world history volume 1 pg 294 punic poenicus means darkskin or phoenicians
The Phoenicians were dark skinned
The Phoenicians and Israelites
Israelites were among the Phoenicians/Carthaginians and were also dark skinned or ‘Poenicus’/Punic

Phoenicia Punic Carthaginian colonization area map

Phoenicians their lands and trade routes

The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 163, PG 43
The Gentleman’s Magazine, Volume 163, PG 43

Stonehenge Stonehenge1

Stonehenge and Its Barrows, By William Long, PG 96
Stonehenge and Its Barrows, By William Long, PG 96

israelite scythians buddha The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, edited by Sir David Brewster, PG 153

The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, edited by Sir David Brewster, PG 153
The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, edited by Sir David Brewster, PG 153

druid trinity buddhism druid trinity

According to the English historian and antiquarian:

godfrey higgins

Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 173
Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 173

UgieEwereCelebrations Black Druids black druid wizards Yemen - High hat, Yemen © Eric LafforgueThe-Four-Gold-Hatsyoruba oba ruler king compared to golden berlin hatnigerian yoruba scythians phoenicians druids berlin golden hats druids were priest from india connected to buddhism black buddhist phoenicians phenicians

The Sunday Magazine for Family Reading, Volume 1, PG 181-182
The Sunday Magazine for Family Reading, Volume 1, PG 181-182

phoenicia to britain scotland ireland map The Banner of Israel, Volume 17, Pg 426

The Banner of Israel, Volume 17, Pg 426
The Banner of Israel, Volume 17, Pg 426

Black Buddha and the Israelite Buddhists stonehenge celtic druids emigrated from india by gadfly higgins

Descriptions of Cairns, Cromlechs, Kistvaens, and Other Celtic, Druidical, o Scythian Monuments in the Dekhan, By Meadows Taylor, PG 362
Descriptions of Cairns, Cromlechs, Kistvaens, and Other Celtic, Druidical, o Scythian Monuments in the Dekhan, By Meadows Taylor, PG 362

scythian archer

A new edition of Toland's History of the Druids, By R. Huddleston, PG 433
A New Edition of Toland’s History of the Druids, By R. Huddleston, PG 433

We can find even more evidence in support of the relation between the Celts and Scythians when we examine certain archaeological discoveries. These archaeological discoveries also support the previous quotes taken from the research of scholars that also associated the Buddhist Israelite-Scythians to the Celts/Druids.

celts and scythians linked celts scythians 1 celto-scythians Celts Scythians Migration map celts scythians 2 celts scythians 3 Celts Scythians european territory

We will also discover clear associations between the Celts, Scythians, and the Thracians of the Black Sea area that were spoken of in the Korean documentary video. The previous article also mentioned the vast trade network and interaction between Celts and Scythians. This interaction between distant groups across Europe and Asia was made possible by the Scythians special breed of horses (known as the ‘Heavenly/Flying Horses’) of Central Asia.

1252px-tang_dynasty_2_horses_1_rider
Chinese depiction of a “Western Barbarian” with two Ferghana “Heavenly Horses” (one of China’s earliest imported goods)Chinese depiction of a “Western Barbarian” with two Ferghana “Heavenly Horses” (one of China’s earliest imported goods)

celts scythians 3 chinese-tang-horse-repaired CeltsMap

Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 386
Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 386
hallstatt art
Compare the Hallstatt Celto-Scythian memes of triskelion to Korean, Japanese and Chinese triskelion and tomoe symbols.

1200bc Celts hallstatt culture celt map

thracians mongols
The Thracians were similar to the Mongols, the proto-Bulgarians and the Tartars, who were excellent at keeping horses.
asclepion-pernik-3
Marble votive tablet of a Thracian horseman

black mongols huns scythians

black uighur chieftain tang dynasty 660 CE
Black Uighur chieftain Tang dynasty 660 CE
Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, by David MacRitchie, PG 34
Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, by David MacRitchie, PG 34

migrations of israelites into europe as scythians cimmerians black mongols khitans turks

A System of Ancient and Mediaeval Geography for the Use of Schools and Colleges, By Charles Anthon, PG 707
A System of Ancient and Mediaeval Geography for the Use of Schools and Colleges, By Charles Anthon, PG 707
Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, by David MacRitchie, PG 35
Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, by David MacRitchie, PG 35

black gypsy romanies albanians

A Melville Encyclopedia A-Loom - by Kathleen E. Kier Pg 491
A Melville Encyclopedia A-Loom – by Kathleen E. Kier Pg 491

gypsy migrations gypsy migration from india through near east and north africa to britain druids israelite scythian mongolians MongolHuntersSong black scythian ferghana horse dunhuang_grotte_288-homme-tenant-un-cheval-par-la-bride-dc3a9tail-dune-fresque-de-la-grotte-288-vie-viie-s Mongol_map dark mongols israelite mongols nomads asia europe Genghis-Khan-Empires-RTKmaps1 black mongols central asian turban black israelite moors black turks black turkish soldier scythian migration into europe taramuscelului1-1 dunhuang black scythian chinese armyZhang Yichao PF Changs_China_Bistro-_detail_of_old_cave_painting_mural-_Mexico_City__psd black mongolian archer Prince Siyavush faces Afrasiyab's forces across a river A page from a Shahnama manuscript, from around 1425 Rytter_fra_Bagirmi 142090161_o xxURyWZchain mail armor africanmounted african scythian calvary 陈居中番骑图-d black mongolian horse trainer central asia scythian black mongol horse trainer art5034291051 mongolians

Origin, Progress and Destiny of the English Language and Literature, By John Adam Weisse, PG 240
Origin, Progress and Destiny of the English Language and Literature, By John Adam Weisse, PG 240

black scythians scythians who were not only styled black Mōko_Shūrai_Ekotoba mongolian hunters

The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community By William H. McNeill, PG 23
The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community By William H. McNeill, PG 23

thracians bulgarians scythians traki black scythian horseman german scholar thracia korea scythian connection

Edinburgh Review, Or, Critical Journal, Volume 3, PG 430
Edinburgh Review, Or, Critical Journal, Volume 3, PG 430

scythians hallstatt

Note the Phoenician trade routes by sea and the Scythian overland routes both met in the British Isles and certainly in other locations as well.
Note the Phoenician trade routes by sea and the Scythian overland routes both met in the British Isles and certainly in other locations as well.Note the Phoenician trade routes by sea and the Scythian overland routes both met in the British Isles and certainly in other locations as well.

If Scythians were Celts and Jews that built temples from Indian to Britain, yet they brought stone masonry and stones from Africa, would that not make the Scythians also present in Africa? The historical records of the Punic/Phoenicians provide evidence of the Scythians (labeled as Armenians and Persians) migration into North Africa and Spain while the Celto-Scythian triskelion symbol, again, may also help in supporting that evidence.  The following Punic records also supports the Yoruba traditional record of the Assyrian-Scythian (Israelite) refugees fleeing into Africa after the Battle of Carchemish. It is also said that Scythians of the Black/Euxine Sea also freely travelled into Africa.

land and sea routes old world scythian rider

A Vindication of the Ancient History of Ireland: Wherein is Shewn, By Charles Vallancey, PG 46-47
A Vindication of the Ancient History of Ireland: Wherein is Shewn, By Charles Vallancey, PG 46-47

zephaniah1

Edinburgh Review, Or, Critical Journal, Volume 3, PG 430
Edinburgh Review, Or, Critical Journal, Volume 3, PG 430

durbar festival 1

Memoir Respecting the Kaffers, Hottentots, and Bosjemans, of South Africa Volume 2, by Lieutent Colonel Sutherland, PG 511
Memoir Respecting the Kaffers, Hottentots, and Bosjemans, of South Africa Volume 2, by Lieutent Colonel Sutherland, PG 511

ojude-oba scythian hatdurbar festival 2

 2 Kings 17:6
“In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” – 2 Kings 17:6
Alani_map
Persians and Armenians known as Alans settled in Spain and Carthage

transparent_danakil_warriors_from_Somalia

A Persian miniature portraying Buzurjmihr/Bozorgmehr, the Iranian nobleman and minister of the Sassanid king
A Persian miniature portraying Buzurjmihr/Bozorgmehr, the Iranian nobleman and minister of the Sassanid king, showing the game of backgammon to the Indian Rajah
persian sassanid empire
ABOVE: The Persian (Sassanid) and Armenian expedition, from between the Euxine/Black and Caspian Seas, into Europe and down into Africa through Egypt.

Feudal Negro Soldiers

A Vindication of the Ancient History of Ireland: Wherein is Shewn, By Charles Vallancey, PG 46-47
A Vindication of the Ancient History of Ireland: Wherein is Shewn, By Charles Vallancey, PG 46-47

Israelites in Africa mapBarbary_Coast

Amazigh Berbers of North and North West Africa
Amazigh Berbers of North and North West Africa have Phoenician and Scythian Israelite associations

berber flag black berbers 1berber yaz symbol phoenician origin hebrew menorah moorish berbersmoorish drummerDURBAR NIGdurbar horseman

A Vindication of the Ancient History of Ireland: Wherein is Shewn, By Charles Vallancey, PG 46-47
A Vindication of the Ancient History of Ireland: Wherein is Shewn, By Charles Vallancey, PG 46-47 

moors-in-spain black-pirates-2 hebrew israelite colonization map dierk lange moorish trimurti trinity triskele yazBeyond the Punic-Phoenician history of Asiatics colonizing Africa and Spain the trinity-triskelion symbol provides further evidence to trace the Scythians into the interior of Africa as claimed by Yoruba traditional history.

Dacian bracelet
Compare the ABOVE Dacian bracelet design to the Berber “Yaz” symbol. They are almost identical and both seem to refer to a ‘trinity’ like the triskelion. The Dacians were a northern branch of Thracians whom Thucydides, an ancient Athenian historian, said neighbored the Scythians and were armed in the same manner.
hey won hey adinkra symbol
Compare the ABOVE West African Adrinka symbol of endurance (Hye Won Hye) to the previous Dacian bracelet design and Berber “Yaz” Symbol. The symbols are almost identical and we are discovering that branches of a root people have taken this symbol, and other related trinity symbols, to all the locations they migrated to.

triple spiral Bru_na_Boinne_Squire Newgrange_Entrance_Stone

The Triskelion symbol found on Kelto-Scythian monuments and artifacts actually has origins in Central Asia/the Near-East.

irish-shamrock triquetra triskele 4

Annual Report, By United States National Museum, PG 872
Annual Report, By United States National Museum, PG 872
“… a threefold cord is not quickly broken.” – Ecclesiastes 4:12
“… a threefold cord is not quickly broken.” – Ecclesiastes 4:12

threefold triquetra esvastica

The Trefoil, Triskelion, Triquetra, Trinity and its related symbols are found all over the Eurasian continent as well as in Africa. The various locations where we find these symbols help to further establish the presence of Israelites in those same locations.

The Jewish Encyclopedia: Talmud-Zweifel, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250
The Jewish Encyclopedia: Talmud-Zweifel, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250

Chinese_migration

Calmet’s Dictionary of the Holy Bible, By Augustin Calmet, PG 487
Calmet’s Dictionary of the Holy Bible, By Augustin Calmet, PG 487

the sahel shaka zulu

Concise Encyclopeida Of World History, By Carlos Ramirez-Faria, PG 640
Concise Encyclopeida Of World History, By Carlos Ramirez-Faria, PG 640

shaka saka scythians isaac sakasunni

Report of Tours in the Central Doab and Gorakhpur in 1874-75 and 1875-76, By A. C. L. Carlleyle, PG 126
Report of Tours in the Central Doab and Gorakhpur in 1874-75 and 1875-76, By A. C. L. Carlleyle, PG 126

israelites are saka scythians gimirri cimmiri or khumri

Not only were the ancient Israelites referred to by the byword of “SAKA” but some tribes of Israelite descent in Africa are also referred to as “SAKA”. According to a particular ethno-historical dictionary titled, The Peoples of Africa, there are at least three different people groups that contain the name Saka in reference to their nation; the Saka & Sakata people of central Zaire and the Sakalava people of Madagascar. Could this be a coincidence or actually a product of the migration of Israelites, identified as Scythians/Phoenicians/Persians/Armenians, into Africa from the Middle East, Mediterranean and Balkans regions? The histories recorded by the previously quoted authors have agreed with the latter as well as that of Professor Dierk Lange concerning the origins of the Yoruba-Oyo Nigerians.

The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, By James Stuart Olson, PG 505 The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, By James Stuart Olson, PG 505 The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, By James Stuart Olson, PG 505

The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, By James Stuart Olson, PG 505
The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, By James Stuart Olson, PG 505

sakalave woman from madagascarsakalava warrior madagascarDavid Griffiths and the Missionary “History of Madagascar”, By Gwyn Campbell, PG 276

David Griffiths and the Missionary “History of Madagascar”, By Gwyn Campbell, PG 276
David Griffiths and the Missionary “History of Madagascar”, By Gwyn Campbell, PG 276

saka sak powerful shaka zulu warrior king

Report of Tours in the Central Doab and Gorakhpur in 1874-75 and 1875-76, By A. C. L. Carlleyle, PG 126
Report of Tours in the Central Doab and Gorakhpur in 1874-75 and 1875-76, By A. C. L. Carlleyle, PG 126
Report of Tours in the Central Doab and Gorakhpur in 1874-75 and 1875-76, By A. C. L. Carlleyle, PG 127
Report of Tours in the Central Doab and Gorakhpur in 1874-75 and 1875-76, By A. C. L. Carlleyle, PG 127

black scythians west africa durbarscythian horseman

Concise Encyclopeida Of World History, By Carlos Ramirez-Faria, PG 640
Concise Encyclopeida Of World History, By Carlos Ramirez-Faria, PG 640

shaka zulu is named shaka for saka scythians just as shakamuni buddha was named shaka or shakya for saka scythiansGenesis of Indigenous Chakma Buddhists and Their Pulverization Worldwide, Kalpaz Publications

israelites are scythians durbar_1 african scythians -west-african-mounts dsc_1590

Memoir Respecting the Kaffers, Hottentots, and Bosjemans, of South Africa Volume 2, by Lieutent Colonel Sutherland, PG 511
Memoir Respecting the Kaffers, Hottentots, and Bosjemans, of South Africa Volume 2, by Lieutent Colonel Sutherland, PG 511

Ade-Ajayi-Achebe-Foundation-Yoruba-Warfareyoruba israelites from assyrian captivity migration map african scythian migration map west africa to north india aryans

royal scythians yoruba chiefs aryans
LFT: Royal Scythian, CENTER: Triquetra/Triskelion symbol, RT: High Ranking Chief of Benin/Nigerian military aristocracy wearing the triquetra symbol. BELOW: The Assyrian Royal Seal with a Lion above a triquetra.

assyrian royal seal lion and trickle trefoil

Aramaic and Figural Stamp Impressions on Bricks of the Sixth Century B.C. from Babylon, By Benjamin Sass, Joachim Marzahn, PG 182
Aramaic and Figural Stamp Impressions on Bricks of the Sixth Century B.C. from Babylon, By Benjamin Sass, Joachim Marzahn, PG 182

Aramaic and Figural Stamp Impressions on Bricks of the Sixth Century B.C. from Babylon, By Benjamin Sass, Joachim Marzahn, PG 182 Aramaic and Figural Stamp Impressions on Bricks of the Sixth Century B.C. from Babylon, By Benjamin Sass, Joachim Marzahn, PG 182

Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 384
Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 384

The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345 The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345 The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345

The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345
The Industrial Resources, Etc. of the Southern and Western States, Volume 2, By James Dunwoody Brownson De Bow, PG 344-345

many israelites became idolatrous priests

Anacalypsis an Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis or an Inquiry Into the Origin of Languages, Nations, and Religion, Volume 2, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 364
Anacalypsis an Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis or an Inquiry Into the Origin of Languages, Nations, and Religion, Volume 2, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 364

black buddhist were israelites

eastern trinity
LFT: This Indian BC sculpture presents as the back side of the above coin the Buddhist trinity or three jewels, Tri-rat-nas: The Buddha, the Sangha and the Dharma. Ashoka’s wheel is also visible.
buddha trefoil fleur de lis
The Fleur-de-lis motif (red arrow above) in the ancient art of India, and China, symbolizes a divine portal (Nirvana). Also note the Buddha sitting within the triskelion symbol

triratna symbol of buddha

Three Jewels of Buddhism (the Triratna)
Three Jewels of Buddhism (the Triratna)

The fact that the triskelion symbol originated in the Near East/Levant is very important in relation to the Scythic/Celtic presence across the old world because it supports the fact that the Israelites were indeed Scythians (nomadic peoples) who adopted the culture and religion of the Assyrian nation that took them captive. More specifically, the triskelion symbol helps to support the assertion that the Nigerian Yoruba people are indeed Israelites, who were given the misnomer of Scythians or Asiatics (among many other names and bywords), who migrated to West Africa from Assyria, as stated by their traditional history and the research of German professor Dierk Lange.

triskelions triquetra nigeria
Compare the ABOVE triskelion/triquetra symbols to the Nigerian Central Bank symbol BELOW

bank of nigeria logo triskele triskelion nigerian triskelion sealgun state triskele triskelion

central bank of nigeria
The Central Bank of Nigerian’s logo ABOVE contains the inverted triquetra/triskelion icon as seen on the Nigerian Chief’s outfit below
triskele triskelion assyrian royal seal
From LFT to RT: The triquetra on the helmet of the Chief above, the Royal Assyrian seal with lion and triquetra and the triquetra symbol found on the back of the Chief below.

nigerian scythian chiefs red pangolin dressback of pangolin dress with scorpion and ada eben ornaments 1994nigerian scythian pangolin dress trinity triskele triskelionroyal assyrian seal trefoil

yoruba helmet trefoil triskele triskelion
Note the triquetra symbol within a circle printed on the fabric of this Yoruba helmet compared to the Royal Assyrian Seal symbol

assyrian royal seal 2 scythian empire did exist with the assyrianscythians control various parts of asiascythians controlled eastern europe to egypt china & japanscythians were wise politic peopleisraelites scythians conquered asia and are origin of feudal system introduced into europe by themaryan phoenician scythian israelite europe european migration map

an eghaevbo n’Ore (Town Chief) wearing the ododo cloth armor

The Cambridge Ancient History, edited by John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, PG 567
The Cambridge Ancient History, edited by John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, PG 567

the cambridge ancient history buddhist three jewels buddhism jainism taoism triskele trinity

Sarmatian, Western Asia or Iran 1st century ad
Ancient Assyrian coin with triskelion and triangle symbols

Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 386 hebrew related to aryan and basque languages of the scythians

Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 386
Origin of the Western nations & languages, By Charles Lassalle, PG 386

dire lange yoruba migration map from assyria to nigeria

The Jewish Encyclopedia: Talmud-Zweifel, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250
The Jewish Encyclopedia: Talmud-Zweifel, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250

According to the Yoruba history and the research of Dierk Lange, many of the Israelites under Assyrian control left Assyria and the Near East region to migrate to West Africa in 605 B.C.

“The great migration of refugees from the collapsing Assyrian Empire c. 605 B.C. according to Yoruba tradition.

What caused the Assyrian empire to collapse which in turn caused the migration of Israelite refugees? The Babylonian conquest of the Assyria Empire! At the same time of the great migration of Israelite refugees from Assyria into West Africa, dated at 605 BC, the Battle of Carchemish was occurring.

ancient babylonian empire map

“605 BC: Battle of Carchemish: Crown Prince Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeats the army of Necho II of Egypt, securing the Babylonian conquest of Assyria. The Babylonians pursue the Egyptians through Syria and Palestine.” – 7th Century BC

Battle of Carchemish info babylonia_empire

The Battle of Carchemish was fought about 605 BC between the allied armies of Egypt and Assyria against the armies of Babylonia, the Medes, Persians and Scythians… The Egyptians met the full might of the Babylonian and Median army led by Nebuchadnezzar II at Carchemish where the combined Egyptian and Assyrian forces were destroyed. Assyria ceased to exist as an independent power, and Egypt retreated and was no longer a significant force in the Ancient Near East. Babylonia reached its economic peak after 605 BC.” – Battle of Carchemish, Wikipedia

605-carchemish map

“After the defeat of the Egypto-Assyrian forces at Carchemish in Syria in 605 B.C. numerous deportees followed the fleeing Egypto-Assyrian troops to the Nile valley, before continuing their migration to sub-Saha-ran Africa. ” – Dierk Lange

Yoruba migration mapcountries where yoruba is spokenLost Tribes a Myth, Godbey

The battle of Carchemish was indeed a prime reason for Israelites to escape Assyrian captivity and the subsequent Babylonian captivity. Many of the Israelites, who were already removed from the land of Israel by the Assyrians for adopting the practice of paganism, also brought with them those same Assyrian pagan customs, culture and religious practices into West Africa. As a result, we can find many similarities between the peoples of West Africa and the Israelites of the Near East who were called Scythians (among many other names). An artifact known as the Behistun Rock will help us to better understand these similarities between the West African migration of Assyrian refugees and the Israelites of the Near East.

behistun_photo
“The Behistun Inscription (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun), (Persian: ‫بیستون‬‎‎, Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning “the place of god”) is a multi-lingual inscription and large rock relief on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran. It was crucial to the decipherment of cuneiform script.” – Behistun Inscription

The inscriptions on the famous Behistun Rock in Persia, were first investigated last century by Sir Henry Rawlinson. The translation of these inscriptions provides an amazing link between the lost ten tribes of Israel and the captive figures depicted on the Behistun Rock relief. However, before we examine the translation of the text upon the Behistun Rock, I believe that a review of the observations of the Scottish author, artist, diplomat and traveller, Sir Robert Ker Porter.

Robert_Ker_Porter

“In I 822, Sir Robert Ker Porter published a valuable account of the travels which he had made in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, and Babylonia between the years I 817 and 1820, and to him we owe a lengthy description of the sculptures at Behistan, and the best drawing of them which had hitherto been published:

behistun stone behistun 10 lost tribes leaders

The design of this sculpture appears to tally so well with the great event of the total conquest over Israel by Shalmaneser, king of Assyria and the Medes, that I venture to suggest the possibility of this bas-relief having been made to commemorate that final achievement. Certain circumstances attending the entire captivity of the ten tribes, which took place in a second attack on their nation, when considered, seem to confirm the conjecture into a strong probability. . . In the royal figure, I see Shalmaneser, the son of the renowned Arbaces, followed by two appropriate leaders of the armies of his two dominions, Assyria and Media, carrying the spear and the bow. . . Besides, he tramples on a prostrate foe; not one that is slain, but one who is a captive. . . He must have been a king; . . . including the prostrate monarch, there are precisely ten captives ; which might be regarded as the representatives, or heads, of each tribe; beginning with the king, who, assuredly, would be considered the chief of his; and ending with the aged figure at the end, whose high cap may have been an exaggerated representation of the mitre worn by the sacerdotal tribe of Levi; a just punishment of the priesthood at that time, which had debased itself by every species of idolatrous compliance with the whims, or rather wickedness of the people, in the adoption of pagan worship…” – The Behistun Rock 519 BC, King Darius Documents His Capture of the Israelites

The observations of Sir Robert Ker Porter that led him to intuitively identify the captive figures depicted upon the bas-relief as captive Israelites were found to be quite accurate after he cuneiform text by each figure were translated. Near each of the figures depicted in the bas-relief is an inscription that gives us information concerning who and what we see being depicted.

behistun_relief_19_skunka_leen

Anglo-Israel: Or, The Saxon Race, Proved to be the Lost Tribes of Israel, By William Henry Poole, PG 437
Anglo-Israel: Or, The Saxon Race, Proved to be the Lost Tribes of Israel, By William Henry Poole, PG 437

behistun_relief_28_gaumata_leen behistun_relief_23_tritantaechmes_leen Henry_Creswicke_Rawlinson

Hiding Israel, By Shane Turley, PG 121
Hiding Israel, By Shane Turley, PG 121

darius-iii2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 behistun rock carving darius 10 lost tribes of israel taken captive 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 behistun rock saka scythian hat konon syrian conical hat jewish hat Temple Baal Bel Priest Non Repainted 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 Assyria Empire 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81 assyrians captivity of northern tribes of israel

Those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own land in the time of Osea the king, whom Salmanasar the king of Assyria led away captive, and he carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land. But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt, That they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land.

And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow places of the river. For the Most High then shewed signs for them, and held still the flood, till they were passed over. For through that country there was a great way to go, namely, of a year and a half: and the same region is called Arsareth. Then dwelt they there until the latter time” – 2 esdras 13:40-46

behistun_relief

Anglo-Israel: Or, The Saxon Race, Proved to be the Lost Tribes of Israel., By William Henry Poole, PG 437
Anglo-Israel: Or, The Saxon Race, Proved to be the Lost Tribes of Israel., By William Henry Poole, PG 437

“The text contains many references that link Darius’ subjects with the Israelites. The name “Kana”, which is Canaan, appears 28 times. We also have a man named “Sarocus the Sacan who wears a hebrew hat. Included in the nations listed is the Sakka. The term Sakka in Persian and Elamite becomes Gimri in Babylonian… Across the bottom and up one side are many panels containing the story of Darius’ conquests. There is also a large section of supplementary text. The Behistun Rock inscriptions are confirmed in two other places: Darius’ tomb, and a gold tablet. The gold tablet again mentions the conquering of the Sakka, while the tomb inscription expands the evidence by talking about three different kinds of Sakka. In all cases, the same name in Babylonian was Gimri… Gimri comes from Khumri(out of the Biblical name Omri) and goes through Gimmira and the Greek Kimmerioi to Cimmerian. We’ll find that almost all those names we learned in European history are traceable to the Sakka, Gimri and Scythians.” – Behistun Rock

Israel camera gamer khumri kimmeroii cimmerians scythians 2300 Days of Hell By Joseph F. Dumond, PG 81

“Numerous early writers mention a people called Sacae. Herodotus informs us that the Persians called all Scythians Sacae. The Sacae are now believed to be the Ashguzai of the Assyrian inscriptions of the period of Esar-Haddon, and to have lived on the borders of Assyria. Their name was given to a fertile part of Armenia which they occupied Sacasena.

Sacae Saka Scythians were driven north into southern russia eastern europe by the medes iranians persians

The Behistun inscriptions of Darius the Great shows that the people called Sacae in the Persian language were known as Gi-mi-ri in the Babylonian tongue. These people first appeared on the northern borders of Assyria in the time of Sargon, who met his death at their hands. Rawlinson has seen in their name a “Semitic equivalent” for the tribes. It is reasonable to identify these people with the Khumri or Ghomri (as given by Pinches), or members of the House of Omri, placed in these regions by Tiglath-Pileser.”

The Israelites have been identified as Beth Khumri/Omri/Ghomri since before the Assyrian Tiglath Pileser and until at least the time of the Persian King Darius. As early as c. 840 B.C. the Israelites can be found on the Moabite Mesha stele referred to as the House of Omri/Khumri. This same name would also be used by the Assyrian oppressor in their own recorded references to the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

“The Mesha stele is the longest Iron Age inscription ever found in the region, constitutes the major evidence for the Moabite language, and is a “corner-stone of Semitic epigraphy and Palestinian history”. The stele, whose story parallels, with some differences, an episode in the Bible’s Books of Kings (2 Kings 3:4–8), provides invaluable information on the Moabite language and the political relationship between Moab and Israel at one moment in the 9th century BCE. It is the most extensive inscription ever recovered that refers to the kingdom of Israel (the “House of Omri”)” – Mesha Stele

mesha stele

king omri
‘MRY MLK YSR’L “Omri, king of Israel” The oldest mention of the name “Israel”, after the one on the Merneptah stone (approximately 1208 BC)

The Moabite Stone: (the Contemporary Rev.)

The Moabite Stone: (the Contemporary Rev.)
The Moabite Stone: (the Contemporary Rev.)

Reverend George Rawlinson Professor of Ancient History at University of Oxford assyrians-2-002 The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion, By Adele Berlin, PG 8

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion, By Adele Berlin, PG 8
The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion, By Adele Berlin, PG 8

assyrian empire under tiglath piles iii 2 kings 15 Map_-Syro_Ephraimite_War tiglath-pileser-iii Hoshea definition on wikipedia 2 kings 17:6 Assyria captured samaria and he carried the israelites away to assyria tiglath pileser iii conquest map 2000px-Deportation_of_Jews_by_Assyrians.svgThe-Scythian-Invasion of Israel-and-The-Period-of-Josiah

If we also look at the records of the following Assyrian campaigns of Salmanasar III against Israel, we will also find the Israelites referred to as the “House/Sons of Khumri/Omri” (Bit Khumri/Omri). These records are found on an artifact called the Black Obelisk. The Black Obelisk depicts King Jehu of Israel bowing down to the Assyrian Salmanasar and the translation of the text refers to the Israelite king as the “Son of Omri” or “Bit Humria”.

blackobelisk3views Black Obelisk of Assyria Shalmaneser iii king omri of israel king jehu bowing before shalmaneser

The mention of nine of the kings of Israel and Judah in the Assyrian tablets is important not only because it verifies the historical reliability of our biblical documents for this period (which would surely be under greater attack by the critics were it not for the Assyrian records), but also because it places Israel and Judah on the larger stage of international politics.” – Israelite Kings in Assyrian Inscriptions, by Bryant G. Wood PhD,

king jehu of israel bows to syrian assyrian king shalmaneser iii khumrisamaria foi edificada por Onri rei de Israel 885 aC antes de Christo (BC) jehu bows p.238.Tribute.King.Jehu.toShalmaneserisraelite tribute to assyrians israelites tribute assyrian captivity

If indeed the Scythians/Saka/Shaka/Sacae who were also known as Khumri/Gimri (on account of the Israelite King Omri) were in fact nomadic Israelites from the Assyrian captivity, it then confirms the traditional history of the Yoruba, and other West African peoples who relate to the Near East Assyrian captivity.

When we return to the history traditional history of the Oyo-Yoruba people, as documented HERE by Professor Dierk Lange, we now have evidence that the great migration of refugees fleeing from the collapsing Assyrian Empire during the battle of Carchemish around 605 B.C. was actually the migration of the Israelites who had become part of the Assyrian Empire and were known as Bet Khumri/Scythians.

the lost tribes dire lange quote

The Israelites who made part of the Assyrian Army that was allied with the Egyptians, fled the Near-East region territories of Assyrian control (i.e. Syria, Phoenicia/Lebanon, Israel) into Egypt. From Egypt, these Israelites split into different branches that then travelled into WEST and EAST AFRICA leaving colonies all along their routes.

yoruba ancient migration map after battle of carchemish 605 BC

However, despite the historical evidence that we have already reviewed so far regarding the kinship between the ancient Israelites, the Scythians and the West African peoples we still need more evidence to solidify the connection between the aforementioned people groups. If indeed the Yoruba and other West African groups were actually Hebrew Israelite immigrant to the African continent from ancient Assyria, we should expect to find some Hebrew and Assyrian cultural elements among the West African and Oyo-Yoruba people. Moreover, all these elements should also be related to our initial discussion of the Israelite-Scythian peoples of the Black Sea region as well as the Israelites within the Thracian area of Persian Empire who Daniel the Prophet referred to in the Biblical record HERE (DANIEL 7:9). Let’s begin by review some of the evidence of the Hebrew and Assyrian cultural influences influence found amongst the West African People; particularly the Oyo-Yoruba.

Again, it must be mentioned that battle of Carchemish c. 605 BC between Assyria & Egypt VS Babylon (under Nebuchadnezzar II)

battle of carchemish 605 bc time of yoruba migration and king nebuchadnezzar of the biblepeople_forced_to_worship_idol_by_king_nebuchadnezzar Daniel 3:6nebuchadnezzar iinebuchadnezzar wins battle of carchemish and pursues assyrians south through israel into egypt605 BC carchemish battle map

It’s because of King Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest and pursuit of the Assyrians during the battle of Carchemish c. 605 BC that caused the Israelite-Scythian-Assyrian refugees to flee into East and West Africa via Egypt.

yoruba migration map battle of carchemishcountries where yoruba is spoken in west africa negroland

Just as a time marker and point of reference, let’s remember that scholars have dated Daniel’s life from 621 BC to 533 BC, and his captivity in Babylon beginning in 605 BC at age 16. The Babylonian captivity beginning in 605 BC resulted in Nebuchadezzar’s victory in the Battle of Carchemish, which resulted in the subsequent conquest of the Kingdom of Judah when Daniel was 16. At this same time during the Babylonian Captivity, many of the Israelites of the northern Kingdom of Israel who had already become apart of the Assyrian Empire c. 721 BC as well as some of the inhabitants of southern the Kingdom of Judah fled Babylonian captivity in the African continent by way of Egypt.

Obviously, these Israelite would have brought many different customs with them in West Africa, we notice many men wearing a particular head-dress.  The Aso Oke hat, know in the Yoruba language as a “fila” is a traditional hat of the Yoruba people.

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“An Aso Oke Hat (pronounced ah-SHOW-kay), a type of soft fez, is a traditional Yoruba hat that is made of hand woven African fabric, see Aso Oke fabric, cotton, velvet, or damask. In the Yoruba language, this hat is called a fila. Although these hats originated in Nigeria they are worn by many men of African descent.” – Aso Oke hat, Wikipedia

aso oke hat tunde kelani tv logo aso oke hat osun_sagodare Late Nigerian actor Justus Esiri is Urhobo man from Abraka Eric-Teniola

This same Nigerian hat can be seen worn by the ancient Israelites as depicted on the Assyrian Black Obelisk of Salmanasar II. King Jehu is shown wearing a hat very similar, if not identical to the Aso Oke hat of Nigeria.

jehu bowing homage 14_Omni_1 israelite stocking cap

annang people nigeria stocking cap
The Annang people of Nigeria wearing their tradition garments and hat. Compare the hat to the Stocking Cap above and the Israelite headgear depicted on the Assyrian Black Obelisk below.

black obelisk israelite captivity migrationYorubaFigure11d atti anang hebrew israelite aso oke hat

The traditional hat of the Yoruba and Igbo people seems to have clear origins with the ancient Israelites under Assyrian rulership. Both Yoruba and Igbos are descendants of the Israelite-Khumri-Scythians that fled into West Africa during the collapse of the Assyrian empire c. 605 BC and brought with them many of their ancient customs; the traditional hat being one of them.

SoundiataKeita
The “Lion King” of the Mali Empire, Sundiata Keita, is often depicted wearing a Scythian/Phrygian hat
Sundiata-Lion-king-of-Mali
Notice the conical hat with side-flaps

640px-trak_peltastaMarabouts_de_Say_Niger_1912african scythian smurf hatcompare-to-chinese-clay-tomb-soldier

Diola jola
A Senegalese Jola man wearing a traditional hat. The hat is comparable to other West African traditional hats as well as the Scythian/Phrygian Smurf hat.
african conical hat stupa
Other West Africans, such as the Wolof of Senegal, also carry vestiges of Scythian culture and style of dress. Notice the pointed cap that the children ABOVE are wearing that is similar to hats worn by different Nigerian peoples BELOW who have also been connected with the ancient Scythians.

ojude-oba-2

Among a particular group of Nigerians, the Igbo people, the Scythic-Phrygian styled hat is known as Okpu Agu, which in the Igbo language means the “Leopard cap” or the “Hero’s hat”.

ohafia people okpu agu heroes hat leopard cap

The ancestors of the Ohafia people were renowned as mighty warriors. This aspect of the Ohafia peoples history remains fundamental to the Ohafia people’s sense of identity. The warrior’s cap or “leopard cap” (Igbo: Okpu agu) is well known and is an associated product of Ohafia.” – Ohafia, Wikipedia

ohafia igbo-22 ohafia hat Masquarade Performance nigerian sailors boatmenestebanico4The-proprietor-of-Rojenny-Games-Village-Oba-Anambra-State-Chief-Rommy-Ezeonwuka ancient hebrew israelite hat cap jewish cap nigerian figure with phrygian cap temple of bel baal palmyra fresco compared to nigerian yoruba

Another depiction of Israelites from the Assyrian Empire wearing this same hat can be found on a fresco from the middle Mithraem (Temple of Mithras) at Dura Europos in Syria.

sol-and-mithras-in-a-fresco-from-the-middle-mithraeum-at-dura-europos-syria-ca-210-ce

This fresco in Dura Europos of Syria depicting the hat identical to the hat worn by the West African people also relates us to another fresco from Dura-Europos that will allow us to make even more clear associations between the Israelite-Scythians and the West Africans. The conical pointed hat is very similar to the soft fez-like cap pictured above.

dura europos temple of bel baal family of konon

"Imitation Greeks": Being Syrian in the Greco-Roman World (175 BCE--275 CE), PG 323
“Imitation Greeks”: Being Syrian in the Greco-Roman World (175 BCE–275 CE), PG 323

We have already quoted Henry C. Rawlinson who stated that the tall pointed headdress worn by the Sacan (Sacae or Saka-Scythian) on the Persian Behistun Rock was a type of Hebrew headdress. Some have even identified this pointed as the “Jewish Hat.”

Hagadá Rylands, 1330 Maror zé - In the Brother to the Rylands Haggadah, marror is depicted as an artichoke
Historical depictions of Black Jews wearing the pointed Jewish-Scythian hap in the Brother to the Rylands Haggadah 1330

The Jewish hat also known as the Jewish cap, Judenhut (German) or Latin pilleus cornutus (“horned skullcap”), was a cone-shaped pointed hat, often white or yellow, worn by Jews in Medieval Europe and some of the Islamic world. Initially worn by choice, its wearing was enforced in some places in Europe after 1215 for adult male Jews to wear while outside a ghetto in order to distinguish Jews from others. Like the phrygian cap it often resembles, the hat may have originated in pre-Islamic Persia—a similar hat was worn by Babylonian Jews.” – Jewish Hat, Wikipedia

jewish phrygian hat haggadah
Jewish Cap on LFT & RT compared to the Phyrgian Cap in the CENTER.
konon sacrifice temple of bel baal syria
Frescoe of Konon, son of Nikostratos, standing with priest performing a religious offering in Dura-Europos, Syria.

black macedonian aristocracy

We can find this very same pointed hat worn among the Yoruba and other West African peoples being that they migrated to West Africa from the Near East regions under Assyrian dominion.

TempleBelPriestNonRepaintedCx-1 kirikou conical hatflywisk conical hat HRM.-Ovie-Richard-Layeguen-Ogbon-Ogoni-Oghoro-I-JP

nigerian priest and king
Ovie of Olomu, Ogbon R.L. Oghoro Ogoni I conferring with the Olu of Warri, Ogiame Atuwatse II. Notice the conical headdress and the red garments.

 

key-kirikou_inline-02 queen iyoba headimg-20141219-00005

kazakhastan women wearing saukele pointed hat
The Saukele pointed hat of Kazakhstan Scythian women is identical to the conical head dress of the West Africa women who are also descended from a branch of the Scythians

yoruba african scythian princess pointed conical hatafrican arts magazine cover UCLA african scythians

This pointed hat found among the Yoruba/West African people not only related them to their ancient Israelite past but also allows us to support their identification with the Saka/Scythians as well.

black buddhists aryan saka scythian

An Aryan/Iranian Saka-Scythian depicted on a Dunhuang Cave mural
An Aryan/Iranian Saka-Scythian depicted on a Dunhuang Cave mural

 

Pointed hats were also worn in ancient times by Saka (Scythians), and are shown on Hindu temples and in Hittite reliefs. As described by Herodotus, the name of the Scythian tribe of the tigrakhauda (Orthocorybantians) is a bahuvrihi compound literally translating to “people with pointed hats”… Medieval Jewish men wore distinctive headgear as part of their religious observance. This included the pointed Jewish hat (or “Judenhut”) already worn by Jews, a piece of clothing probably imported from the Islamic world and perhaps before that from Persia.”  – Pointed Hat, Wikipedia

pointed conical hat jewish israelite syrian phoenician druid scythian saka moorish peerage ConeBelTempleKononbenin bronze warrior conical helmet hat

If indeed, the Yoruba and other West Africans are actually descendants of Israelite-Scythians from Assyria, we should also find some Scythian cultural traits among these West Africans as well. As a matter of fact, we can find many similarities between the Scythians and the West Africans. We will only go over a few now.

benin nigerian chief high rank scythian armor compare benin nigeria to royal scythian 1 compare benin nigeria to royal scythian 2 compare benin nigeria to royal scythian 3compare benin nigeria to royal scythian 4igue festival chiefs scythians africa

Beyond the clear correlation between the red and gold outfits and pangolin armor of the Scythians and the West Africans, we can also find some similarities between the two groups when we examine another headdress.

The Yoruba Ade Oba Orikogbofo (King's Beaded Crown)
The Yoruba Ade Oba Orikogbofo (King’s Beaded Crown)
Berlin, GERMANY: A woman looks at reconstructed clothes of the Scythians exposed 04 July 2007 at the Martin-Gropius-Bau in Berlin. From 06 July to 01 October 2007, the museum presents the show "Under the Sign of the Golden Griffin. The Royal Tombs of the Scythians". The Scythians and the nomadic peoples related to them were the dominant historical force on the Eurasian steppes of the 8th to 3rd cent. BC. The exhibition presents the history of these horesemen and their culture, from their early ranges along the Yenisei River up to the very doorstep of Central Europe. A spotlight is turned on the far-ranging relationship already existing between Asia and Europe long before the famous Silk Road ever came into existence. AFP PHOTO DDP/AXEL SCHMIDT GERMANY OUT (Photo credit should read AXEL SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Note the ABOVE white headdress of the male Scythian with the protrusion on top of the cap in comparison to the headdress of the West African King BELOW.

stupa hat ori inu yoruba oba Orikogbofo late_oba Korean Mongolian scythian stupa hat same as nigerian yoruba ori inc

The domed cap with the protrusion or spire at the top is worn by both the West Africans (of Nigeria and Benin) as well as the Scythians. A point of great interest is that this hat in not only similar in form but also in function.  The purpose and symbolism of this hat among both the West Africans and the Scythians supports the common lineage and share culture/spirituality of the West African and the Aryan-Scythians.

Yoruba Ade Oba (Orikogbofo) (King's Beaded Crown)

“It is believed amongst the Yoruba that the ruling leader, the Oba (king), provides a link between his people, the ancestors and the gods… Once an Oba places his crown (called ‘ade oba‘) on his head, his ori inu is connected directly with his ancestors; the ade oba is a sign of this connection with the ancestors… [the] small central projection (marking position of magic medicines protecting the Oba’s ori inu)”  – Imodara.com

Strongs H380 iyshown little man of the minds eye
The Yoruba idea of the “ori inu” is synonymous with the ancient Hebrew conception of the “iyshown” (H380) or “little man of the eye”.
Intermediate Yoruba: Language, Culture, Literature, and Religious ..., Part 2 By Abraham Ajibade Adeleke Ph. D., Abraham Ajibade Adeleke, PG 11
Intermediate Yoruba: Language, Culture, Literature, and Religious, Part 2 By Abraham Ajibade Adeleke Ph. D., Abraham Ajibade Adeleke, PG 11
Oba-Samson-Alade-Balogun
Oba Samson Alade Balogun wearing the Orikogbofo King’s Crown

ade oba crown stupa

The Yoruba Ade Oba hat known as Orikogbofo (King’s Beaded Crown) is almost identical to the form of the Stupa temples of the East and the Kurgans across Europe and Asia, as well as their functions in connecting the world of the living with the ancestors and the spiritual realm. The same idea represented by the Yoruba Oba Ade cap is also evident in the architecture of the Hindu/Buddhist stupas that also connect one to the ancestor and the spiritual realm.

Intermediate Yoruba: Language, Culture, Literature, and Religious, Part 2 By Abraham Ajibade Adeleke Ph. D., Abraham Ajibade Adeleke, PG 11ibori crown stupaIntermediate Yoruba: Language, Culture, Literature, and Religious ..., Part 2 By Abraham Ajibade Adeleke Ph. D., Abraham Ajibade Adeleke, PG 11

ibori heads lordship over the body ori inu inner mind iyshown

“Throughout Yorubaland,a person venerates his or her ori-inu (“inner head”), a personal spirit that guides an individual’s destiny… The symbol of the inner head is a small conical object, which is in turn secreted in a larger container with a conical lid called ile-ore, literally, “house of the head.” – From African Shapes of the Sacred: Yoruba Religious Art by Carol Ann Lorenz, Senior Curator, Longyear Museum of Anthropology, Colgate University

Intermediate Yoruba: Language, Culture, Literature, and Religious, Part 2 By Abraham Ajibade Adeleke Ph. D., Abraham Ajibade Adeleke, PG 11

The rotating dome/firmament of heaven is symbolically symbolized by the stupa’s dome.
heaven above middle earth abyss beneath
The middle ground concept of the West African Ori Inu is reflected in the stupa structures of the East. The middle ground of earth, represented by the stupa building, sits on top of the underworld but is also under the influence of the celestial powers that revolve around it. Similarly, the Ori Inu is in communication with the powers of heaven – the realm of infinity.

ori in universe minduniverse in the mindEminent Eye blog iconascension-begins-in-ones-mindJacobs Ladder and the Temple Antenna Iconyoruba oba ruler shape as ori inu and stupaheaven earth underworld RootsYggdrassilSmith1881

3 worlds division heave earth underworld
The Higher Self, Pineal and Ida in the BELOW diagram of the ‘subtle body’ are representative of the Heaven, Earth and the Underworld of the ABOVE diagrams

channeling power through third eye pineal diagramthird eye pineal minds eye iyshown h380 ori inu yoruba third eye statue

IWAKERI: the Quest for Afrikan Spirituality by Awotunde Yao Zannu Faseyin, By Awotunde Zannu Faseyin, PG 93
– IWAKERI: the Quest for Afrikan Spirituality by Awotunde Yao Zannu Faseyin, By Awotunde Zannu Faseyin, PG 93
ori inu fractal oba
The symbolic and fractal association between the African concept of Ori Inu and the eastern stupa/pagoda is apparent in their shape. The African concept of Ori Inu, as the symbolic essence and central focal point of human body, is personified by the Oba (ruler) who is the central focal point of the body of the community. In like manner, the stupa/pagoda (the temple of Baal’s body) is central focal point of worship and meditation.

buddha stupa cave empowerment ori inu buddha stupa spiritual antenna

Eastern Religions: Origins, Beliefs, Practices, Holy Texts, Sacred Places By Michael David Coogan, PG 17egyptian ptah stupa buddhabuddha baal ptah seated temple body stupaA Companion to Asian Art and Architecture, By Deborah S. Hutton, PG 183

buddha stupa temple body ori inu conical crown stupa pagoda diagram korean scythian stupa hat ori inu stupa axis mundi Ruwanwelisaya_Stupa_at_night axis mundi stupa empowerment cave stupa channeling buddha cave power sun moon hegalian buddha buddhism channeling familiar spirits

The Yoruba Ade Oba hat known as Orikogbofo (King's Beaded Crown)
The Yoruba Ade Oba hat known as Orikogbofo (King’s Beaded Crown) is shaped like a stupa and functions in the same manner.

THE YEYE OBA OF OGIDI, CHIEF NIKE OKUNDAYE (R), PRESENTING THE NEW YAM TO THE OLOGIDI OF OGIDI, OBA RABIU SULE, DURING THE NEW YAM FESTIVAL AT THE 2015 OGIDI-ELA DAY CELEBRATION AT OGIDI, IJUMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KOGI.

kazakh bride in tradition saukele pointed stupa hat compared to west african kings crown
kazakh bride in tradition saukele pointed stupa hat compared to west african kings crown

Erediauwa stupa Orikogbofo crownKushan Stupa umbrella spiritual antennastupa mound axis mundi gab

Stupa of Amaravati, drawing, India Sunga period, 1st century BC. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

It is interesting to note that the mounds of the Europe and Asia are paralleled in the Americas. Moreover, being that we have discovered that the Scythian mound builders were actually descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, it becomes much easier to see the relationship between the Scythians and the ancient Native Americans. Many scholars agree that the Lost Ten Tribes were the ancestors of the Native Americans and the Mound Builders.

typical-Scythian-kurgan kofun burial mound
Typical Scythian Kurgan tomb

scythian burial mound stupa

Newgrange Tumulus of Ireland
Newgrange Tumulus of Ireland

Kiri Vihara stupa ori inu Orikogbofo borobudur

stupa-candi-brobudur-magelang-java-indonesia-1
Compare the three stupas of Borobudur ABOVE to the three hats worn by the Oba and his chiefs depicted on the Benin Bronze plaque BELOW

oba plaque benin bronze yoruba stupa crown buddha-top-knot-bun-hairstyle benin bronze stupa crown stupa african conical hairstyle antenna berlin golden hat nigerian hat druid nigerian oba ruler conical hat stupa borubudur stupa crown hat white aryans 1 maccabees 3:48 1 maccabees 3:48

Despite the fact that there did exist some “White” Scythians or Nomads, being that Edom and his descendants were not blessed with any particular land, the majority of the Scythians of history were indeed the Hebrew Israelites who became known to history as Scythians and Aryans. The Chinese red-haired mummies and the many depictions of White Scythians is a strongly biased portrayal of history in efforts to occult the other history presented in this article as well as to give the credit and glory of one nation to another in order to erase the remembrance of the Israelites from history (Psalms 83:1-8)

black scythians quote black african nigerian scythians Chief Ima at Ugie Erhoba, Benin. Kathy Curnow, 1994. UgieEwereCelebrations37 high ranking been chiefs ceremony

royal scythian nigeria yoruba chief
LEFT: The Royal Scythian found in a tomb of Kazakhstan compared to a Benin/Nigerian High Ranking Chief dressed in red and gold.

royal assyrian seal

It is interesting to note the many similarities between the ancient Scythians and the West Africans of Benin and Nigeria as it provides further support of the assertion that the Yoruba migrated to West Africa from Assyrian captivity. The correlations between the Yoruba and the Royal Scythians also reconnects us back to Korea and the ancient Scythian presence in the Far East. Let’s look at the Scythians of both Korea and Kazakhstan as well as the West Africans.

Kyrm Altynbekov shows President Nursultan Nazarbayev his family's reconstruction of the garb of a Saka warrior
Kyrm Altynbekov (CENTER) shows President Nursultan Nazarbayev (LEFT) his family’s reconstruction of the garb of a Saka (Scythian) warrior.

scythian bird hat

scythian native american fringes borders of blue
Notice the fringes and borders of blue on this Scythian garment. Very reminiscent of the Native American garments as well of that of the ancient Israelites

scythian outfit

The Scythian garb reconstruction of Korea looks extremely similar to the Scythian garb reconstruction of a Royal Scythian Issyk Kurgan tomb of southeastern Kazakhstan.

From LFT to RT: Korean Scythian, Issyk “Sun King” of Kazakhstan
From LFT to RT: Korean Scythian, Issyk “Sun King” of Kazakhstan

The similarities between the Scythian garments found in Korea and Kazakhstan also support the assertion that the triskelion symbol and the Golden Sword of Korea’s Silla kingdom were the product of the Scythian presence in the Far-East.

Kazakhstan Warrior Suit Issyk Mound kazakhastan sword silla sword

kazakhstan sword silla sword
The among the Scythians artifacts found in Kazakhstan in 1928 there was a particular golden sword that had a design almost identical to that of the Korea’s Golden Sword of Silla.
Golden Sword of northern Kazakhstan marked with the fleur-de-lis symbol
Golden Sword of northern Kazakhstan marked with the fleur-de-lis symbol
The Golden Sword of Silla Korea marked with the triskelion symbol
The Golden Sword of Silla Korea marked with the triskelion symbol
The Korean sword (LFT) compared to the sword of Kazakhstan Scythians (RT)
The Korean sword (LFT) compared to the sword of Kazakhstan Scythians (RT) 

mogao cave buddhist monk scythian sword

Another sword very similar to both the Kazakastan Scythian sword and the Korean Silla sword is the depiction of a sword carried by a dark skinned central Asian speaking to a Dark Skinned Buddhist monk on a Yulin Cave Mural in Anxi County, Gansu Province of China. It is interesting to note that the term “Anxi” is the Chinese name given to regions ruled by the Parthian Empire. According to the author Steven Collins and other scholars, the Parthian Empire of ancient Iran possessed large populations of exiled Israelites identified as Scythians. It would therefore be no surprise to see a depiction of a Scythian holding a Scythian styled sword painted on the walls of a cave in Anxi County, an area of China once governed by an Empire with large populations of Scythians.

parthia An universal history, from the earliest accounts to the present time, By Universal history, PG 154 ZhangQianTravel An universal history, from the earliest accounts to the present time, By Universal history, PG 154 Map-of-Parthian-Empire-44-BC-to-138-AD The Roman History from the Building of Rome to the Ruin of the Commonwealth, Volume 5, By Nathaniel Hooke, John Rogers Pitman Scythia-Parthia_100_BC Encyclopædia Americana, Volume 9, edited by Francis Lieber, Edward Wigglesworth, Thomas Gamaliel Bradford, Henry Vethake parthian calvary israelite migration as scythians into eurasia ZhangQianTravel China's Energy Strategy: The Impact on Bejing's Maritime Policies, edited by Gabriel Collins, Andew Erickson, Lyle Goldstein, William Murray China's Energy Strategy: The Impact on Bejing's Maritime Policies, edited by Gabriel Collins, Andew Erickson, Lyle Goldstein, William Murray buddhist monk mogao cave scythian silla korean sword silla korean sword compared with kazakhastan sword and silla sword silla sword from korea

Beyond the triskelion symbol, pointed caps and the sword design indicative of the Scythians, the most striking similarities found between the different branches of Scythians is found in the colors and designs of the different Scythian outfits. Red and gold are the colors of elite Assyrian families of military aristocracy. According to the Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 5:

enclopaedia iranica volume 5 pg 758 scythian outfit korea kazakhastan assyrian royal seal scythian archer

The color red was associated with the military aristocracy and predominated all elements of the warriors costume.” – Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 5, PG 758

The red color of the warriors costume associated with the military aristocracy of the Royal Scythians is strongly paralleled by the attire of the West African’s of Benin and Nigeria’s Igue festival.

Here one of the highest ranking Eghaevbo n'Ore (town chiefs) is seen wearing the ododo cloth armor that has been depicted for centuries in brass and ivory, because the color scarlet embodies power to over come hostile forces, this bright red
Chief Izevbizua Iyamu, the Esogban of Benin, one of the four Town Chiefs, wearing ehaengbehia. Benin City, Nigeria, December, 1981

ododo red cloth armor nigerian scythians nigerian scythians 1 yoruba benin city Traditional dancers igue Celebrations Day

The-Ugie-Festivals
Like the Royal Scythians mentioned above, the West Africans of Nigeria, Benin and Togo are governed by an Oba (ruler) who is the Supreme Military Commander of what is clearly a military aristocracy. They are also wearing red and gold like the Royal Scythians did as an emblem of their military kingdom.

yoruba military aristocracy

Igue Celebrations Day
Notice the triquetra symbol (looks like the letter Y upside down) on the flanks of the hat ABOVE as well as in the Assyrian royal seal BELOW

triskele yoruba assyrian scythian royal assyrian seal triquetra west african yoruba scythian lion triquetra assyrian royal seal lion over triquetra african scythian sideflaps pointed hat yoruba military aristocracy African Arts Magazine Autumn 1997 UCLAblack scythians

As we discovered earlier in regards to the Royal Scythians:

The color red was associated with the military aristocracy and predominated all elements of the warriors costume.” – Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 5, PG 758

scythians red military

There are some strong connections existing between the Royal Scythians and the Nigeria/Benin Chiefs. The red regalia of the Scythian military aristocracy is clearly associated with that of the warrior chiefs of West Africa. Another piece of red regalia that allows us make further associations between the Scythians and the West Africans of Benin & Nigeria are the red coral garments.

According to the British academic and archaeologist Ellis H. Minns, the Scythians also used red coral for their ritualistic and royal garments. The particular coral used by the Scythians was almost exclusively found in the Mediterranean Ocean and its rarity and location contributed to its high trade value. The presence of this rare coral among people of Asia, Europe and Africa is a strong indication of their Scythian origins and trade with the Mediterranean region.

yoruba kings chiefs red coral queen iyoba red coral mediterranean coral snake black and red coral mediterranean the early trade in black and red coralred coral 1 red coral 2

mongolian tibetan scythian red coral mediterranean
Traditional red coral of the Tibetan Khampa people. Tibetans are historically associated with Aryans/Scythians
mongolian tibetan red coral mediterranean
The Erdos people of Mongolia also use the Mediterranean red coral. Mongolians are known to have strong Scythian associations.

red coral 3

According to a document by Greenpeace International in October 1989,

greenpeace thin logo

Red coral exists almost exclusively in the Mediterranean Sea, where it has been exploited since ancient times. In the past it was abundant in the entire Mediterranean Basin, and its collection developed particularly in the islands of Crete and Rhodes, as well as in Libya, Tunisia and Algeria.

Reefs of particular importance have also been found in Catalonia and in the Balearic Islands.Until a few years ago the greater part of the Italian coast had a notable abundance of red coral which developed primarily in the area of Torre del Greco, near Naples and in Sicily.” – The Mediterranean: A Threatened Ecosystem (October 1989), by GREENPEACE International

israelite phoenician scythian mediterranean african settlement colonization map dierk lange early trade in black and red coral 1 early trade in black and red coral 2 early trade in black and red coral 3 minerva 1 minerva red coral minerva red coral 1greco-roman goddesses athena minervaathena-black-figure emerging from zeus' head with weapons

She was born with weapons from the head of Jupiter after impregnating the titaness Metis. The Romans equated her with the Greek goddess Athena.” – Minerva, Wikipedia

athena-black-figure zeus jupiter's headminerva red minerva title red white

Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 173
Anacalypsis, Volume 1, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 173

black minerva purple sword flywisk

Three Books of Occult Philosophy, By Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, Donald Tyson, James Freake, PG 491 Three Books of Occult Philosophy, By Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, Donald Tyson, James Freake, PG 491 athena__goddess_of_wisdom_by_christytortland Black_Athena by Martin Bernal black athena red coral 4 red coral 5 Minerva portuguesas sardinhas red coral 6 red coral 7

It is interesting to note that this same red coral, the worship of Minerva, and many other Mediterranean cultural aspects can be found among Sub-Saharan African communities until this day. It would seem to provide strong evidence in support of the fact that many peoples in the African continent, particularly the Yoruba Nigerian, were descended from Israelite-Scythian communities of the Mediterranean and Levant.

“In fact, before the rise of academic African historiography in connection with the independence of African states around 1960, scholars relied more directly on the available traditions of Yoruba origin and they did some comparative research between Yoruba, ancient Mediterranean and Israelite cultures. On the basis of this evidence they suggested that the Yoruba immigrated from far away: either from Phoenicia, the Mediterranean world, Egypt, or Nubia (Biobaku 1955: 8–13; Lange 1995: 40–48). If any of these suppositions could be shown to be true and present opinion to be ideologically biased, it would mean that a culture of the ancient world survived in sub-Saharan Africa, which in the area of origin was superseded by subsequent sweeping developments such as Hellenization, Christianization and Islamization (Lange 1995, 1997, 1999).” – Origin of the Yoruba and “The Lost Tribes of Israel” by Dierk Lange

benin city royal assembly bbc red coral yoruba benin city nigeria red coral yoruba woman her-coral-beads red coral yoruba womenowo traditional dancers red coral yoruba traditional wedding bride groom red coral Invasion-1897 red coral outfit red coral crown yoruba ruler king red coral 8 red coral 9 red coral fly whisk

Regalia made of coral or red stone beads are emblematic of the oba’s divine rule. Both coral and red stones are thought to be invested with a supernatural energy, called ase, which is strengthening and protective. The enisen, who make and care for beaded regalia, work in seclusion in consideration of this sacred power. At the annual Ugie Ivie festival, the regalia are washed in cow’s blood to regenerate their potency. This elegant fly whisk, made of coral and agate, is a true luxury item, as its weight—approximately five and a half pounds—makes it altogether impractical to use.” – The Art Institute of Chicago, Kings and Rituals: Court Arts from Nigeria

benin art institute of chicago showcase

Beyond the Red Coral connection between the West Africans, the Mediterranean and the Scythians/Phoenicians of the Black Sea and Near-East regions, we can also find other elements of a Mediterranean people surviving in African lands after reviewing a particular history recorded on a Grecian vase. The François Vase is an artifact that provides strong evidence in support of Professor Dierk Lange’s assertion that a Mediterranean and Levantine culture survived in Sub-Saharan Africa.

francois vase kalydonian boar hunt

The historical event depicted on the Grecian François Vase, known as the Kalydonian Boar Hunt is mirrored on a mural inside a Thracian tomb.  The Thracian mural has a scene with a horse rider hunting a Boar with his dogs. The Greek Vase also depicts Scythian hunters slaying a boar with theirs dogs in a similar fashion. Could the ancient Thracians and the Greek Scythians have been a related people?

bulgaria scythian roman horse rider roman fresco horse rider lepis magna1 thracian horse rider calvary

The Scythian’s are indeed recorded in History on the paintings of the Greek François vase as allied hunters with ancient Greek Heros in the Kalydonian Boar hunt. We will find that the name of one of the Scythian archers will indubitably identify the Scythians as being Israelites from ancient Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. Moreover, we will discover that these ancient Israelites-Scythians depicted on the Greek vase were not just painted black but are known to have, in fact, actually been black or of the phenotype of what we would identify as Negro. As incredible as that may seem, let’s first examine the Greek Vase and some of the historical Scythian figures presented on it.

francois vase kalydonian boar hunt 1 scythians masters of hunting francois vase kalydonian boar hunt 2 francois vase kalydonian boar hunt 3 Greek Vases: Images, Contexts and Controversies; Proceedings of the Conference sponsored by The Center for the Ancient Mediterranean at Colombia Univeristy, 23-24 March 2002, edited by Clemente Marconi, Pg 14 François Vase francois vase kalydonian boar hunt cimmerians kimmerians kimerios samarians scythian israelites 1 The Image of the Artist in Archaic and Classical Greece: Art, Poetry, and Subjectivity, By Guy Hedreen, PG 192 kimerios and toxsamis scythian archers on archaic attic vases francois françois greek vase euthymachos scythian archer kimeros  The Image of the Artist in Archaic and Classical Greece: Art, Poetry, and Subjectivity, By Guy Hedreen, PG 192 scythian horses kimerios scythian archer attic francois vase archer scythian kimmerians herodotos scythians north of black seaherodotos cimmerian kimmerian land map scythians black sea regionmithradates1_map scythia map scythian north black sea territory

scythians_map
Compare the map ABOVE outlining the Scythian Black Sea territory in comparison to the map BELOW of the Cimmerian territory. Note the exact same territories for both peoples who are synonymous. Also be aware that the Cimmerians, who are a branch of the Scythians, are also the Kimmerians.
 The Inscriptions of Darius the Great at Behistûn
The Inscriptions of Darius the Great at Behistûn

cimmerians scythians map conan_of_cimmeria_by_genesischant cimmerian 2 conan cimmeria conan scythian cimmerian conan cimmeria 2 cimmerian ale cimmerian chopconan_the_cimmerian_by_buchemi-1 Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952, photographer Date Created/Published: c1900. Medium: 1 photographic print. Summary: Half-length portrait of a Native man, wearing headdress, facing front.2_kings_assyrian_empire_under_esarhaddonCimmeria2scythian archer artp.55.mt.ararat.mapKEY TO NORTHWEST EUROPEAN ORIGINS, By Raymond F. McNairurartuKEY TO NORTHWEST EUROPEAN ORIGINS, By Raymond F. McNairisrael gamera gimera kimmeroii kimerios cimmerians kimmerians scythians samariansIsraelite european migrations map

According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the name “Cimmerian” is synonymous with the Greek “Kimmerios” which is the name used to refer to the black skinned Kimmerians or Kymry that we previously mentioned.

online etymology dictionary cimmerian 1 Screen Shot 2016-03-09 at 12.20.19 PMonline etymology dictionary cimmerian 3kimmerios kimerios word arrow kimerios word Cimmerian Portrait

KIMEPIOS = KIMERIOS = KIMMERIANS/KYMRY

Kimmerios heading kimmerians cimmerian migration map The Measure of History: Sacred and Secular The Standard Scale of Chronology, By Charles Adiel Lewis Totten, PG 230 The Measure of History: Sacred and Secular The Standard Scale of Chronology, By Charles Adiel Lewis Totten, PG 230

Samaria northern israel's capital city
Notice the city Scythopolis, now known as Bethshan or Beit Shean, in the top right corner of the map above. Scythopolis was a city founded by retired Scythian mercenaries and veterans of the army of Alexander the Greek. The Scythians were wandering Israelites, primarily from the Ten Northern Tribes.

The Black Hebrews and the Black Christ, Volume 2, By Aylmer von Fleische, Contentssamaria foi edificada por onri rei de israel 885 aC BC

map_samaria
Scythopolis (Beth-Shean) the city of Scythians, in northern Israel

According to Gerald Massey, the English poet, Assyriologist and Egyptologist,

gerald-masseyA Book of the Beginnings, By Gerald Massey, PG 455

A Book of the Beginnings, By Gerald Massey, PG 447
A Book of the Beginnings, By Gerald Massey, PG 447

yoruba bronze heads pointed conical hatcimmerians

Hunt of Meleager and Peleus Calydonian boar, hunters and Scythian archer, detail from the Francois vase, Attic volute crater, 570 BC-560 BC, by the potter Ergotimos (active ca 575 BC-ca 569 BC), decoration by Kleitias (active ca 575 BC-ca 560 BC), black-figure pottery, height 66 cm, diameter 57 cm. Greek civilisation, 6th century BC.|Florence, Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Archaeological Museum)hyperboreans same as cimmerians kimmerians samariansHYPERBOREAhyperborean map beyond the north windhyborian risknative america tribe of gad israelite scythian baal bull bison buffalo horned head dress hyperboreanscythians same family as thracepindar scythians hyperboreans same as atlantians and amazonias of africa islands of the blest divine racehyperborean hiber hibiri ibiri hebrews hibernia iberia iberians scythae scuthae scythiansfather georgi tibetans southern scythe scythianscolchi colchians black wooly haired scythians egyptians

Jason_Pelias_Louvre
The Golden fleece of Jason and the Argonauts was located in Colchis, a land of the Black Scythians

The Towers and Temples of Ancient Ireland, By Marcus KEANE, PG 223-224 herodotus the scythae and colchians were very dark complexion

The Towers and Temples of Ancient Ireland, By Marcus KEANE, PG 223-224
The Towers and Temples of Ancient Ireland, By Marcus KEANE, PG 223-224

scythians were actually blackblack scythian cimmerian kimmerian kimerios archerGreek Vases: Images, Contexts and Controversies; Proceedings of the Conference sponsored by the Center for the Ancient Mediterranean at the Colombia University, 23-24 March 2002, edited by Clemente Marconi, PG 15

Benin Bronze Warrior wearing the Scythian Hat
Benin Bronze Warrior wearing the Scythian Hat

a tight fitting pointed or curled cap with long cheek flapsyoruba nigerian benin bronze scythian figure pointed cap side flapsthe pointed hat of the cimmerians kimmerians kimerios allow one to recognize them as skythians

The Scythian archers on the image ABOVE taken from the Greek François Vase are depicted wearing their characteristic hat. In like manner, the image BELOW, an iron casting of Idia Iyoba, also depicts her wearing a headdress very similar to the characteristic Scythian hat; a tight-fitted pointed cap with long cheek flaps.
The Scythian archers on the image ABOVE taken from the Greek François Vase are depicted wearing their characteristic hat. In like manner, the image BELOW, an iron casting of Idia Iyoba, also depicts her wearing a headdress very similar to the characteristic Scythian hat; a tight-fitted pointed cap with long cheek flaps.

yoruba scythian pointed hat side flaps

There is more evidence among the West Africans that can support their connection and association with the Mediterranean and Levant by way of the Israelites, Scythians and (or) the Phoenicians. The aforementioned peoples and their migrations have all been associated with the triskelion/triquetra symbol but there is another related symbol that is also indicative of these people — Solomon’s Knot.

Solomon's Knot
Solomon’s Knot

Solomon’s Knot is clearly named after Solomon the wise Israelite King but it is also related to the perhaps more familiar symbol, the Swastika. The Swastika is found all over the world, throughout the nations that the wandering Israelites were scattered amongst.

solomons knot squaring the circle and the square the circle and square

swastika

Swastika world map The Ancient Secret of the Swastika
The Ancient Secret of the Swastika – PHOTO by Richard Cassaro, author of Written In Stone

map_Swastikawhat the swastika really isswastika negro

The Swatstika symbol is found throughout the world in the areas where the Israelite-Scythians and Phœnicians travelled; just as the triskelion is. We can clearly find the symbol amongst the Benin/Nigerian Oba Rulers of West Africa, who we have just previously identified to have strong relations with the Scythian Cimmerians (Samarians of Northern Israel) and the militant Royal Scythians of Syria.

Enclopedia Iranica Volume 5 Pg 768 Royal Scythians red and gold military aristocracy colors warriors costumeafricandemocracy red gold outfit papacy papal colors catholic

Ocala solomons knot scythian yoruba nigerian benin oba clothing
Obi Igwe Laud at the Nigerian Ofala Nnewi Festival. Also notice the symbol on his shirt, known as the “Endless Knot” or “Solomon’s Knot” with a square behind it.

solomons knot yoruba ova clothing endless knot

oba igwe
ABOVE: Notice Obi Igwe is dressed in the gold and red colors characteristic of the Royal Scythians also has a symbol known as “Solomon’s Knot” on his garment.

solomons knot comparisonsolomons knot yoruba scythians israelites samarias assyrianssolomons knot cross four square swastika endless knotOlashore bro

Yoruba Babalawo priest’s diviners necklace or Odigba Ifá.
Yoruba Babalawo priest’s diviners necklace or Odigba Ifá.

solomons knot beaded crown yorubacelestial cross four corners solomon knot

Solomon’s Knot on the fila cap
Solomon’s Knot on the fila cap

buddhist hindu vajra solomons knotthe-symbol-of-the-swastika-and-its-12000-year-old-historyswastika hidan vortex north starSwastika Flyfot solomons knot pattern Labyrinthjapan-temple-swastika Aquileia,_Basilica._Foto_Giovanni_Dall'Orto solomons knot

Solomon’s knot in the center of a decorative configuration of four curving arcs is known as a “pelta-swastika” (where pelta is Latin for “shield”)” – Solomon’s Knot, Wikipedia

Swastika San JuanLauburulauburu title

lauburu_tao_anim

The Lauburu is another symbol that has clear associations with the “pelta-swastika” also known as Solomon’s knot. The Lauburu symbol also is connected to the Scythians, who were Israelites, just as Solomon’s Knot is received it’s named from a king of the Israelites. The Lauburu is associated with the Gaels who are associated with the Scots, Irish and Celts. The Gaels are also related to the Kymry, who we have previously identified as the Kimmeroi/Kimmerians or the Israelite Samarians from Samaria (the capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel). Again, it should be noted that the original Gaels were a branch of these Israelite-Kimmerians, referred to as Kymry/Cymry.

Other ethnonyms prominently associated with the Gaels historically have included Irish and Scots, but the scope of those nationalities is today more complex.”- Gaels, Wikipedia

gaelsA Book of the Beginnings, By Gerald Massey, PG 479king kenneth dubh black celt gaelThe Biblical Prophets for Today, By Keith Malcolm Hunt, PG 16

The Romans began to use the term Scoti to describe the Gaels in the Latin language from the 4th century onwards… Although the Dál Riata settled in Argyll in the 6th century, the term “Scots” did not just apply to them, but to Gaels in general… Germanic groups tended to refer to the Gael as “Scottas and so when Anglo-Saxon influence grew at court with Duncan II, the Latin Rex Scottorum began to be used and the realm was known as Scotland; this process and cultural shift was put into full effect under David I, who let the Normans come to power and furthered the Lowland-Highland divide.” – Gaels

scotland coat of arms red lion judah zarah

 “Clan Borthwick is a Scottish clan”
“Clan Borthwick is a Scottish clan”

borthwick clan crestClans & Tartans, by ‪George Way‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‪, Romilly Squire‬, PG 50Borthwick banner

Beyond clan Borthwick, it is interesting to encounter other “Black” or dark-skinned Scottish people. It is of further interest to encounter historical evidence supporting the assertion that King James VI and I, the same king responsible for the King James Bible was also a “Black” or dark-complexioned man, descended from the black complexioned kymry gaels, whom the Romans referred to as Scoti. Moreover, the Kymry Gaels are the same as the Kimmerians, whom we have just previously identified as Scythian and Israelites, provides evidence in support of the claim of a “Black”/dark complexioned Israelite ethnic background for King James VI & I, also described to as “Jacobean”.

Royal Subjects: Essays on the Writings of James VI and I By Daniel Fischlin, Mark Fortier, PG 421Royal Subjects: Essays on the Writings of James VI and I By Daniel Fischlin, Mark Fortier, PG 421Royal Subjects: Essays on the Writings of James VI and I By Daniel Fischlin, Mark Fortier, PG 421

black king james israelite judah
King James appears to have been an Israelite from the tribe of Judah (Zarah lineage) by way of the Milesian Scythian Kymry Gaels whom the Romans called “Scotii”

MI-Abaga-King-James

What evidence exist that King James had claims of a Black Hebrew Israelite background? Outside of the Black Scottish clan Borthwick we find another dark skinned family in Scotland known as Douglas of to whom King James was related. In particular King James was related to Sir James Douglas (also known as Good Sir James and the Black Douglas) (c. 1286 – 1330) was a Scottish knight and feudal lord. He was one of the chief commanders during the Wars of Scottish Independence.

St_Bride's_Church_Douglas_-_The_Good_Sir_James
St Bride’s Church, Douglas (Scotland) – effigy of The Good Sir James Douglas

sir james douglas the black killed in spain

James_Douglas_-_memorial_plaque_in_Teba,_Andalucia
Sir James Douglas’ memorial plaque in Teba,_Andalucia
DOUGLAS fake white
Although modern paintings and renditions of the James Douglas depict him to be white, historical records clearly determine Douglas “the Black” to have actually been black skinned

The Bruce, Or, The Book of the Most Excellent and Noble Prince, Robert de Broyss, King of Scots, edited by Walter William Skeat, PG 280 The Bruce, Or, The Book of the Most Excellent and Noble Prince, Robert de Broyss, King of Scots, edited by Walter William Skeat, PG 280Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1

 

doug_armsthe ancient privilege of the douglasesPennon_of_James_Douglas,_Earl_of_Moray_from_Otterburn_001Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, PG 214Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, PG 214Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, PG 215 Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, PG 215 Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, PG 215annandale Devil's_Beef_Tub_Moffat_Hills Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1, PG 215

King James VI & I was related to the Douglas family by way of the aforementioned James Douglas “the Black”. James Douglas’ mother, Elizabeth Stewart, was of the daughter of Alexander Stewart how is said to be the direct patrilineal ancestor of King James. James Douglas the Black and King James shared the same ancestor, Alexander Stewart.

His [James Douglas “the Black”] mother was Elizabeth Stewart, the daughter of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland, who died circa 1287 or early 1288.” – James Douglas, Lord of Douglas

Alexander Stewart (1214–1283), also known as Alexander of Dundonald, was 4th hereditary High Steward of Scotland from his father’s death in 1246… He was the principal commander under King Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs, on 2 October 1263, when the Scots defeated the Norwegians under Haakon IV… The identity of Alexander’s wife is uncertain… Through their second son John, they were the direct ancestors in the male line of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and of the Stuart monarchs of Scotland and England from Darnley’s son James VI and I onwards” – Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland

black swarthy king james vi and i

More support of the assertion that King James was Black can be found in the description of his grandson King Charles II during the Rye House Plot. Charles II is describes as being so swarthy that he was also referred to as “the Black Bird”.

” The Rye House Plot of 1683 was a plan to assassinate King Charles II of England and his brother (and heir to the throne) James, Duke of York. Historians vary in their assessment of the degree to which details of the conspiracy were finalised. Whatever the state of the assassination plot, plans to mount a rebellion against the Stuart monarchy were being entertained by some opposition leaders in England…” – Rye House Plot

house of stuart headerThe House of Stuart, PG 262the house of stuart the two black crows charles II house of stuart stewart Dumbo black magpies negroes black birds

It is also very interesting to see another the connection between Scythians and the Kymry Gaels or Scotti. The Kymry Scythians of who the Gaelic Scots were a branch of, were known for their skill as archers. During the Wars of Scottish Independence during the late 13th and early 14th century, an important weapon was introduced that won many decisive victories for the Scots – The Long Bow.

Geoffrey_luttrell_psalter_1325_longbowmenBMedieval-Archery

At the end of both wars, Scotland retained its status as an independent nation. The wars were important for other reasons, such as the emergence of the longbow as a key weapon in medieval warfare. – Wars of Scottish Independence

Entrainement des archers gallois Training Welsh archers 1nigger head archer medieval long bow judah zarah scythiansEntrainement des archers gallois Training Welsh archers 2nigger head black head moors head archer scythian israelite judah zarah long bow medievalteach judah the bow jasher scythianWild Men and Moors archers moors head black heads nigger head long bow medieval 1400

After the rulership and subsequent discomfiture of the noble Douglas family, the close kin of the Stewart family and King James, it would seem that the Holy Bible he produced, which originally contained 80 books (66 books in the Modern King James + 14 Apocryphal book), was an effort to preserve the wisdom of the Black Scythian/Israelite nobility for future generations to have a record of the truth. “White” Europeans had been moving westward, conquering from eastern Europe by way of the Papal Rome. About a century before the publishing of the original King James Version Holy Bible in 1611, Rodrigo Borgia presided as Pope during the exploits of Christopher Columbus (1492) and died in 1503. Alexandre Dumas stated that paintings of the image of Christ since that time had been based on Rodrigo’s son, Cesare Borgia. Within that century the Moors of Europe had almost been completely expelled from rulership in Europe, especially in Spain, as well as the last vestiges of Moorish rulership in Scotland who had turned from nobility into gypsies and “thieves”.

Wild_Men_and_Moors_(Detail_09_of_12)
Wild Men and Moors tapestry weave, circa 1400 AD. Note the depiction of Blacks/Moors defending the Black King and Queen inside of the castle from oncoming giant White European “Widman”. The discomfiture of Black European nobility changed the royalty into gypsies and some eventually became slaves in the the trans-atlantic trade.

‚black king and queen european wild men and the moors tapestry weave

King James seems to also have been a remnant of the last vestige of Black nobility with the power to preserve an accurate translation of the ancient records of his ancestors being that an opposing English group had already tried to assassinate him during the compilation of the Bible as well as the aforementioned Rye House assassination attempt on his grandson’s to oust the House of Stuart from rulership. We will go into more detail about the King James topic in a separate article but let us continue to review further evidence that the early people of Scotland were indeed dark-skinned people. The word Scotland itself  etymologically seems to denote and land of blacks.

Scoti or Scotti was a name used by Late Roman authors to describe the Gaels… More recently, Philip Freeman has speculated on the likelihood of a group of raiders adopting a name from an Indo-European root, *skot, citing the parallel in Greek skotos (σκότος), meaning “darkness, gloom”… ” – Scoti, Wikipedia

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The Greek word Skotos, meaning ‘darkness’, seems to be indicative of the appearance of the original people of that land. Just as the Negroes of Negroland, the Scots of Scotland were also a black/dark people and the land was named after their eponym. Further support for this affirmation can be found in the Irish and Scottish traditional histories, which both state that the original Scots were partially Egyptian.

Scotia-Daughter-Of-An-EgyptianscotiabestDeclaration of Arbroath Hebrew Israelites Scotlandscottish from scythia scythians from spainmilesius_journey_to_irelandscottish declaration of independence connects scots to israelscottish declaration of independence connects scots to israel and scythia scythiansisraelite migrations in europe before christ BC antes de christo aCscythians israelites britain ireland scotland 1scythians israelites britain ireland scotland 2scythians israelites britain ireland scotland 3scythians israelites britain ireland scotland 4four leaf clover solomons knotThe Black Hebrews and the Black Christ, Volume 2, By Aylmer von Fleische, Contentsflogging_molly_irish_flag_by_xxxpainxxx

It is also worth noting that eponymous characters were created in medieval Irish pseudo-histories: Scota, described as an Egyptian princess, and her husband Goídel Glas… In their own national epic contained within medieval works such as the Lebor Gabála Érenn, the Gaels trace the origin of their people to an eponymous ancestor named Goídel Glas. He is described as a Scythian prince (the grandson of Fénius Farsaid), who is credited within creating the Gaelic languages. Goídel’s mother is called Scota, described as an Egyptian princess (some modern writers associate her with Meritaten). The Gaels are depicted as wandering from place to place for hundreds of years; they spend time in Egypt, Crete, Scythia, the Caspian Sea and Getulia, before arriving in Iberia. It is here that their king, Breogán, is said to have founded Galicia. The Gaels are then said to have sailed to Ireland via Galicia in the form of the Milesians, sons of Míl Espáine. The Gaels fight a battle of sorcery with the Tuatha Dé Danann, the gods, who inhabited Ireland at the time… ” – Gaels, Wikipedia,

In regards to Scota’s husband Goidel Glas the Scythian Prince, it should also be noted that he is also known as Míl Espaíne (the Irish version of the Latin Miles Hispaniae, meaning “Soldier of Hispania”). Before Arriving in Spain, he is recorded to have been a soldier in Scythia and Egypt before settling in Iberia. He is the mythical ancestor of “Son’s of Mil” or Milesians. He also would appear to be a descendant of the tribe Judah-Zarah, which, if true, would make provide clear evidence for Israelite origin of both the Milesians and a branch of the Scythians.

zarahites iberians milesians scotti zarah judahlion-rampant-of-scotland zarah judahA System of Ancient and Mediaeval Geography for the Use of Schools and Colleges, By Charles Anthon, PG 707milesian scots from zarah judahsymbols-of-judah zarah red lion red handHiding Israel, By Shane Turley, PG 67northern ireland red hand zarah judahnorthern_ireland_flag_crestJudah's Sceptre and Joseph's Birthright: An Analysis of the Prophecies of Scripture in Regard to the Royal Family of Judah and the Many Nations of Israel, By John Harden Allen, PG 303

Realities of Irish Life, By William Steuart Trench, PG 366

Realities of Irish Life, By William Steuart Trench, PG 366
Realities of Irish Life, By William Steuart Trench, PG 366

red hand of ulster 1red hand of ulster 2re hand of zarah ulster scarlet threadFlag_of_Northern_IrelandThe Irish Identity of the Kingdom of the Scots, By Dauvit Broun, PG 119The Irish Identity of the Kingdom of the Scots, By Dauvit Broun, PG 119The Irish Identity of the Kingdom of the Scots, By Dauvit Broun, PG 119Coat_of_Arms_of_Northern_Irelandchalcol descendant of zarah judah colonized ulster irelandmilesians also of greek heritage but from tribe of judah zarahcalcol chalcol ireland hibernia moors irelandblack irish

History of Ireland

Ireland and her people; a library of Irish biography, edited by Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald, PG 676Ireland and her people; a library of Irish biography, edited by Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald, PG 676Israel and SyriaIreland and her people; a library of Irish biography, edited by Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald, PG 676Ireland and her people; a library of Irish biography, edited by Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald, PG 676

Ireland and her people; a library of Irish biography, edited by Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald, PG 676
Ireland and her people; a library of Irish biography, edited by Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald, PG 676

2_kings_israel_syria mapancient palestine phoenicia and syria 1200 to 586 BCsyria palestine israel combined territory mapThe Romance of History: Lost Israel Found, By Charles Adiel Lewis Totten, PG 200large and important nation of black scythians

milesian colonization of europe zarah judah descendants left egypt to miletus asia minor turkey greece italy and spain before traveling to ireland scotland england
The Milesians were the inhabitants of Miletus, an ancient Greek city in Anatolia, modern-day Turkey, near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and at the mouth of the Meander River. Settlers from Crete moved to Miletus sometime in 16th century BC.

That’s base don the latter forms of the myth, oriognal the Milesians where called that cause they came from the Greek city of Miletus (Which had a mixed Population including Phonecians and Scythians) and the Milesian invasion was origonaly dated to 504 B.C. Herdotus does record many Milesians planning to flee the city due to it’s inevitable fall to Persia at this very time.” – Milesians Irish, Wikipedia

miletus asia minor zarah judah troy

By the 6th century BC, Miletus had become a maritime empire, and the Milesians spread out across Anatolia and even as far as the Crimea and Olbia, Ukraine, founding new colonies.” – List of Ancient Milesians, Wikipedia

Hear, O Israel!: Woman and the Spiritual Seed of Israel, By Mary Beecher Longyear, PG 41Hear, O Israel!: Woman and the Spiritual Seed of Israel, By Mary Beecher Longyear, PG 41milesian colonization map

In the Irish myths Milesius was a Scythian nobel whose ancestors were born in Scythia, the island of Gotland, Northern Spain, Thrace and Egypt. In the accounts of writers like Keating, O’Hart and other pedigree writers of their time they all have the same accounts .The notion that an Aristocratic Scythian tribe are the progenitors of a entire society, a group of Scythians from Northern Spain and from the island of Gotland. The myth does not hold when tested by science and historical facts. Still many still do believe they descend from the Milesians.” 

of this zerah came the milesian lineagescythians from spain were known as milesianshebrew israelites scythian migration mapjewish scottish israelite hebrew ancient heritagewhen scotland was jewishscottish rampant lionbasque and catalans of spain are original celtsbasque spain flagbasque-country spain

basque language kinship with aryan and semitic shemitic middle east
The Basque language has been found to be related to Aryan and Semitic languages. The Scythians, also known as Aryans, who have been identified as Shemitic/Semitic Hebrew Israelites are the source of the kinship between the Basque, Aryan & Semitic tongues

euskal herriaspain basque flagsbasque endless knot foundation knotbasque country euskal hernialauburu basque cross

Among other names currently in use [for the Lauburu] are the following: “Foundation Knot” applies to the interweaving or interlacing which is the basis for many elaborate Celtic designs, and is used in the United States in crochet and macramé patterns.

Screen Shot 2016-06-04 at 9.27.59 AM
The Celtic design ABOVE can be compared to the knot design on the walls of the Nigerian Oba’s house BELOW, as well as the design on the two combs from the Edo people of Nigeria.

african scythian celtic knot endless knot solomon knot comb chiefs house yorubaknot design on hem of garment solomons knot celtic knot swastika

Imbolo” describes the knot design on the textiles of the Kuba people of Congo.” – Solomon’s Knot, Wikipedia

The fact that both the Celtic and Congolese knot designs are related to Solomon’s Knot, as well as the fact that the name of the Knot “sigillum Salomonis” (seal of Solomon) being derived from an ancient Israelite King seem to be indicative of the Mesopotamian origins of the symbol.

kuba congo people imbolo solomon's knot kuba-cloth-header kubaclothccwoodycollinsatncsaTessuto Kuba Shoowa people, D.R. Congo, Early 20th Century, Raffia palm fiber, stem stitch and cut-pile embroidery, FAR, Museo Studio del Tessuto, Comokuba people congo swastika cloth designswastika mandala

kuba congolese scythian swastika cloth solomon's knot gold arm band bracelet endless knot
Notice the Solomon’s Knot symbol engraved in the gold arm band worn by the Congolese ruler
Beaded Mask (Mukyeem) from the Bushoong People -Kuba-Republic of Congo People
Compare the Beaded Mask (Mukyeem) from the Kuba Bushing People of Congo to the depiction of modern Basque (BELOW) in traditional clothing.
Weiditz_Trachtenbuch_ basque
Also compare the Basque Celtic knot design (BELOW) to the knot and cross design of the Kuba people

basque celtic knot cross swastika mongo african pythagoraskuba-cloth mongo pythagorean triangle

Mathematician Donald Crowe has analyzed, in particular, the two-dimensional designs of Benin, Yoruba and Kuba arts and has shown the extent of the Africans’ explorations into the formal possibilities of geometric variation. In their art, the Kuba have developed all the geometric possibilities of repetitive variations of border patterns, and of the seventeen ways that a design can be repetitively varied on a surface, the Kuba have exploited twelve. – Kuba Textiles

African Pythogoras: A Study in Culture and Mathematics Education By Paulus Gerdes, PG 55-5 African Pythogoras: A Study in Culture and Mathematics Education By Paulus Gerdes, PG 55-5

African Pythogoras: A Study in Culture and Mathematics Education By Paulus Gerdes, PG 55-5 African Pythogoras: A Study in Culture and Mathematics Education By Paulus Gerdes, PG 55-5African Pythogoras: A Study in Culture and Mathematics Education By Paulus Gerdes, PG 55-5 African Pythogoras: A Study in Culture and Mathematics Education By Paulus Gerdes, PG 55-5

In regards to the Congolese Kuba peoples’ “Elephants’ Defense” design and its association with the Pythagorean Theory, it is very interesting to note the origin of the mathematical ideas that produced such designs. In our efforts to prove the connection between the historical nomadic Scythian peoples and the ancient Hebrew Israelites that were scattered into all kingdoms of the earth, we have followed some branches of these Israelites-Scythians into Sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, we have already proven that the BANTU BRANCH OF AFRICAN PEOPLE in WEST and EAST AFRICA are indeed descendants of Hebrew Israelites. This is an important fact to know and fundamental in order to understand the association between the Congolese Africans and the Pythagorean mathematical principles encoded in their design. These “pythagorean” mathematical principles encoded within the artistic designs of the dispersed Israelite Scythians is indicative of their awareness of the idea of metempsychosis or the transmigration of souls.

metempsychosisphi 2d psi 3d infinity

A simplified explanation is that the pythagorean symbols encode the idea of “infinity” and that life and energy continue on indefinitely; even after death. This also means that they were aware of the existence of alternate dimensions/realms beyond normal human sensual perception and they devised various methods to commune with the realms of infinity by way divinatory systems (some of which utilized pythogrean mathematical principles). This idea is connected to the idea of SQUARING THE CIRCLE/COMPASS.

pythagoras-squares pythagoras-abc fractal pythagorean squares theorem Anne Griswold Tyng, “Form finds Symmetry in Geometry,” in Zodiac 19, 1969 (also used by Jain108 to illustrate "Cubes of Phi Forming the Ram's Horn") fractal phi golden mean infinity shellinfinity portal

solomons knot vajra endless knot four corners foundation knotSS SWASTIKA Solar System solomons knot galaxy universe solomons knot yoruba scythians assyria red gold kuba engravingsafrican pythagorean theorem african pythagorean theorem elephants defense mongo

It should again be stated that the ancient tribes of Northern Israel and the “Jews” of the southern kingdom of Judah have many descendants that can be found amongst the populations of Sub-Saharan Africans; including the Kuba Peoples of Congo.  It is no wonder that these Israelites/Jews are familiar with Pythagorean mathematical principles because historians such as Jospehus as well as modern academic Scholars revealed that certain branches of the ancient Israelites could be considered as Pythagoreans themselves.

ancient-essences israelites jews The Lost Religion of Jesus: Simple Living and Nonviolence in Early Christianity, By Keith Akers, PG 39 pythagoras the soul is immortal

Pythagoras, was a Greek and we know that the knowledge of the Greeks was primarily a product of Hyksos-Israelites Egyptians and Phoenicians who educated the ancient Greeks (i.e. Cadmus and the Alphabet, Cercrops founding Athens, etc.. Some wisdom of the latter Greeks can perhaps be credited to the actual Hamitic Mizraim Egyptians, such as in the case of the Athenian Solon and is journey to Egypt to find solutions to Grecian proplems, however, we have also discovered that the WISDOM OF THE EGYPTIANS that the Greeks inherited were actually a product of Abraham instructing the ancient Egyptian priesthood in the understanding of Astrology and Babylonian mathematics, being that Abraham was from Ur of the Chaldea/Babylon. Therefore it is of no surprise to find the same mathematical principles credited to the Greek Pythagoras, to have origins in ancient Babylon.

babylonian geometry pythagorean theorem arabic moorish elephants defense swastika swastika yin yang

It is also very interesting to note the similarity, not only between the Celtic Foundation Knot and the African Congolese “Elephants’ Defense” design, but also between the African Elephants Defense and the Hindu Swastika.

The Heart of Hinduism: The Eastern Path to Freedom, Empowerment, and Illumination, By Stephen Knapp, PG 184 The Heart of Hinduism: The Eastern Path to Freedom, Empowerment, and Illumination, By Stephen Knapp, PG 184

The Swastika is commonly called Om-Ganesh and is used in Ganesha's ceremony of worship or puja.
The Swastika is commonly called Om-Ganesh and is used in Ganesha’s ceremony of worship or puja.

ganesh swastika

The Hindu god Ganesh and his association with the Swastika are also related to the ancient Buddhists. The Scythians that entered into the continent of Africa also colonized Asia and Europe, introducing the Swastika and the religious philosophy behind it, into every country they travelled to.

african israelite buddhist-priest

oshun ceremonial fan
The ceremonial fan of the goddess Oshun of Ifá and Yoruba religions is comparable to the Buddhist ceremonial fans. The original Buddhists were descendants of the same Israelite Scythians that were also the progenitors of the Scythian branch that migrated into Africa.

buddhist ceremonial fanbuddhist fan oshun

ji gong scythian buddhist
The Chinese cultural folk hero, minor folk diety and Buddhist monk, Ji Gong (济公) the “Chan Master Daoji”, is often depicted holding a fan and wearing a conical Scythian-like hat with the Chinese character Fo (佛), meaning “Buddha”. His appearance matches that of the Negro Scythians found in West Africa that also use the fan of Oshun. 

ji gong fan feathered sojobo leaf feather fan

A statue of Ji Gong in the Beiyi Sanchifu (北邑三池府) temple in Taishan District, New Taipei City, Taiwan
The hat worn by the Buddhist Ji Gong is indeed a Scythian hat. We have already identified the original Buddhists to have been Israelite-Scythians and we can see the Tibetan Buddhist priest BELOW also wearing the Scythian hat.

tibetan scythiansthibetans tibetans descended from scythescythians israelites migration route african sahel arabia afghanistan india trade routes

Scythians black turks anatolians phoenicians red and gold tibetans thibetans
The “Last Judgement” fresco of the Voronets Monastery in Romania depicts Black Jews wearing pointed hats. The are also wearing the same red and yellow that we find on the Tibet Buddhist monks BELOW

tibet_dalai_lama scythian sabaziosthibetans tibetans scythians tibetan scythians red gold pointed hat side flaps

The Tibets also wear another hat that connects them to the Scythians of Nigeria.

tibetan yoruba west african hat comparison

mongolian trident hat
The Mongolians are associated to the Tibetans and Africans by way of the Scythians. The trident like hat of three points is almost identical to that of the Tibetans and West Africans

nigerian tibetan hatmongolian tibetan thibetan three pointed hatwest african three pointed hat mongolian tibetanJonathan-32Chinese-Bronze-gilt-Monk-Arhat-JiGong-happy-Buddha-Fan-gourd-seat-chair-StatueThai_Buddhist_monk_fan

Returning back to the Swastika symbols found among the Scythian peoples we have identified from European, African and Asiatic backgrounds, we find that this symbol was indicative of Solar and fertility worship. The Scythians and their related branches were known to be Solar Baal worshippers and often used the Swastika (or similar symbols) as their emblem.

scythian cimmerian kimmerian axe swastika
Ax of Kimmerian culture (Aryana~Aratta) baring the Swastika design

Life Symbols as Related to Sex Symbolism, By Elizabeth Edwards Goldsmith, PG 235swastika yin yang hegelianKIONAS-EPSILON pillar yin yang swastika encoded design swastika all cultures religions celestial cross galactic leyline symbolhidan vortex egyptian dat underworld portalswastika border Life Symbols as Related to Sex Symbolism: A Brief Study Into the Origin and Significance of Certain Symbols, By Elizabeth Edwards Goldsmith, PG 236 Life Symbols as Related to Sex Symbolism: A Brief Study Into the Origin and Significance of Certain Symbols, By Elizabeth Edwards Goldsmith, PG 236 asia_hirosaki_municipality_triquetra swastika triquetra swastika connection isle of man trojan roman solomon knots basque lauburu flag Scota, Egyptian Queen of the Scots: The legendary royal founder of Scotland, By Ralph Ellis, PG 197 Scota, Egyptian Queen of the Scots: The legendary royal founder of Scotland, By Ralph Ellis, PG 197

Sugaar, the Basque serpent god of storms.
Sugaar, the Basque serpent god of storms.

lauburu euskal herria

the-benin-ugie-carnival-logo
The Nigerian Ugie carnival dancers wear outfits very similar to the Basque Ioaldunak dancers of Spain/France BELOW who represent ancient giant Moors of Iberia know as the “Mairu”.

Nigerian Ugie-Carnival-Dancers brownies moors mairuthe_brownies

Ioaldunak basque moors mairu
Basque Ioaldunak dancers of Navarre France/Spain.

The Nigerian Ugie Carnival dancers are descendants of the same people who became known in European mythology as “Brownies,” Moors, or by the Basque as Mairu.

Mairu (plural: mairuak), also called Maideak, Mairiak, Saindi Maidi (in Lower Navarre), Intxisu in the Bidasoa valley are creatures of Basque mythology. They were giants who built dolmens or harrespil. Like the dolmens, they are only found in mountains. They are often associated with lamia, though these are known in all the Basque Country. Mairu means “moor” in Basque… The origin of the Mairu is thought to be as old as the “mouros encantados” in Portuguese (Spanish: moros encantados), who are thought to be the remnant of old pre-Roman deities.” – Mairu, Wikipedia

Stone circle amir moors megaliths mairu moors stone circles megalithsBlackamoor-Sweet-Stout-Labels-Hardys-Kimberley-Brewery-Ltd--Hansons-Ltd_57965-1

Legends also speak of many and abundant… mairuak (builders of the cromlechs or stone circles, literally Moors)” – Basques, Wikipedia

blackamoor moor is black man not arab

Ilkley_Moor_Swastika_Stone
Ilkley Moor Swastika Stone

swastika stone myth of babylonia and assyria by donald mackenzie

Donald Alexander Mackenzie (1873 – 2 March 1936) was a Scottish journalist and folklorist and a prolific writer on religion, mythology and anthropology in the early 20th century. He believed specifically that Buddhists colonized the globe in ancient antiquity and were responsible for spreading the swastika. In his Buddhism in Pre-Christian Britain (1928)’ he developed the theory that Buddhists were in Britain and Scandinavia long before the spread of Christianity.

migrr-h-1  The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250

The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250
The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250,

scythians yoruba persian

According to the previous map and history we’ve covered, a branch of the Israelite-Scythians from Persia migrated into Africa during ancient times. We can find many similarities between the Israelite Scythian fire worshipping nation and many different African nations with Israelite associations; the Yoruba of West Africa in particular.

yoruba scythian red gold

hajji firuz fire nation fire keeper scythians red gold worship
LFT: A Chief of Nigeria/Benin of Scythian-Assyrian compared to (RT) Haji Piruz the Persian/Zoroastrian fire-keeper.

hajji firuz fez red hat scythian

Earlier, it was mentioned, in the Wikipedia definition of the Jewish hat, that the pointed Jewish cap resembles the Phyrgian cap.

The Phrygian cap hat
The Phrygian cap

phgyians cap 2

Diola-1902 Boizot_-_Moi_libre_aussi_(man) scythians jewish phrygian cap awujale africa fila hat phrygian cap phrygian cap african

red copper phrygian cap nigeria africa yoruba
Headdress Red Phrygian cap with copper elements Kingdom of Benin, Nigeria

black phrygian smurf hat scythians 3-magi-coptic-textile phrygian cap africa 1 danny glover forest whitaker nigerian yoruba fica red phrygian cap scythians danny glover forest whitaker cheifancy scythian hat fila smurf cap phrygien phrygian cap africa 2african phrygians scythians hatemmanuel-uduaghaninfinity fila

The Jewish Pointed hat worn by the West Africans and the ancient Israelites connects us to the Phyrgian cap worn by the Scythian people who lived around the Blacks Sea and Balkans region of Eastern Europe. Identifying the Yoruba/West Africans as a branch of Israelite-Scythians allows us to associate them with the Scythians of the Balkans region who are also of ancient Israelite origin.
phrygian hat

The Phrygian cap is a soft conical cap with the top pulled forward, associated in antiquity with several peoples in Eastern Europe and Anatolia, including Phrygia, Dacia and the Balkans.” – Phyrgian Cap, Wikipedia

dariusmap490

The Achaemenid Persian Empire incorporated parts of the Balkans comprising Macedonia, Thrace, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea coastal region of Romania between the late 6th and the first half of the 5th-century BC into its territories.” – Balkans, Wikipedia

Within the Balkans region included in the ancient Persian Achaemenid Empire, if we return back to the location that we mentioned in the beginning of this article, Thracia, we can find a fresco containing a depiction of the Phygian cap being worn by ancient Israelite-Scythians.

Kazanlak_3

Notice the man in the far right of this picture wearing the Phrygian cap. Also note his skin tone in comparison to the man on the far left of this fresco wearing the Scythian hat.

Kazanlak_2

Greek representations of Thracians also regularly appear with Phrygian caps… Other Greek earthenware of antiquity also depict Amazons and so-called “Scythian” archers with Phrygian caps… The popular comic/cartoon characters The Smurfs are famous for their white Phrygian caps. Their leader, Papa Smurf, wears a red one.” – The Phrygian cap

phrygian cap smurf hat

The Smurfs cartoon characters seem to be based on the ancient Scythians of Europe. Their Phrygian caps are clearly indicative of their Scythian associations.

smurfs phrygian capblack smurf 1what color are the surfs blue blackblack blue smurfs 1black blue shaolinblack blue smurfs 2black smurfs and gnomes represent the black picti of ancient west europe

Moreover, based on our previous historical understanding of the Scythians, the black and blue appearances of the Smurfs seem to be indicative, not of the black plague, but rather the black Scythian peoples that conquered different areas of Europe. Many of the Scythians entered into Europe from Eastern lands as well as the Levant but many other Scythians, who had already migrated into African lands, travelled from Africa into southern Mediterranean countries before migrating deeper into Europe. These Africa Scythians, who originally came from ancient Assyrian territories and Northern Israel, also wore the Phrygian cap like the Smurfs. papa smurf 1papa smurf west africa elder fila capCreepy_Papa_Smurf_Faceafrican phrygian surf hatafrican surf hatAtaoja Adenle & Ulli Beier, Osogbo Palace, Early 1960sblack african smurf pictsblack smurf pictsisraelite migration map

The story of the Scythians is much to broad to cover in its entirety in this article I hope we have clearly demonstrated the connection between the Israelites and the Scythians. More specifically I hope the connection between the northern tribes of the House of Israel (also known as the “Lost Tribes”) and the Scythians can be seen through the research previously presented. The Israelites, known to history under the byword of Scythians, travelled all over the Old World and even migrated into the New World. We will cover the connection between the Scythians and the tribe of Dan as well as the travels of the Scythian-Israelites into specific areas of the earth such as Japan.

marijuana-cave kofun japan
Interesting to note that the Scythian not only traveled to Japan but they were also the biggest importers of Cannabis in all the countries they travelled to. ABOVE is a picture of a Kofun in Japan showing Scythians and Cannabis leaves

indica-vs-sativa cannabis maps scythian cannabis weed marijuana african scythian cannabis weed marijuana Ndatté Yalla was Queen of the Kingdom of Waalo, a Kingdom located where is now the Republic of Senegal

The information presented in this article should also have provided both textual and visual evidence in support of the research of Professor Dierk Lange. yoruba israelite battle of carchemish migration mapAfrican Zion: Studies in Black Judaism, edited by Edith Bruder, Tudor Parfitt, PG 168,west african scythians archers calvaryAncient Kingdoms of West Africa: African-centred and Canaanite-Israelite Perspectives, By Dierk Lange, PG 239Ancient Kingdoms of West Africa: African-centred and Canaanite-Israelite Perspectives, By Dierk Lange, PG 239

assyria syria phoenicia palestine israel
Assyria (which included the land of Israel) and Egypt were invaded by Babylon during the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC.

Professor Dierk’s conclusions that the Yoruba and other related peoples of West Africa were in fact Israelite captives and mercenaries of the Assyrian empire during the Battle of Carchemish in circa 605 BC (the time of Jeremiah the prophet and his contemporaries).   battle of carchemish the fall of the assyrian empirebattle of carchmish babylonian invasion map

The Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC provided and opportunity for the Israelites of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, as captives and mercenaries, to migrate into Egypt. During this time, Jeremiah prophesied against Egypt (Jeremiah 46, & 2 Chonicles 35:19-12), Assyria’s ally again Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon, stating that Egypt would be destroyed by Babylon and told the Israelites to go to Babylon rather than to Egypt where they would be killed. Of course, Jeremiah’s prophesy came true and Egypt was delivered into the hands of the Babylonians.

605 BC carchemish battle map

Thus, the conquest of the Babylonians in Egypt led to a further dispersal of Israelites deeper into the African continent where a particular branch would ultimately settle in West Africa/Negroland.

Israelite Jews jewish northern tribes exile refugee Migration Map from nile to niger west africa ashanti benin yoruba igbo battle of carchemish

The historical validity of the Oyo-Yoruba’s (an other related groups) connection with ancient Assyria makes it very interesting to find a cultural heritage website of Nigeria named “ASIRI” Magazine.

asiri nigerian cultural heritage magazine assyrian

The name “ASIRI” is actually a word used in reference of the ancient Assyrian captives, according to England’s Oxford University:

The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society‬, By Norval Morris, ‎David J. Rothman, PG 10The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society‬, By Norval Morris, ‎David J. Rothman, PG 10

Furthermore, according to the assyriologist Claude Hermann Walter John’s of Queen’s College, Cambridge University, these Bit Asiri captives were indeed Shemitic. The Shemite Near-East origins of the Bit Asiri supports the conclusion of their historic Israelite heritage.

Ancient Assyria, By Claude Hermann Walter Johns, PG 12Ancient Assyria, By Claude Hermann Walter Johns, PG 12ancient assyria israelite captives mercenaries scythiansasiri magazineasiri magazine logo

the most ancient name of syria was scythia

syria israel palestine near east canaan
The map ABOVE shows the territory of Syria overlapping Phœnicia and the northern half of Canaan

syria was ancient scythia

deuteronomy 26:5

scythians were actually blackAfrican_Arts UCLA magazine autumn 1997 black scythians yoruba benin nigeria

It therefore seems quite evident that the Biblical and secular histories both agree upon the ancient Israelite, Scythian and Assyrian origins of many West African people. Professor Lange’s research and the traditions of the Yoruba people themselves support the historical fact of their claim of an Israelite migration into West Africa by way of Egypt and perhaps also Saudi Arabia and Yemen, from the ancient Assyrian territories, which included the land of Canaan/Israel where other Israelite communities already existed (click EAST AFRICAN ISRAELITES).

Israelite Jews jewish northern tribes exile refugee Migration Map from nile to niger west africa ashanti benin yoruba igbo battle of carchemishhebrewisms of west africaIsraelites in africa migrations maphebrewisms of west africa ashanti levi israelites

Moreover, the research of Professor Lange also mentioned that associations have been made between the Yoruba of Nigeria West Africa and different ancient Mediterranean Israelite cultures.

dierk lange lost tribes of israel yoruba nigeria pdfdierk lange lost tribes of israel yoruba nigerians pdfisraelite land and sea migration routes map dierk lange

Although this topic was not addressed in detail in this article, adequate information has been present regarding the connection between the Yoruba and Mediterranean cultures; the Scythians/Kimmerians/Samarians in specific. The images and information previous covered supports Dierk’s assertion that, “a culture of the ancient world survived in Sub-Saharan Africa,” demonstrating West African historical relations with Greeks, Indo-European Scythians, Carthagians/Phoenicians and Israelites peoples.

grecian roman Nigeria benin swords
Vestiges of Mediterranean culture can be found among West African peoples, such as this ABOVE comparison of Greek Xiphos & Roman Gladius on the LEFT with the sword of a West Africa warrior depicted on a Benin Bronze plaque on the RIGHT.
Grecian Xiphos sword
Grecian Xiphos
A Crouching Black Greek Hoplite warrior using the Xiphos sword.
A Crouching Black Greek Hoplite warrior using the Xiphos sword.
roman gladius sword
Roman Gladius

benin bronze greek xiphos sword mediterranean connection

benin knightly sword the opia
Benin Empire’s knightly sword, the Opia. Notice that the craftsmanship of the Opia sword, found in West and Central Africa, is identical to that of the Roman Gladius and Greek Xiphos.

The origin of Iron working began in the Levant and was imported into the Mediterranean and Africa by the Phoenicians/Scythians/Israelites. The art of iron and steel working fueled the Bantu Expansion in Africa and the greater Israelite expansion, throughout the entire world.

origin of ironworking in levant map

Israelites in Africa produced steel 2000 years before it was ever produced in Europe
Israelites in Africa produced steel 2000 years before it was ever produced in Europe. Moreover, they produced it with all natural materials and a clay furnace. Image taken from Jet Magazine Dec 21, 1978, Page 56

The craftsmanship of the Scythian artifacts found all over the Old World are a tribute to their Near-East Israelite and Assyrian origins. Their ability to craft metals in an artistic fashion is clearly due to their long history of iron working and metallurgy.

opia sword gladius xiphos african scythian iron working syria assyrian damascus steelbantu_ironworking

Many of the descendants of these West African branch of Israelites were taken into the western hemisphere during captivity in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade of the 15th through 19th centuries as a result of the sins of their ancestors in their worship of Baal/Moloch/Orixás and their practice of Vodoun/Voodoo and other forms of witchcraft and divinations. As a result they are scattered throughout the America’s and Caribbean Islands, largely unaware of their history or scattered ancestral relatives worldwide. The majority of West Africans, and the people of the world in general, are completely unaware of their most ancient cultural heritage as descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel—the people of the Book/Bible.

“The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point of a diamond: it is graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars; Whilst their children remember their altars and their groves by the green trees upon the high hills. O my mountain in the field, I will give thy substance and all thy treasures to the spoil, and thy high places for sin, throughout all thy borders. And thou, even thyself, shalt discontinue from thine heritage that I gave thee; and I will cause thee to serve thine enemies in the land which thou knowest not: for ye have kindled a fire in mine anger, which shall burn for ever.” – Jeremiah 17:1-4

yoruba traditional migration map assyria to west african east africa

Therefore will I cast you out of this land into a land that ye know not, neither ye nor your fathers; and there shall ye serve other gods day and night; where I will not shew you favour.”- Jeremiah 16:13

And I will make thee to pass with thine enemies into a land which thou knowest not: for a fire is kindled in mine anger, which shall burn upon you.” – Jeremiah 15:14

yoruba west african voodoo israelites slavery trans atlantic map

Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.” – Hosea 1:10-11

the door of no return

The Israelite are Scythians! The travels of the Israelites as Scythians into the Far East, Southeast Asia/South Pacific Islands, Europe and the Americas will be covered in further detail in separate articles. Please read other related articles to gain further understanding concerning the Israelites as Scythians, their adventures and their fall to the worship and dissemination of Baalism.

scythians israelites yoruba west africans


Question comments concerns?

Contact: NasiResearch@Instruction.com

OTHER RELATED TOPICS

Baalism: The worship of War and the Sword

The Door of No Return

The Bantu Branch of Africans are Hebrew Israelites I

The Bantu Branch of Africans are Hebrew Israelites II

Black Buddha Israelite & The Israelite Buddhist

East African Israelites

Indigenous Peoples of the Americas and Caribbean are Israelites

The Israelite Fire Nation: Chiyou and the Battle of Zhoulu

Shennong: The Israelite Inventor of Chinese Culture

Abraham and the Wisdom of the Egyptians

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Shennong: The Israelite Origin of Chinese Herbalism & Culture

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Shennong and the Bantus in the Far East

In this article, I would like to introduce you to a god and ancient ruler of Chinese legend—Shennong.

shennong altar shennong altar 1

Shennong is a very important person in Chinese history and also to Hebrew Israelite history. I will attempt to demonstrate the relationship between the ancient Chinese and the Hebrew Israelites through the presentation of correlations in historical and biblical facts. For both those who are familiar and yet to become acquainted with the legendary Shennong, you are sure to learn something new and interesting things in this blog. I will first provide some background about Shennong and then demonstrate his connections to the Bantu peoples of Africa, who have already been identified as bloodline descendants of displaced Hebrew Israelites HERE (West Africa) in a separate article, as well as HERE (East Africa).

shen-nung-c2800-bc-granger


WHO IS SHENNONG?

In order to familiarize ourselves with who Shennong is, let’s read and examine a few quotes from different sources. After reading these excerpts, it will be clear to see how important the man Shennong was in establishing Chinese culture, diet and traditional medicine. He is also credited with establishing the original Chinese monetary system as well as the introduction of different tools to the Chinese. The first source’s quote comes from an article by Dr. Subhuti Dharmananda of the Institue for Traditional Medicine. According to Dr. Subhuti,

subhuti_dharmananda_live

Shennong (the Divine Farmer) is the legendary originator of Chinese herbal medicine. It is believed that he was first known as Yan Di (Emperor of Fire), which is why he eventually became known by the full title Yandi Shennongshi.” – Subhuti Dharmananda

shennong flame emperorWanheShennong shennong altar 2

His depictions are numerous, mostly appearing as a leaf-draped recluse.

shennong altar 3

shennong mount wei bao shan
Mt. Wei Bao Shan. Shen Nong is often pictured in leafy dress as well
leafy dress negro
Notice the similarity in the depiction of the Negro Blackheads, with skirts and aegis made of leaves, and the various depictions of Shennong with the same apparel
shennong leafy dress negro 2
Shennong on LFT European depiction of a Blackamoore on RT

shennong leafy dress negro 1

shennong statue
Shining also appears as a buffalo-horned guardian of the agrarian way of life

shennong-alter-600 shennong altar head chiyou wasr with yellow emperor in competition for hedong salt

The water buffalo was used in virtually all farming activities, especially to pull plows through marshy rice fields…

Culitivating the land of Northern Zhou Dynasty from Mogao cave 296
Culitivating the land of Northern Zhou Dynasty from Mogao cave 296

dunhuang cave bull ox agriculture china

water buffalo bulls cultivating魏晉墓磚畫_耕犁圖Harbinger of Rice and Plough Culture shennong5

Shennong is credited with developing grain agriculture
Shennong is credited with developing grain agriculture in China

bernard-bassene-a-rice-farmer-in-etafoune-holds-traditional-redhued-senegalese-rice-in-his-right-hand-and-hybrid-gm-r.png神農777

Shennong is said to have helped people transition from a diet of meat, clams, and wild fruits, to one based on grains and vegetables, and for developing herbal medicine

chinese-herbs5 china-tcm-man2 chinese-medicine-1

In addition to promoting agriculture (Shennong is translated as divine farmer), he is recognized for tasting hundreds of herbs-on one day, more than 70 herbs that had medicinal value-selecting those that were suitable as remedies, and describing their properties

Guo_Xu_album_dated_1503_(2)shennong herbs

As a result of his efforts, numerous herbs became routinely used for health care, and the knowledge was handed down by oral tradition for centuries…

chinese-medicine-18herb store

When these herbs were described in a formal manner, the book was named after Shennong, known today as the Shennong Bencao Jing (Herbal Classic of Shennong)

Shennong (LFT) and his book Shennong Bencao Jing (RT)
Shennong (LFT) and his book Shennong Bencao Jing (RT)

shennong altar 4

The earliest mention of a text called Shennong Jing (Classic of Shennong) is by authors who lived during the period immediately following the fall of the Han Dynasty (220 A.D.), suggesting that it might have been compiled during the latter part of the Han Dynasty. Further, the text that comes down to us mentions governmental regulations that applied during the latter Han Dynasty, indicating that this is when it was compiled. It is thought that Shennong lived from 2737 B.C. to 2697 B.C., nearly 5,000 years ago; this is why it is common to hear that Chinese medicine has a history of 5,000 years.” – Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon

shennong herb test

The Divine Farmer was one of the mythological bearers of culture at the beginning of civilization. Han historians and myth makers describe his most fundamental task as having led humanity out of a state of hunting and savagery, away from eating raw flesh, drinking blood and wearing skins, towards an agrarian utopia. Here is the Huainanzi account from the 2nd century BCE:

In ancient times the people ate grasses and drank from rivers; they picked fruit from trees and ate the flesh of mollusks and beetles. At that time there was much suffering from illness and poisoning. So the Divine Farmer taught the people for the first time how to sow and cultivate the five grains and to examine the suitability of the earth, to differentiate dry or waterlogged, fertile, high and lowland. He tasted the flavor of the hundred plants and the sweet or bitterness of river and spring; and he taught the people what to avoid and what to follow. At that time, on just one day he came across seventy poisons.” – Confucio-Blogspot

AchievementsofShennong
The 8 main achievements of Shennong (cultural contributions to humankind: ploughing, archery, botanics-pharmacology, pottery, musical instruments, huts, weaving, agricultural cultivation)

According to tradition, the contributions of Shennong to human civilization include the following eight items:

chinese plow invented by shennong

1) The Plough. He devised an implement – a plough with a handle – for tilling the land and preparing it for cultivation. This implement has been used by Chinese farmers for a very long time, around 7-8 thousand years. He invented also the axe, the hoe, and other implements, and taught people how to use them.
1339484315104888-1339484315107089


5_sacred_food

2) Teaching the planting of various grains. Shennong is also called Emperor of the Five Grains (Wugu xiandi). The “five grains” were specifically sesamum, legumes, wheat, panicled millet, and glutinous millet. Rice is not included, because the ancients were only used to the environment of Northern China, where rice cultivation is not suitable.

5 grains shennong


chinese-herbs5

3) Medicinal herbs. The Divine Farmer is the ‘patron saint’ not only of agriculture, but also of pharmacology. There were 69 remedy recipes (herbs) included in the earliest known materia medica attributed to him. These represented a tradition of pragmatic medicine not integrated with the theories of Yinyang or Wuxing. He was said to have the penchant for tasting all kinds of herbs, to experience their effect on the body

shennong herb tasting

As a result of his efforts, numerous herbs became routinely used for health care, and the knowledge was handed down by oral tradition for centuries. When these herbs were described in a formal manner, the book was named after Shennong, known today as the Shennong Bencao Jing, or Herbal Classic of the Divine Farmer. The Shennong Bencao Jing is a fundamental book in Chinese medicine. It was written sometime before 200 CE and was attributed to Shennong


simple loom

4) Invention of a simple loom. Shennong taught people to pick mulberry leaves and to plant hemp, then to weave fabrics using silk thread and hemp cords to make simple clothing.

loomssimple loom 1


archery-in-mogao-fresco(1)
A mural about archery of the Northern Zhou Dynasty (557-587) from Grotto 290 of Mogao in Dunhuang

5) Invention of bow and arrows.

ancient chinese archery ancient chinese archery 1ancient chinese archery shining cave mural dunhuangancient bantu african israelites bring archery to china


knife money
“Knife money is the name of large, cast, bronze, knife-shaped commodity money produced by various governments and kingdoms in what is now known as China, approximately 2500 years ago. Knife money circulated in China between 600 to 200 B.C. during the Zhou dynasty… Knife money may also have been brought in by sea traders from the Indian Ocean.” – Knife Money

6) Invention of commerce. He realized that some people were in need of artifacts that they were not making. Thereupon, he arranged people to trade their goods for the things that they most wanted in a set place. So, he is said to have helped develop the earliest market in China, because he established the marketplace, where to exchange and sell goods on fixed days during the month.

Mangbetu knives

The Numismatist, Volume 19, PG 312
The Numismatist, Volume 19, PG 312

african throwing knives

chinese cowrie currency 1

Cowrie shells are believed to have been the earliest form of currency used in Central China, and were used during the Neolithic period… Cowry shells are believed to be the earliest form of currency used in Central China, about 3000 to 4500 years ago. In the Chinese writing system, the traditional characters for ‘goods’ (貨), ‘buy/sell’ (買/賣), and ‘monger’ (販), in addition to various other words relating to ‘exchange’, all contain the radical ‘貝’, which is the pictograph for shell. (Simplification changed 貝 to 贝.) However, the extent of the circulation of shell money is still unknown, and barter trade was supposed to dominate in the market. But copies of these shells made out of bone, wood, stone, lead and copper were common enough to suppose a trade system in them was used.

chinese cowrie currency 2

Bronzed shells were found in the Ruins of Yin, the old capital of Shang Dynasty (BC 1500-BC 1046). Bronze became a universal currency in the Zhou Dynasty.” – History of Chinese Currency

chinese cowry currency 3
COOL FACT: Most of the Chinese characters related to money has the part “贝”,which means “shell” in English!
chinese_translations_for_darling_9898_6_39
Chinese translations for treasured object, treasure, darling, baby, cowry, cowrie

0a9d857a88196826cowrie shell chinese symbol


Clay_Pots

7) Invention of pottery art. He is supposed to be the inventor also of ceramic containers, which are a very useful commodity in people’s lives.

pottery
Left: An artifact at the Shanghai Museum from about 800-900 B.C. found in the area where Shennong is believed to have lived (Fufeng County, Shaanxi). Right: A vessel from the same time period and region (Shaanxi Province, Western Zhou Dynasty) for preparing and storing liquids, like those made from herbs.

guqin instrument
LFT: Chinese Guaqin, RT: Tutsi of East Africa playing Guaqin

guqin instrument

8) Invention of the guqin musical instrument. Shennong is considered the inventor – together with Fuxi and Huangdi – of the guqin, a five-stringed (later seven-stringed) musical instrument of the zither family. He also wrote many songs to entertain people after work…

guqin_part_names

guqin quote

valiha_player
Aside from recreational music, the valiha is also used for ritual music to summon spirits. It is considered the “national instrument” of Madagascar.
RakotozafyValihaMala
A variant instrument, the Marovany, is similar in concept but boxlike rather than tubular, and made of wood or sheet metal.
inanga zither
It would seem that Shennong was a Bantu from East Africa, where he got the knowledge to “invent” the Guqin in China.

chinese guqin from east africa

Beside these eight major items, in various legends other aspects of civilization are attributed to Shennong. A legend says that it was Shennong who discovered that drinking water could be made healthier by boiling. Or take, for instance, the invention of tea drinking. In one popular Chinese legend, Shennong was drinking a bowl of boiling water some time around 2737 BC. The wind blew and a few leaves from a nearby tree into his water and the water began to change its color. The ever inquisitive and curious monarch took a sip of the brew and was pleasantly surprised by its flavor and its restorative properties. A variant of the legend tells that the emperor tested the medical properties of various herbs on himself, some of them poisonous, and found tea to work as an antidote to poison.

green-tea-in-glass-cup

The Yijing (Book of Change), one of the most ancient Chinese writings, starts by introducing the figure of Fuxi, who studied stars and earth, birds, and animals, and learned many things from them; then it continues: “After Fuxi died, Shennong rose. He made plow and taught people how to raise crops and fishing. He invented money and market for the exchange of goods… temples to Shennong are spread everywhere, given also that China is mainly an agricultural country. In many temples dedicated to other deities, there is also a chapel, or an altar, with Shennong’s statue.

Cixian-Temple-Zhang-Tian-Shi-Shennong-and-Lu-Dongbin-1024x688

In Taiwan, there are over one hundred temples dedicated to Shennong. The temple in Shilin, Taipei, is noteworthy for its beauty and antiquity. It was built over 300 years ago during the reign of Kangxi and is built on two floors. The ground floor is for the worship of Tudi Gong (the lord of the place), the second floor is for the worship of Shennong.

shennong altar 7virginia negroe leaf skirt tobaccoshennong leaves 3

The statue of Shennong is easily recognizable among the myriad of icons in Chinese temples. He is always represented as sitting, the usual way of oriental kings. His head has two horns, referring to the ancient legend that he was a human being with a buffalo head. His torso is bare and at the waist he wears a skirt of tree leaves. This is to indicate that he belongs to the age when clothes had not yet been invented, when humans did not yet know how to weave fabrics.”

shennong jia 1shennong jia

Shennong advanced the culture and civilization of China in the same way that the Hyksos Egyptians and Phoenicians (both with dominant Israelite elements among them) had advanced Greek civilization in ancient times.

The classical writers, people like Herodotus whom you quoted when we started, had a very clear images that the Greeks had been living there at a rather primitive level, and along had come Egyptians and Phoenicians. Phoenicans are the people who lived on the Levant in present Lebanon, and these people had set up cities and had civilized the Greeks. They taught them irrigation, new weapons, the alphabet, how to write, a whole series of things were attributed to these Egyptian and Phoenician colonizers.” – Black Athena, For the People, 6:33-7:12

Not only did Shennong advance the culture of the Chinese as the Egyptians and Phoenicians did Greek civilization, but also his Bantu Israelite associations also point toward a Phoenician origin being that the Israelites were Phoenicians! Moreover, The name China seems to be derived from the Greek word for Canaan, Xvã (Chi-n-ã). Canaan is said to be the first Phoenician, so perhaps the Greeks were referring to the Phoenicians (Israelites) when they spoke of Xvã (China/Canaan).

The Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 21 edited by Hugh Chisholm, PG 450
A Journal from Grand Cairo to Mount Sinai, By Robert Clayton, PG 107

“In historical times the Phoenicians called themselves Canaanites, and their land Canaan, “the lowlands,” the latter applying equally to the coast, and the inland highlands, which the Israelites occupied.” – The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 30, PG 333

Josephus, in Histories 2.104, cites Herodotus, who stated that, “The Phoenicians and the Syrians of Palestine were circumcised…” Josephus further states that, “there were no inhabitants of Palestine that are circumcised except the Judaeans [the Israelites].” Beside Phoenicia, which possess a large Israelite population and was itself being called ‘China’ by the Greeks, another connection between the name China and the Israelite Phoenicians of the land of Canaan can be found in the Hebrew word Kinah/Qiynah H7015. Kinah was the name of a town in the tribe of Judah as well as an eponym for the color purple.

The Hebrew word ‘kinah,’ referenced in the Shekinah pillar, means ‘purple.’ Thus, the Shekinah literally means ‘she-purple.’ The Biblical land of Canaan has the same ‘kinah’ etymology, making it the ‘land of purple.’ As a result, the merchants that came from Canaan were called the purple merchants and even traded in a powdered purple pigment.”” – Purple Shekinah, by Richard Merrick

Emergent Lingua Francas and World Orders: The Politics and Place of English as a World Language, By Phyllis Ghim-Lian Chew, PG 155
Emergent Lingua Francas and World Orders: The Politics and Place of English as a World Language, By Phyllis Ghim-Lian Chew, PG 155 

Yet another association between the Israelites Phoenicians and China can be found in relation to the Chinese calendar. Chinese history states that Shennong had also invented the Chinese calendar and a harvest festival to compliment the agriculture he taught.

Chinese Mythology, By Owen Giddens, Sandra Giddens, PG 28
Chinese Mythology, By Owen Giddens, Sandra Giddens, PG 28

24-Solar-Terms

The Chinese calendar developed by Shennong is a lunisolar calendar (with strong emphasis on the moon for agricultural/religious reasons).

chinese lunisolar calendar 1 roundzodiacbagua chinese calendar

Chinese calendar may refer to any of the official and civil calendars used in China and some neighbouring countries in different periods of history; however, the phrase is generally synonymous with Han calendar… The civil calendar in much of China is the Han calendar, which is a lunisolar calendar.” – Chinese Calendar

24-solar-terms

A lunisolar calendar is a calendar in many cultures whose date indicates both the moon phase and the time of the solar yearThe Hebrew… as well as the traditional Chinese… and Babylonian calendars are all lunisolar. The Chinese, Coligny and Hebrew lunisolar calendars track more or less the tropical year…” – Lunisolar Calendar

24-solar-terms-and-4-seasons

The Hebrew Israelites originally used to used the Enochian calendar but after the Babylonian captivity, they adopted the Babylonian lunisolar calendar. This gives us a foundation to set a theory upon. If the Babylonian, Hebrew, and Chinese Calendars are all lunisolar, and if Shennong was a Bantu/Phoenician/Israelite who introduced the calendar to China, might also the harvest festival that Shennong invented in China also be of Hebrew Israelite origin as well?

Shennong is also credited with inventing the Zhaji Sacrificial Rite (later it was called the Laji Rite), which was held at the end of each year in order to thank all the gods for enabling the harvest…” – Handbook of Chinese Mythology, By Lihui Yang, Deming An, PG 193

The Zhaji Sacrificial Rite, later known as the Laji Rite, is a thanksgiving harvest festival.

A harvest festival is an annual celebration that occurs around the time of the main harvest of a given region… Certain religious holidays, such as Sukkot, have their roots in harvest festivals.” – Harvest Festival, Gutenburg.org

Sukkot, Succot or Sukkos (Hebrew: ‫סוכות‎ or ‫סֻכּוֹת sukkōt or sukkos, Feast of Booths, Feast of Tabernacles) is a biblical Jewish holiday celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tishrei (varies from late September to late October).It is one of the three biblically mandated festivals…” – Sukkot, Wikipedia

hebrew israelite sukkot booths tabernacles

The Hebrew word sukkōt is the plural of sukkah (H5521), which means, “booth or tabernacle“. Sukkot were usually constructed as a walled structure covered with schach (plant material such as leafy tree overgrowth or palm leaves).

hebrew israelite sukkah booth tabernacles

סֻכָּה çukkâh, sook-kaw’; feminine of H5520; a hut or lair: — booth, cottage, covert, pavilion, tabernacle, tent.

LFT: House on stilts with walls made of woven palm leaves, Cambodia.
LFT: House on stilts with walls made of woven palm leaves, Cambodia.

The sukkot dwellings of the Israelites are very similar, in both form and function, to many huts of the Bantu people. Certain East African groups lived in huts that not only resembled those of the Israelite’s sukkot but also the more oriental huts in the Far East.

hut sukkah booth

Traditional Architecture of Indonesia
Traditional architecture of Indonesia. Notice the bull’s head on the roof
Rumah Panjang (Jambi)
Rumah Panjang (Longhouse) of Jambi, Indonesia. Again, notice the horns on the roof
Naga sukka hut
LFT: Tibeto-Burman Naga hut; notice the horned roof. RT: a Naga warrior wearing horns.

roofs with horns product of phoenician-scythian bull worship

It would seem very likely that all the inventions of Shennong can be attributed to his Bantu/Phoenician/Israelite origins.

The architecture of Madagascar is unique in Africa, bearing strong resemblance to the architecture of southern Borneo from which the earliest inhabitants of Madagascar are believed to have emigrated… here, the traditional wooden houses of the aristocracy feature a central pillar (andry) supporting a steeply sloped roof decorated with roof horns (tandro-trano). In the southeast of Madagascar, actual zebu horns were traditionally affixed to the gable peak… For much of the length of the eastern coast of Madagascar bordering the Indian Ocean, architecture is highly uniform: nearly all traditional homes in this region are built on low stilts and are roofed with thatch made of the fronds of the traveler’s palm (ravinala madagascariensis).” – Architecture of Madagascar, Wikipedia

Masoala Forest Lodge, Madagascar_Chez_Arol
Masoala Forest Lodge, Madagascar

The Betsileo are of Malayo-Indonesian origin, whereas Madagascar’s population is largely mixed of Bantu African and East Asian descent. Traditionally they claim a common heritage with the Antemoro from the east coast and the Bara from further south. They traditionally lived in huts made of vegetable fiber, reserving wooden huts for the nobles, per Malagasy architectural norms. Both were often adorned with decorative motifs or even the horns of zebu.”

betsileo_tomb_small
A Betsileo tomb adorned with Zebu horns. Reminiscent of the pagodas of Asia

The interesting element of this particular Bantu groups addition of horns onto their homes furthers the associations we can make between Shennong and his Israelite origins by way of the Bantu Africans and the Levantine Phoenicians. Shennong’s mysterious description of having horns on his head would seem to described by the Bantu and Phoenician cultural/religious practices. The Israelites also worshipped the Bull at times of their transgression against the Most High God, I AM THAT I AM (AHAYAH ASHAR AHAYAH, Exodus 3:13-15).

Putting aside the horns, which have at the same time assumed the aspect of a fork, we cannot but be struck by the resemblance of this symbol to those of the Phœnician Caducei, where the Disk seems to be supported by a conical stem.” – The Origins of the Caduceus, The Migration of Symbols, by Goblet d’Alviella, PG 232

phoenician caduceus

They have set up kings, but not by me: they have made princes, and I knew it not: of their silver and their gold have they made them idols, that they may be cut off. Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast thee off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long will it be ere they attain to innocency? For from Israel was it also: the workman made it; therefore it is not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.” – Hosea 8:4-6

samaria calf

In Chinese mythology Shennong, besides having taught humans the use of the plow together with other aspects of basic agriculture, the use of medicinal plants, and having been a god of the burning wind (perhaps in some relationship to the Yan Emperor mythos and/or slash-and-burn agriculture, in which the ash produced by fire fertilizes the fields), was sometimes said to be a progenitor to, or to have had appointed as one of his ministers, Chi You; and like him, they were both ox-headed, sharp-horned, bronze-foreheaded, and iron-skulled.” – Shennong, Wikipedia

shennong bulls head minotaur
“In some sources, Chiyou had certain features associated with various mythological bovines: his head was that of a bull with two horns, although the body was that of a human”

These bulls horns worn upon the heads of Shennong, the Flame Emperor, and his descendant Chiyou are also associated with the slash-and-burn agricultural technique. The presence of Slash and Burn agriculture in China as well as the Horned heads of Shennong and Chiyou are very strong evidences supporting the fact of the ancient Africa/Israelite origins of China.

slash and burn agriculture

Bantu-speaking Africans, whose descendants make up the overwhelming majority of the present-day inhabitants of South Africa, had moved south of the Limpopo River by about 1,500 years ago. Farmers who combined knowledge of cattle-keeping and slash-and-burn (swidden) cultivation with expertise in metal-working, the Bantu speakers came from West Central Africa north of the Congo River near present-day Cameroon. Historians and archaeologists now argue that this movement took place not in any single great migration but rather in a slow southward shift of people throughout sub-Saharan Africa that resulted from the gradual drying up of the Sahara beginning about 8,000 years ago. The southward movement involved not the conquering hordes previously imagined but rather a moving frontier of farmers seeking new fields and pastures who interacted with pastoralists and hunter-gatherers, sometimes trading, sometimes incorporating people in client relationships, sometimes fighting for access to the same crucial resources.” – The Arrival of Bantu-Speaking Africans 

slash and burn agriculture

“Throughout most of the region south and east of the Congo River basin, people speak some form of Bantu, a closely related family of languages associated for the most part with agricultural populations that first appeared on the southern subcontinent early in the first millennium A.D… It would appear that as they spread south, groups of farmers spread into empty areas or ones heretofore the domain of foragers, creating settlements sustained by slash-and-burn cultivation…By the seventh century related people resided throughout subequatorial Africa, practicing agricultural economies, new kinds of society, and metalworking, as well as employing domesticated plants and animals previously unknown in wild form in the subcontinent.” – The Zimbabwe Culture: Origins and Decline of Southern Zambezian States, By Innocent Pikirayi, PG 77-78

slash and burn shennong africa bantu

Agriculture is an important theme in Chinese mythology. There are many myths about the invention of agriculture that have been told or written about in China (Yang 2005:70). Chinese mythology refers to those myths found in the historical geographic area of China. This includes myths in Chinese and other languages, as transmitted by Han Chinese as well as other ethnic groups (of which fifty-six are officially recognized by current administration of China). (Yang 2005:4) Many of the myths about agriculture involve its invention by such deities or culture heroes such as Shennong, Houji, Hou Tu, and Shujun: of these Shennong is the most famous, according to Lihui Yang (2005:70)… Shennong is generally credited with having invented basic agriculture, including the plow; although he seems to have originated as a god of the burning wind, which is perhaps a reference to slash-and-burn agriculture, according to Anthony Christie. (1968:90)” – Agriculture (Chinese Mytology), Wikipedia

slash burn and replant

K.C. Wu
K.C. Wu

A long debate has existed over whether or not the Yan Emperor was the same person as the legendary Shennong. An academic conference held in China in 2004 achieved general consensus that the Yan Emperor and Shennong were the same person. Another possibility is that the term Flame Emperor was a title, held by dynastic succession, with Shennong being known as Yandi, perhaps posthumously… Yan literally means “flame”, and K. C. Wu (a Chinese political figure and historian) speculates that this appellation may be connected with the fire used to clear the fields in slash and burn agriculture.… The Zuo Zhuan states that in 525 BC, the descendants of Yan were recognized as long having been masters of fire and having used fire in their names.” – Yan Emperor

african fire man chinese drill manslash and burn yan fire masters from african

“The history of the Bantu dispersion will always involve a good deal of speculation, for the Bantu left no written records, and the remaining evidence will always remain subject to different interpretations. There seems, however, little doubt that the Bantu migrations occasioned the spread of metallurgy throughout wide areas of eastern and southern Africa. The use of iron probably enabled the proto-Bantu and Bantu people to produce tools suitable for practicing slash-and-burn agriculture in the forest. Iron tools may have enabled the Bantu to break the forest barrier. Iron weapons gave them a great military superiority over their opponents

w42_bantu_ironworkingThe origin of African Ironworking mapChokwe Kiln Furnace Bellowsyan fire masters bantu african israelites

800px-Centres_of_origin_and_spread_of_agriculture.svg
The spread of iron technology parallels the spread of agriculture because iron technology was an integral part of the success and expansion of agriculture

the spread of agriculture map

“The use of iron may have spread westward; the art of smelting was certainly known to the people of Nok in the fourth century B.C. The smith’s craft may then have spread southeastward into Bantu Africa; in all probability the Bantu used iron-tipped tools when they pioneered new land.” – The Bush Burnt, the Stones Remain: Female Initiation Rites in Urban Zambia By Thera Rasing, PG 175

african iron furnace

Inagina: The Last House of Iron

The whole film can be viewed from parts 1-6, but it is dubbed in European Spanish. Even if you don’t understand Spanish, it is still interesting to watch the film and you are certain to learn a lot from just the visuals. This is, by far, the most beautiful and largest furnace I’ve seen:

PT 1PT 2PT 3PT 4 , PT 5PT 6

Blooms of Banjeli

Preserve the Ancient Art

steel shaq african steel iron furnace

The ability to produce steel and iron tools and weapons was a skill that gave the Bantu the ability to dominate the continent of Africa quickly. The mastery of fire allowed the Bantu to master other elements such as the earth through their farming tools and slash-and-burn African savannah agricultural techniques and the mastery of other tribes of people through their development of stronger metals and weaponry. As a result of their mastery of fire and agriculture, Bantu communities grew quickly and more resources and food were required to sustain their populations. As tribal families grew, new territory was sought to provide for the increased demands which often brought conflict between less and greater nations.

The competition for resources during the Bantu expansion was fierce and many battles were fought for the domination of trade networks and territory for their respective kingdoms. This constant warfare and the need for increasingly more efficient agricultural tools provided an environment under which some of the most advanced blacksmiths and metallurgical knowledge developed. The Bantu Expansion even created the circumstances for the diffusion of this knowledge into other countries as Bantu men sought more land (As far as China) to provide for their ever-increasing populations.

Shennong and his descendant Chiyou, were both descendants of the Bantu Africans/Hebrew Israelites and it is for this reason, that they were known as the Flame Emperor and the masters of Fire. The same knowledge of fire that allowed the Bantu to create iron tools for agriculture and weapons of war also allowed Shennong to “invent the plow” in China. It should rather be said that Shennong introduced the plow to China, being that an ancient patriarch of the Israelites had already invented the same plow that Shennong is credited for in Chinese legend.

Shennong ploughing fields, Han Dynasty mural
Shennong ploughing fields, Han Dynasty mural.

1) The Plough. He devised an implement – a plough with a handle – for tilling the land and preparing it for cultivation. This implement has been used by Chinese farmers for a very long time, around 7-8 thousand years. He invented also the axe, the hoe, and other implements, and taught people how to use them.”

plough1

In our attempt to demonstrate the connection between Shennong, the Bantu Africans, and the Israelites, the plough helps us begin to see that association more easily. Discovering the true origin and inventor of the plough will give us a better understanding of the associating between the Chinese and Bantu/Israelites. According to the Biblical records of the Hebrew Israelites, the technology of the ox-driven-plough was invented by the patriarch Abraham when he was young and still known as Abram.

ahg-chapter4 ancient afro chinese agriculture abraham invented plow ravens bull plow

And in the first year of the fifth week Abram taught those who made implements for oxen, the artificers in wood, and they made a vessel above the ground, facing the frame of the plough, in order to put the seed thereon, and the seed fell down therefrom upon the share of the plough, and was hidden in the earth, and they no longer feared the ravens. And after this manner they made (vessels) above the ground on all the frames of the ploughs, and they sowed and tilled all the land, according as Abram commanded them, and they no longer feared the birds.” – Jubilees 11:22-23

bull plow 1

In the separate article, ABRAHAM AND THE WISDOM OF THE EGYPTIANS, we discussed how Abraham, the grandfather of Jacob/Israel (the father of the Hebrew Israelites), had eventually departed from his hometown, Ur of Babylon (the land Chaleeans/modern Iraq) and eventually visited Egypt, before settling in the land of Canaan. While in Egypt, Abraham made the Egyptians acquainted with many parts of mathematical, astronomical and scientific learning that they were previously unaware of. As a result, the advances in Egyptian agriculture can also be attributed to the wisdom Abraham brought from the fertile crescent’s most powerful nation at the time—Babylon the land of Shinar.

fertile crescent

Shortly after Abraham’s time, his descendants, the Israelites, would enter Egypt again, bringing a new wave of civil advances to Egyptian society during the Hyksos Era.

egyptian bull plow agriculture

History also demonstrates that the Israelites who left Egypt carried much of the Egyptian culture with them wherever they migrated and they had a particular affinity for Bull/Baal worship. The historical reality of this Biblical truth can be partially reflected in the history, culture and expansion of the Bantu people’s of Africa.

bantu expansionbantu migration from west africa

Bantu-speaking Africans, whose descendants make up the overwhelming majority of the present-day inhabitants of South Africa, had moved south of the Limpopo River by about 1,500 years ago. Farmers who combined knowledge of cattle-keeping and slash-and-burn (swidden) cultivation with expertise in metal-working, the Bantu speakers came from West Central Africa north of the Congo River near present-day Cameroon. Historians and archaeologists now argue that this movement took place not in any single great migration but rather in a slow southward shift of people throughout sub-Saharan Africa that resulted from the gradual drying up of the Sahara beginning about 8,000 years ago. The southward movement involved not the conquering hordes previously imagined but rather a moving frontier of farmers seeking new fields and pastures who interacted with pastoralists and hunter-gatherers, sometimes trading, sometimes incorporating people in client relationships, sometimes fighting for access to the same crucial resources.” – The Arrival of Bantu-Speaking Africans

bantu expansion 1The-Bantu-expansion-3000-400-BC

As we have already discussed earlier in this article, the Bantu Expansion across the whole of Africa (A GIGANTIC CONTINENT) was made possible by their advanced knowledge of metalworking and agriculture.

true size of africa map

These advances provided them the ability to create an environment where population was well provided for and thrived. As populations of both people and domesticated animals (wealth) increased, so did the need for new land. This desire drove the Bantu expansion across Africa and their knowledge of metalworking and agriculture allowed them to create a supply to meet the growing demand.

bantu expansion animation

The expansion was caused by the development of agriculture, the making of ceramics, and the use of iron, which permitted new ecological zones to be exploited.” – Bantu expansion, Wikipedia

Herders_Craftsmen_and_Traders

The Bantu-speaking farmers chose to minimize risks rather than to maximize production in their use of the environment. They kept large herds of cattle and invested these animals with great material and symbolic value. Cattle provided a means to acquire and to display considerable wealth, and they were used for significant social and political transactions, such as bridewealth compensation (lobola) and tribute demands. Cattle were also valued for their milk and for their hides, but they were seldom killed for their meat except on ceremonial occasions.” – The Arrival of Bantu-Speaking Africans

zebu cattle

Over a period of many centuries, most hunting-foraging peoples were displaced and absorbed by incoming Bantu-speaking communities… The Bantu expansion was a long series of physical migrations, a diffusion of language and knowledge out into and in from neighboring populations, and a creation of new societal groups involving inter-marriage among communities and small groups moving to communities and small groups moving to new areas.” – Bantu people, Wikipedia

As the Bantu moved into new areas, they continue to share and build upon their knowledge base of metalworking and agriculture. Shennong’s many contributions to the advancement of Chinese civilization would seem to have their origins with the Bantu peoples as their expansion seems to have reach as far as China. However, what evidence, if any, exists that can help confirm these associations? Could the some of the Israelites really have left Egypt to populate other areas of the African continent through the Bantu expansion and eventually have migrated to China? Let’s look into more information about Shennong.

Shennong, also known as the Emperor of the Five Grains (Wǔgǔxiāndì), was a legendary ruler of China and cultural hero. Shennong is considered to have been one of the Three Sovereigns (also known as “Three Emperors”) who lived some 5,000 years ago. Shennong has been thought to have taught the ancient Chinese not only their practices of agriculture, but also the use of herbal drugs… According to the eighth century AD historian Sima Zhen’s commentary to the second century BC Shiji (or, Records of the Grand Historian), Shennong is a kinsman of the Yellow Emperor and is said to be an ancestor, or a patriarch, of the ancient forebears of the Chinese. The Han Chinese regarded them both as their joint ancestors.” – Shennong, Wikipedia

Tomb_tile_with_dragon_and_warrior
A Western-Han painted tomb tile showing an armed Negro warrior riding a dragon, one of many creatures in Chinese mythology

han-dynasty-map

The Han Chinese are an ethnic group native to East Asia. … They sometimes refer to themselves as Yan Huang Zisun, meaning the “descendants of (god-emperors) Yan and Huang”.” – Han Chinese,

Yan Huang Zisun (Chinese: 炎黃子孫; literally: “Descendants of Yan and Huang”) is a term that represents the Chinese people, most notably the Han. Today, the Chinese people still refer to themselves with this term. Yandi (炎帝) and Huangdi (黃帝) are both legendary ancestors of the Huaxia people. Legend has it they are both part of the Yanhuang tribe. They were enemies who fought each other in the Battle of Banquan. Huangdi defeated Yandi and the two peoples amalgamated and eventually became the Huaxia people, who in turn developed into the Han Chinese, the dominant ethnic group in China… The derivation of the term is mentioned as Yan Huang Shizhou (炎黃世冑) in the National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China, officially translated in English as “Descendants of Yan and Huang. Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, has used this term to refer to all Chinese people.” – Yan Huang Zisun, Wikipedia

It is very interesting to note that the Han Chinese, being the largest ethnic group in the world, all claim Shennong/the Yan Emperor as their forefather. This is a bold claim especially being that the Yan Emperor Shennongshi was not only considered to be a legendary figure but also a god! It is also very interesting to note the Chinese claim of descent from Shennong in relation to his possible Bantu/Israelite origins. According to the Holy Bible, seed and nationhood his passed from father to son. Scientifically, this can be traced through the Y-chromosome haplogroup.

Shennong is agreed to be the Yan Emperor and the Yan Emperor is claimed to be one of the patrilineal ancestors of ‘all Chinese’ which brings us too an interesting point. If Shennong/The Yan Emperor was a Bantu himself, would that not make ‘all Chinese people’ or at least the ‘Yan Huang’ people Bantu as well (along the patrilineal line of descent)? The following video link provides evidence that ‘all Chinese people’ indeed have DNA origins in Africa. This points towards the Bantu origins of the Chinese. The research that came to these conclusions was performed by Chinese scientist and researchers:

spread6_1Final

Despite an attempt to prove the independent development and origin of Chinese people, the conclusion supports the Bantu origin of Shennong and the Chinese. Moreover, understanding the association between the Bantu and the Chinese also helps us to better understand the strange description and depiction of Shennong (and his descendant Chiyou) as having a horned head like the Minotaur.

shennong minotaur

Many Bantu peoples, who are descendants of the ancient Israelites, in keeping with the pagan worships of ancient Babylon and Egypt, had a habit of venerating the Bull.

“They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.” –Psalm 106:19

And Aaron said unto them, Break off the goldenearrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me. And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.” – Exodus 32:2-4

“So I turned and came down from the mount, and the mount burned with fire: and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands. And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against the Lord your God, and had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the Lord had commanded you.” – Deuteronomy 9:15-16

golden calf

“Also in Horeb ye provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry with you to have destroyed you.” – Deuteronomy 9:8

“Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the Lord their God. And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the Lord had charged them, that they should not do like them. And they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger. Therefore the Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. Also Judah kept not the commandments of the Lord their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. And the Lord rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.” – 2 Kings 17:14-20

The biblical excerpts above provide evidence of the Israelite association with the Bantu people. The verses of scripture explain that the Israelites chose to worship the calf/bull image, giving it credit for what the God of Israel had done for his people. This of course angered the God of the Israelites and he then allowed them to be removed out of their homeland. The Israelites chose to practice the customs of the other nations they lived amongst instead of the customs of their forefathers. Thus the Israelites, later known as the Bantu, adopted the worship and veneration of the bull/Baal. It is interesting to note that, just as the Israelites allowed Aaron to create the Golden Calf image for them to worship, the Bull image is often used amongst the priesthood of many African tribes to venerate the African medicine men.

horned figures baal worship john bull thumbnail

JOHN BULLS were replicas of the grotesquely masked African Witch Doctor with a bull’s horns on the head. They were the dominating feature of the festivities in town and country. There was terror and excitement in the young and old… The crack of the whip would tease the bull. The bull would then shoot off in the direction of the crowd of children or grown ups and plough through them and they would scatter.” – John Bull

horned head baal worship vikingScreen Shot 2015-10-25 at 11.51.39 PMsea people horned helmets vikings

Pende Chief Kwilu with Beaded Crown, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Pende Chief Kwilu with Beaded Crown, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa

horned headdress african chief

Buli people of Builsa, Ghana
Buli people of Builsa, Ghana

buli tribe

Nok people of Kaduna State, Nigeria
Nok people of Kaduna State, Nigeria
Kadugli-Nuba People of Sudan, Africa
Kadugli-Nuba People of Sudan, Africa

Zulu Ricksha 20ricksa boyssouthafrican horned rickshamiao horned headdress

Many of the Bantu people left Africa, for various reasons (trade, conquest, seeking refuge, servitude), in search of new lands. These migrations resulting from the Bantu expansion brought waves of Israelites into the East in places such as India and even China (EAST AFRICAN MIGRATION). These Bantu/Israelites people obviously brought with them the same pagan Bull worship with them into all the places the travelled.

bantu expansion across indian ocean to india
The Bantu Expansion led many Bantu Israelites across the Indian Ocean, to various locations
Bison-Horn Headdress of the Maria Tribe, Chattisgarh, India
Bison-Horn Headdress of the Maria Tribe, Chattisgarh, India

india bull worshipkanji ship sailorszanji indian ocean far east trade

It is also interesting to note that the biblical record states that the High Priest, Aaron, made a molten image. This clearly implies the Israelite’s mastery of fire, just as the Bantu and the Yan Emperor of China were also known for. A molten image is one created from molten metal. In order to turn metal into a molten state, allowing it to be poured and cast, the metal must be heated to extremely high temperatures. The Bantu Africans are known to have created clay furnaces in very ancient time periods that could heat fire to temperatures that could not only produce iron but also steel.

ancient africans made steel
Israelites in Africa produced steel 2000 years before it was ever produced in Europe. Moreover, they produced it with all natural materials and a clay furnace. Image taken from Jet Magazine Dec 21, 1978, Page 56

“The issue of innovation features prominently in studies of pre-colonial African metalworking. In the 1980s, Schmidt and Avery (1983) advanced the hypothesis that East African iron smelters practiced the technique of preheating the air in the furnace before smelting began, thereby raising temperatures to produce high-carbon steels. This preheating technique is central to the blast furnace method prevalent today, and its postulation emphasized the high technical skill of traditional African metallurgists.” – The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology, edited by Peter Mitchell, Paul Lane, PG 140

african iron furnace 1 african iron furnace 2 african iron furnace 3 african iron furnace 4 african iron furnace 5 african iron furnace 6

“The Haya (northern Tanzania) carbon steel pre-heated furnace discovered by Prof. Peter Schmidt and professor of engineering Donald H. Avery of Brown University, reported in the Science Magazine of September 22, 1979 that Africans produced steel 2,000 years before Europe. The furnace reached temperatures of 1800C, some 200C and 400C higher than the highest reached in European cold blast bloomer.” Shaping the Society Christianity and Culture: Special Reference to …, Volume 2, By Pastor Stephen Kyeyune, PG 111

The Tree of Iron: PT 2PT 3PT 4

In Chinese mythology, Shennong, besides having taught humans the plow and basic agriculture, and been a god of the burning wind, was sometimes said to be an progenitor or minister of Chi You; and, like him, ox-headed, sharp-horned, bronze-foreheaded, and iron-skulled…” – Cultural China

According to the Song dynasty history book Lushi (路史), Chiyou’s surname was Jiang (姜), and he was a descendant of Yandi. According to legend, Chiyou had a bronze head with metal foreheads.” – Chiyou, Wikipedia

chiyou bronze metal forhead

“They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.” – Exodus 32:8

gold calf idol egypt apis bull statue chinese bronze bull idol

However, it was this same mastery of fire that caused the Israelites to forget their true ancestry, becoming lost in chasing after the customs of the nations that surround them. The Israelites would eventually completely forget their Israelite heritage, choosing rather to adopt new customs which cause their God to allow them to remain lost in all the places they wandered into and would later became enslaved in. The scriptures said that the Israelites would be removed into all kingdoms of the earth, which would also include China.

“How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots’ houses. They were as fed horses in the morning: every one neighed after his neighbour’s wife. Shall I not visit for these things? saith the Lord: and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?” – Jeremiah 5:7-9

And I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah king of Judah, for that which he did in Jerusalem.” – Jeremiah 15:4

“My God will cast them away, because they did not hearken unto him: and they shall be wanderers among the nations.” – Hosea 9:17

And thou, even thyself, shalt discontinue from thine heritage that I gave thee; and I will cause thee to serve thine enemies in the land which thou knowest not: for ye have kindled a fire in mine anger, which shall burn for ever.” – Jeremiah 17:4

“My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace.” – Jeremiah 50:6

“My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill: yea, my flock was scattered upon all the face of the earth, and none did search or seek after them.” – Ezekiel 34:6

And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.” – Isaiah 11:11

Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.” – Isaiah 49:12

SINIM – H5515 – Thorns

  • a people living at the extremity of the known world; may be identified with the inhabitants of southern China
  • Çîynîym, see-neem’; plural of an otherwise unknown name; Sinim, a distant Oriental region:—Sinim.

sinim strongs h5515

these from the land of sinim by sir robert hart
Sir Robert Hart, the author identifying China as Sinim, was a masonic knight of the Grand Cross Order of St. Michael and St. George. It seems that high level masonic initiates are aware of Biblical history

The historical record of the Holy Bible states that the lost sheep of the Israelites, the Most High god’s people, would be scattered into ALL KINGDOMS and even specifically states that they would one day return to Israel back from Sinim—China.

“Isaiah 49:12 in the KJV:

“Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.”

Isaiah 49:12, Chinese Union Version:

“看哪,這些從遠方來;這些從北方、從西方來;這些從秦(原文作希尼)國來。”

The KJV transliterates “סינים (sinim)” as “Sinim”.  The Chinese Union Version translates “סינים (sinim)” as “秦國 (Qin Country)” (with an in-text note of the Hebrew transliteration).

Qin dynasty map chinas-first-empire-qin-dynasty-2-638 qin dynasty map minim h5515

Qin Country” is the country of the Qin dynasty – China.  Since the establishment of the Qin (“Chin” or “Sin”) dynasty in 221 BC, the large Far East nation has been called “China” or “Sina.” Some translations (NIV, ESV) refuse the reading, “סינים (sinim)” as found in the Masoretic text. These modern scholars assume that Isaiah could not have referred to China because “Sinim” came to mean “China” only after 221 BC, hundreds of years after the life of Isaiah. During Isaiah’s life (8th century BC), the Qin state was just a small state among hundreds of other states in the region. However, if Isaiah was able to prophetically call the future king Cyrus by his name (Isaiah 44:28, 45:1), it would not have been unusual for Isaiah to have referred to the name of a future nation.” – KJV Today.com

W.E.B. Du Bois on Asia: Crossing the World Color Line, By William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, PG 12
W.E.B. Du Bois on Asia: Crossing the World Color Line, By William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, PG 12

In fact, Dunhang’s Mogao Caves in China provide much evidence of the presence of Negroes in the Far East.

Dunhuang Cave mural of Negro Horn blowers in China
Dunhuang Cave mural of Negro Horn blowers in China
Cape Coast Mensoun horn blowers
Cape Coast Mensoun horn blowers. These Horns are reminiscent of the Israelite Shofar and also look like the horns being blown in the picture above from Dunhuang, China.

Moreover, without having to make the connection between Israelite and Bantu, other scholars have documented the presence of actual Israelite tribes in China.

Rediscovering Japan, Reintroducing Christendom: Two Thousand Years of Christian History in Japan, By Samuel Lee, PG 13
Rediscovering Japan, Reintroducing Christendom: Two Thousand Years of Christian History in Japan, By Samuel Lee, PG 13

It would now seem quite evident that Shennong, the Flame Emperor of China, had definite connections with the ancient Israelites by way of the Bantu peoples of Africa. We’ve discovered that modern Han Chinese claim Shennong as one of their progenitor and in fact Chinese DNA connects them to Bantu Africans as well. However, we have yet to discuss Shennong’s title as Divine Farmer. Obviously, the mastery of fire by Shennong and his descendants allowed them to make the tools that Shennong introduced to China but could all the other agricultural practices in China also have Bantu/Israelite origins as well?

shennong chinese god

“Shennong is among the group of variously named heroic persons and deities who have been traditionally given credit for various inventions: these include the hoe, plow (both leisi style and the plowshare), axe, digging wells, agricultural irrigation, preserving stored seeds by using boiled horse urine, the weekly farmers market…”

black bantu negroes of early ancient china agriculture farming 1 65 rain farming and from the tower support black bantu negroes of early ancient china agriculture farming 2rice plowing from east africa to far east china 1 rice plowing from east africa to far east china 2 rice plowing from east africa to far east china 3 rice plowing from east africa to far east china 5 rice plowing from east africa to far east china 5

ethiopian terraces
Hills in Northern Tigray, Ethiopia, are terraced with a series of small dams
rwanda terraces
Terraced crops of Rwanda, Africa
stepped pyramid
Stepped Pyramid of Saqqara, Egypt designed by Imhotep/Joseph

stepped pyramid 2stepped pyramid 3

china terraces 1
Rice Terraces Field Farming Village, Longsheng, Guangxi, China
vietnam terraces fields
Terraced Fields in Vietnam
thailand terraced
Terraced Rice Field in Chiangmai, Thailand

After understanding Shennong’s strong Bantu associations, it makes it more apparent that it is very probably that his various agricultural inventions and advances in China were developed from the rich agricultural tradition and knowledge of the Bantu people. It was the Bantu/Israelites who migrated to China and brought the knowledge of civilization with them. The Betsileo are a group of east African Bantus that we will use to illustrate this.

They established agricultural communities or societies based on herding cattle. They brought with them the technology for iron making, a metal which they used to make weapons for the conquest of their neighbors… Traditional farming methods vary from one ethnic group or location to another, according to population density, climate, water supply, and The most intensive form of cultivation is practiced among the Betsileo and Merina groups of the central highlands, where population densities are the highest. At the other extreme are the extensive slash-and-burn methods of brush clearing and shifting cultivation in the south and the east.”

bestsileo people 1 bestsileo people 2 bestsileo people 3

The Betsileo region of Fianarantsoa is characterized by hills and valleys with rice paddies carved into the sides of them in elaborate terracing systems, in a style reminiscent of those in south East Asia

thailand-pics15-050_edit1 africa rice cultivation brought to china and far east Sierra_Leone_rice_farming africa rice cultivation brought to china and far east 1 africa rice cultivation brought to china and far east 2 african agriculture brought to china and far east 3

The Betsileo diet almost invariably consists of rice accompanied with livestock such as beef, chicken, or duck and secondary crops like cassava, beans and other farm vegetables… The Betsileo are probably the most efficient traditional rice farmers. They construct rice paddies on narrow terraces ascending the sides of steep valleys in the southern portion of the central highlands, creating an intricate landscape reminiscent of Indonesia or the Philippines.

Madagascar Rice Fields of Africa
Madagascar Rice Fields of Africa
Terraced fields of Dira Yeme, Tanzania, Africa.
Terraced fields of Dira Yeme, Tanzania, Africa.
Terraced rice patties of Madagascar
Terraced rice patties of Madagascar

The irrigation systems use all available water, which flows through narrow canals for considerable distances. Some of the rice paddies cover no more than a few square meters. Only those surfaces that cannot be irrigated are planted in dryland crops. In parts of the central highlands two rice crops a year can be grown, but not on the same plot. The Betsileo use a variety of local species that can be sown at different times, employing irrigation to grow some varieties in the dry season and waiting for the rainy season to plant others. The fields surrounding the typical Betsileo village often represent a checkerboard of tiny plots in different stages of the crop cycle.” – Agriculture in Madagascar, Wikipedia

checkerboard rice patties

Through travel on trade routes over the ages, either as Merchants, Warriors, or Slaves/Servants, the people of East Africa found themselves in the Far East.

east africa to far east travel route

Of course they brought their culture, customs and religious beliefs along with them. The Bantus knowledge of metallurgy, blacksmithing, as well as agricultural and animal husbandry helped to advance the civilizations they came into contact with. It was these advances to Chinese civilization, introduced by Shennong, that led to him being venerated as the Divine Farmer and Emperor of China. To this day, many temples exist where Shennong is worshipped as a god for his contributions.

臺南藥王廟正面 shennong temple
Shennong Temple in Taiwan — where he is worshiped under the names King Yan, God of Five Grains, Shennong the Great Emperor, the Ancestor of Farming, Great Emperor of Medicine, God of Earth, and God of Fields

shennong temple taiwan 1 shennong temple taiwan 2 shennong temple taiwan 3

shennong temple black negro god
A statue of Shennong, 6 meter high, in the countryside of Xinpu, northern Taiwan.

So, Shennong, was an Israelite and provides evidence of an ancient Israelite presence in China. However, if Shennong and the other article written about his descendant Chiyou do not provide satisfactory evidence, more thoroughly documented evidence of the Israelite presence can be found in the article Lost Tribes on The Silk Road and The East African Israelites of Zanjiland East Africa to find details on more recent historical waves of the Israelite presence in China and the Far East.

We must remember that Israelites are scattered throughout all kingdoms of the earth and Most High is calling them back from all the places he scattered them. Chinese Israelites and those who desire to worship the Most High God, I AM, of the Hebrew Israelites (Exodus 3:13-15) in spirit and in truth no matter your nationality, it’s time to return to follow the laws and Holy days of our Creator.

“But Zion said, The Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me. Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee.” – Isaiah 49:14-15

minim h5515 china mapfrom palestine to india to china through persia

To gain further details on the Israelite presence in China and the Far East in general, please continue reading through the following links:


Question comments concerns?

Contact: NasiResearch@Instruction.com

OTHER RELATED TOPICS

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The Bantu Branch of Africans are Hebrew Israelites pt 2

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The East African Israelites of Zanjiland

The Israelite Fire Nation: Chiyou and the Battle of Zhoulu

Indigenous Peoples of the Americas and Caribbean are Israelites

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The Land of Sinim: Or, An Exposition of Isaiah XLIX. 12. Together with a Brief Account of the Jews and Christians in China, PG 33

The Land of Sinim: Or, An Exposition of Isaiah XLIX. 12. Together with a Brief Account of the Jews and Christians in China, PG 33
The Land of Sinim: Or, An Exposition of Isaiah XLIX. 12. Together with a Brief Account of the Jews and Christians in China, PG 33

black chinese

The East African Israelites of Zanjiland

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East African region Let’s talk about the Israelite presence in East Africa. Many people are becoming more aware of the presence of Israelites in West African regions and their connection to the Trans-Atlantic slave trade (Deuteronomy 28:15-68), but what about East Africa? We will find that the history of Israelites in East Africa is just as rich as that of their West African relatives. As we review the history of the presence of Israelites in East Africa, we will discover that many Israelites entered into East African regions long before the Roman Conquest of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Multiple waves of Israelite migrations into foreign lands and their vast populations have caused many to misidentify these Israelites as Hamitic. In this particular article we will attempt to provide some history on a few different Israelite migrations into East Africa as well as some information on both how and when they arrived. We will also brief cover some of the more distant countries that the Israelites travelled to after reaching East Africa. All of this information will be provided in attempt to demonstrate the historical validity of the Biblical fact that the Israelite bloodline has been scattered into EVERY kingdom on Earth.

And I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah king of Judah, for that which he did in Jerusalem.” – Jeremiah 15:4

Trade-routes-map_brown-RGB

How and when could the Israelites have arrived in East Africa? The answer to these questions is, various ways and at various different times. However, generally speaking, the Israelites entered into East Africa, mostly, by way of Egypt, following the Nile River south as it parallels the Rift Valley. Following this route down the eastern coasts of Africa has left various branches Israelite communities scattered throughout the region. These various Israelite communities (some remaining separate while others intermarried with local peoples) that settled in East Africa subsequently travelled to the Far East.

Hebrew Israelite East African Rift Valley route

A few examples of how the Israelites entered into East Africa can be found in the Bible. The history of the Hebrew Israelites’ records various accounts of Israelite journeys between Egypt and the land of Canaan.

ancient egypt and canaan egypt and canaanegypt kush canaan

There are many Biblical examples of Israelites migrating into Africa by way of Egypt. Abraham travelled to Egypt long before the Israelites entered into that country. Joseph, one of the 12 sons of Jacob, was sold into slavery and eventually arrived in Egypt from Canaan. Many years, later, Christ also travelled to Egypt where he hid for a time until returning to the land of the Israelites. These and many other examples of Israelite migrations into Africa can be found in the Bible.

path of the ancient hebrews

abrahams journey
Map of Abraham’s migration from Babylon to Syria, through Canaan and into Egypt before returning to Canaan
Joseph's migration to Egypt map
Map of Joseph’s (Jacob’s youngest son, before the birth of Benjamin) journey into Egypt after being sold to Ishmaelites
Christ's migration into Egypt map
Map of Joseph, Mary and Christ’s journey into Egypt

02EEEJESUSEGYPTmap-40-02

After entering Africa by way of Egypt, many of the East African branch of Israelites followed the Nile River and Rift Valley southward. It is interesting to note that the biblically recorded migrations of the Hebrew Israelites closely resembles what historians have labeled as the ‘Bantu Expansion.’

Egypt to Kush east bantu expansion down nile river

Following the Nile River and Great Rift Valley southward, the Israelites passed through and settled in many areas in the land of Kush.

368

The Israelites also settled the areas beyond the land of Kush, which we will discuss shortly. Let’s first discuss an early Israelite presence in Ethiopia.

kush kingdom

The modern country of Ethiopia and peoples of Ethiopia are often identified with the biblical land of Kush. The ancient kingdom of Kush encompassed areas of modern southeast Sudan and northwest Ethiopia. A few years prior to the Assyrian captivity of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, some of the Israelites foresaw the coming desolation and decided to leave Israel before being taken captive. Eldad Ha Dani (the Danite) appeared in a thriving Egyptian Jewish community during the 9th century AD and told a history of when and how a group of Israelites arrived in the land of Kush.

According to the story related by Eldad the Danite, who had it told to him by his ancestors, who in turn were told about it by their ancestors from generation to generation, back to those fateful days, the Ten Tribes were not lost at all. Eldad the Danite related that his own tribe, the Danites, did not wait to be exiled. When the Assyrian empire grew strong and mighty, they saw that there was no hope for them to remain free. Moreover, the Kingdom of the Ten Tribes was at war with the Kingdom of Judah, and the Danites did not want to fight against their own brethren. So they decided to leave the Land of Israel and find a safe place for themselves. It was in the eighth year of the reign of Ahaz of Judah, that is, in the year 3191 (fourteen years before the fall of Samaria) that the Danites took their wives and children, their sheep and cattle, and left the Land of Israel.

egyptian-rule

They went by way of Egypt further down the upper Nile River and settled in Ethiopia, in the land of the negroes of East Africa. The Danites were great warriors, and after fighting many battles against native black tribes, they established themselves securely, with a kingdom of their own.” – Nissan Mindel, Chabad.org

cush-egypt
Isaiah was a prophet during the time of King Ahaz of Judah when, according to Eldad the Danite, a portion of the tribe of Dan left Israel to resettle in Egypt and further south in the land of Cush.

Eldad was a Jewish man of dark skin who suddenly turned up in Egypt and created a great stir in the Egyptian Jewish community (and elsewhere in the Mediterranean Jewish communities he travelled to) with claims that he had come from a Jewish kingdom of pastoralists far to the south. The only language he spoke was a hitherto unknown dialect of Hebrew… He said that the Jews of his own kingdom derived from the tribe of Dan (which included the Biblical war-hero Samson) which had fled the civil war in the Kingdom of Israel between Solomon’s son Rehoboam and Jeroboam the son of Nebat, by resettling in Egypt. From there they moved southwards up the Nile into Ethiopia, and the Beta Israel say this confirms that they are descended from these Danites. Some Beta Israel, however, assert even nowadays that their Danite origins go back to the time of Moses himself, when some Danites parted from other Jews right after the Exodus and moved south to Ethiopia. Eldad the Danite does indeed speak of at least three waves of Jewish immigration into his region, creating other Jewish tribes and kingdoms, including the earliest wave that settled in a remote kingdom of the “tribe of Moses”: this was the strongest and most secure Jewish kingdom of all, with farming villages, cities and great wealth. The Mosaic claims of the Beta Israel, in any case, like those of the Zagwe dynasty itself, are clearly very ancient.” – Beta Israel, Wikipedia

Falasha_Exile_Of_The_Black_

It is very interesting to note that according to Eldad the Danite and the Beta Israel themselves (the Ethiopian “Jews”), Israelite tribes (primarily from the tribe of Dan) had arrived in East African territories even during the Exodus. This is interesting because Greek history states that the Danites (and other Israelite tribes) had also arrived and settled in Greece and other Mediterranean countries, both prior too and during the Exodus. Obviously, at the same time Mediterranean colonization were occuring, there were Israelites migrating south of Egypt. Clearly, Israelites had migrated to many lands outside of Canaan even prior to the Exodus under Moses. However, let us focus on Eldad’s story of the Israelite presence in East Africa during the beginnings of the Kingdom of Kush. Incidentally, the Kingdom of Kush was founded around the same time that the Assyrians were conquering the Northern Kingdom of Israel (c. 720 BC). Shortly before the conquest of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, the tribe of Dan and some branches of other Israelite tribes decided to leave their homeland to avoid trouble. According to Eldad the Danite, they eventually settled in Egypt later moved further south into parts of modern Sudan and Ethiopia—the land of Kush.

ancient kingdom of kush sudan Map of Nile from egypt to kush kingdom sudan kush kingdom cush cushite

Some Israelite tribes, according to Eldad, left the land of Assyria, even after their captivity, and they also settled in Ethiopia.

Jewish Travellers, edited by Elkan Nathan Adler, PG 10-11

Jewish Travellers, edited by Elkan Nathan Adler, PG 10-11
Jewish Travellers, edited by Elkan Nathan Adler, PG 10-11

beta israel ethiopian jews

The presence of Israelite tribes arriving in Hamitic lands after the Assyrian captivity can be attested to by other histories outside of Eldad’s. The kingdom of Kush ruled from the 8th century BC until they were conquered by the Assyrians.

According to Yoruba tradition, there was a great migration of Assyrian refugees (Israelites) that arrived in Kush around the same time as the Assyrians were conquered by the Medes/Persians. The previous conquest of the Kingdom of Kush certainly made the Israelites during the Assyrian captivity aware of the existence of Israelite communities in the land of Kush, which is where they fled to during the collapse of the Assyrian empire before establishing themselves in West African by way of the Sahel.

The Illustrated Timeline of the History of the World By Roshen Dalal PG 18 assyrian empire

israelite migration from assyria to nigeria yoruba west africa negroland
The great migration of Israelite refugees from the collapsing Assyrian Empire c. 605 B.C. according to Yoruba tradition.

israelite lost tribes jews migration from nile to niger

Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture, Volume 1, By Mark Avrum Ehrlich, PG 454
Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture, Volume 1, By Mark Avrum Ehrlich, PG 454
incense road israel yemen east africa
The modern country of Yemen is located within the Kingdom of Sheva on the map above where ‘Marib’ is located. A large Israelite community existed there.

A popular misconception among scholars today is that a Jewish migration from the Mediterranean through Northern Sudan would have been “nebulous” (Quirin, 2010, p. 10). Thus, a majority of scholars suggest South Arabia as the likeliest source of Aksum’s Jewish influence. Yet, the wide range of historical, archeological, and linguistic evidence—including the institutionalization of Greek during the fourth century CE—signify that contacts between Aksum and the Mediterranean were strong and direct. In fact, Aksum’s economic prosperity is inseparable from its reputation as a “master of the Indian Ocean-Mediterranean trade routes”  (Adler & Pouwels, 2014, p. 229)

Meroe asian trade routes ad 400 kingdom of aksum saba sheba

Thus, in context of the historical, archeological, and geographical indications, it is reasonable to suggest that the first Jewish elements within Aksum trace to Kush. A number of accounts, including those provided in Beta Israel traditions suggest that the ancestors of the group arrived through the Nile Valley (Quirin, 2010, p. 23). As mentioned, Biblical passages, in addition to a number of extra-Biblical traditions, suggest an Israelite presence in Kush, particularly in Zephaniah 3:10… In addition to Eldad Ha-Dani, Obadiah of Bertinoro during the fifteenth century suggests that the spices sold by the Kushites “come from” (Abrahams & Montefiore, 1889) the Beta Israel, and Chief Rabbi David ibn Zimra of Egypt in the sixteenth century identifies the Beta Israel as the Jews from “the Land of Cush” (as cited in Bleich, 1977, p. 302).” – Early Jews of Aksum, by Ibrahim Omer, Genetic Literacy Project

1920-Sudan.jpg~original kingdom_of_aksum__ca_6th_century_ad__by_waffle_republic-d7yabst

Further support for the fact that the Yoruba of Nigeria and other Israelites had arrived in African territories by way of Syria or Yemen can be found in the etymology of the name Abyssinia (another name for Ethiopia). Many branches of different Israelite tribes that migrated into Yemen and Ethiopia named the towns that they lived in ‘Gaza,’ which meant ‘emigrants’. The Israelite ‘emigrants’ or Gaza used this term to refer to themselves as well as the lands that that emigrated to and inhabited in Kushite territory.

Abyssinia, or Ethiopia Asiatic Journal, Volume 28, PG 695-696

Asiatic Journal, Volume 28, PG 695-696
Asiatic Journal, Volume 28, PG 695-696

Israelite migration into east africa

The historical records of the Greeks have also made us aware of the fact that a wave Israelites from Syria also immigrated to the land of Abyssinia during the time of Alexander “the Great”. The many waves of Israelites arriving in Africa from Syria, and the historical documentation of such events by people other than the Yoruba themselves, provides further credence that the Yoruba and other Israelites did indeed come from the Syria/Palestine area before settling in African lands.

Selections from the Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependencies, Volume 2, PG 1007the_highlands__of_ethiopia_by_al_brazyly-d5tx1vm

Selections from the Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependencies, Volume 2, PG 1007
Selections from the Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependencies, Volume 2, PG 1007

These different waves of Israelite migrations into East African lands, that can be dated back to times even before the Israelite Exodus from Egypt, provide us with the historical background to associate many different East African peoples with the descendants of the ‘Lost Tribes’ of Israel. One such group of Israelites (also known as Syro-Jews) in East Africa, in the land of Abyssinia/Ethiopia, are also known as Falasha. The term Falasha (a derogatory term meaning foreigners/exhiles/refugees) is a term that refers to Beta Israel—The Israelites of Ethiopia.

Beta Israel traditions claim that the Ethiopian Jews are descended from the lineage of Moses himself, some of whose children and relatives are said to have separated from the other Children of Israel after the Exodus and gone southwards, or, alternatively or together with this, that they are descended from the tribe of Dan, which fled southwards down the Arabian coastal lands from Judaea at the time of the breakup of the Kingdom of Israel into two kingdoms in the 10th century BCE. (precipitated by the oppressive demands of Rehoboam, King Solomon’s heir), or at the time of the destruction of the northern kingdom of Israel in the 8th century BCE. Certainly there was trade as early as the time of King Solomon down along the Red Sea to the Yemen and even as far as India, according to the Bible, and there would therefore have been Jewish settlements at various points along the trade routes. There is definite archaeological evidence of Jewish settlements and of their cultural influence on both sides of the Red Sea well at least 2,500 years ago, both along the Arabian coast and in the Yemen, on the eastern side, and along the southern Egyptian and Sudanese coastal regions.” – Habesha people, Wikipedia

Sahel
The Sahel region: a belt up to 1,000 km (620 miles) wide that spans the 5,400 km in Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea

sahel migration routes sahel route sahara israelite migrations into africa

Different branches of the Israelites entered into Africa by trade routes through Egypt, Arabia and Yemen. Some established themselves in the West African Negro-land, such as the Yoruba people of Nigeria, by way of the Sahel, while others continued traveling southward down the Nile and Great Rift Valley to establish themselves in the East African Negroland that we will discuss later.

africa-riftrift valley 1African Rift Valley Mapnile river valleyEthiopian-migrant-in-Yemen

Returning to the history of Eldad the Danite, we understand that’s branches of several of the tribes of Israel migrated from Northern Israel, through Egypt and into the land of Kush. According to Eldad, the time of this migration occurred during the 8th year of the reign of King Ahaz of Judah. Some scholars date the reign of Ahaz from 732 BC to 716 BC, while others believe it to be from 744-728 BC. With these time frames we can derive an estimate that the migration of Israelites from Israel to Kush, according to the history of Eldad, began sometime between 736 and 724 BC but definitely before the Assyrian Captivity of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, c 721 BC. At the time of the Israelite arrival, the Kingdom of Kush was ruling of the land of Kush as well as the land of Mitzraim (Egypt).

kush cush empire 700 bc


THE STORY OF NUBIA

The capital of the Kingdom of Kush at the time of the Israelites arrival, both before and after the Assyrian captivity of Israel, was Meroe. Meroe was a very important city-state of the Kingdom of Kush that was strongly influenced by the Egyptians. Over 200 pyramids can be found in Meroe, which is evidence of the Egyptian influence on the Kingdom of Kush. This same Egyptian culture that strongly influenced the Kingdom of Kush was later found across the Indian Ocean.

the-routes-of-african-ivory-and-rhino-horns-to-asia_16e3

In addition to Eldad Ha-Dani, Obadiah of Bertinoro during the fifteenth century suggests that the spices sold by the Kushites “come from” (Abrahams & Montefiore, 1889) the Beta Israel, and Chief Rabbi David ibn Zimra of Egypt in the sixteenth century identifies the Beta Israel as the Jews from “the Land of Cush” (as cited in Bleich, 1977, p. 302). After tedious research, Kessler (2012, p. 60) analyzes: Scholars agree that the Jewish religion had a considerable following in the Axumite state before the time of King Ezana and as it is probable that there was a Jewish presence in the neighboring kingdom of Meroë with which Axum was in communication Jewish influences could have followed the well-worn routes across the border by way of the Blue Nile and Atbara rivers, while similar, though somewhat different, influences could also have penetrated from south Arabia and subsequently disappeared.” – Early Jews of Aksum, by Ibrahim Omer, Genetic Literacy Project

ancient kush kingdom Sudan_Meroe_Pyramids_30sep2005_2 Discovered in 1974, the statue of the 'Archer King' Trade routes from Africa to India and Southeast Asia

It is very interesting to note that the presence of Israelites in land of Kush as well as in India is documented in the Holy Bible. During the time of Mordecai and the Persian Empire (stretching from the land of Kush on the West unto India on the East) a letter was written that addressed, among many peoples, all the Jews of the 127 Persian provinces. These provinces included Kush and India, which provides Biblical support for the fact that Israelites lived in the lands of Kush and also in India, at least as far back as 5th century BC. We also know that some of these Israelites were the products of the 7th century BC Assyrian captivity that placed some Israelites in the cities of the Persians and Medes. This gives us an estimate of, at least, three centuries of Israelite presence in Assyrian and Persian territories, which included both Kush and India.

Persian Empire

“Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India H1912 unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.” – Esther 8:9

A fact of further interest comes to light when we examine the Hebrew word translated as India in the King James Version biblical text. The word of for India, in regards to one of the 127 Persian provinces, is:

Strong’s H1912הֹדוּ Hôdûw, ho’-doo; of foreign origin; Hodu (i.e. Hindustan):—India.

Hindostan_1814

This same region of India, known to the ancient Hebrew Israelites as Hodu, is identified with Hindostan. Hindostan is a word of Persian origin and it’s meaning provides more support for the fact that Israelites lived in India/Hindostan.

The Illustrated Universal Gazetteer, edited by William Ainsworth, PG 667
The Illustrated Universal Gazetteer, edited by William Ainsworth, PG 667

blacks of east bengal

A System of Geography, Popular and Scientific, Volume 4, By James Bell, PG 412
A System of Geography, Popular and Scientific, Volume 4, By James Bell, PG 412

Aravaan Tamil Movie of people of Hindstan black landHodu Hindu means black

The Persian meaning of the name Hindostan can be translated as ‘Black land’ or ‘Black country’. This was in reference to the people of the land who were classified as ‘Blacks’. This is very significant, as we have already briefly noted the influence of Egypt and Nubia Kush that arrived in India by way of the India Ocean trade routes. History also bares witness to the presence of Israelite-Phoenician ships, during the time of King Solomon that also arrived in India, establishing trade colonies. Among these Black people that arrived in India from various lands ruled by blacks, were heavy populations of Israelites who are also classified as Blacks/Negroes. In fact, the West African land of the blacks, known as Negroland, supplied the Negro populations that later spread down the western coasts of Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean, the same process of the dispersion of Negro Israelites occurred down the East African coast and across the India Ocean. The East African Negroland was established on the eastern coast of Africa, south of the territories of Kush and the Horn of Africa. Continually following the Nile River and Great Rift Valley southward would lead the migrating Israelites into the East African Negroland.

sudan-map_2971267a RiftValley bantu expansion east africa

The East African Negroland is known by many names but we will focus on the name Zanj. Zanj comes from the Persian word for ‘negro’ and was borrowed by the Arabs to refer to Bilad al-Zanj or ‘The land of the Blacks”. Bilad al-Zanj was a territory in reference to he Bantu Africans of East Africa. The Bantu peoples on the eastern coasts are related to the Bantus in the Western African territories, Bilad al-Sudan, which also means ‘land of the Blacks’ in Arabic.

Muhammad and the Course of Islam, By H. M. Balyuzi, PG 269
Muhammad and the Course of Islam, By H. M. Balyuzi, PG 269

land of zany

The World of the Swahili: An African Mercantile Civilization, By John Middleton, PG 12
The World of the Swahili: An African Mercantile Civilization, By John Middleton, PG 12

Lost city of Zinj ZanjZanzibar: Its History and Its People, By W.H. Ingrams, PG 24

east-africa-kenya-tanzania-seychelles-zanzibar-madagascar-sudan-1683-old-map-[2]-194959-pnegroes of zanzibarSwahili people-097Zanjibar land of Zanj

Zanzibar: Its History and Its People, By W.H. Ingrams, PG 24
Zanzibar: Its History and Its People, By W.H. Ingrams, PG 24

swahili negros of zanjibar zanzibarthe_island_of_zanzibarerythraean sea indian oceanland of zanj east african negroland Uncovering the History of Africans in Asia, edited by Shihan de Silva Jayasuriya, Jean-Pierre Angenot, PG 9tumblr_nnytcpcpZL1uq9yimo5_1280 zurbznHorn

Uncovering the History of Africans in Asia, edited by Shihan de Silva Jayasuriya, Jean-Pierre Angenot, PG 9
Uncovering the History of Africans in Asia, edited by Shihan de Silva Jayasuriya, Jean-Pierre Angenot, PG 9

IvorytonZanzibarNatives1-e1358561219906 IvoryGra

omani territoriesmasked swahili ladies indian-ocean-azania

“The words Azania and Zingis are probably connected with the Arabic name for the Coast Zanj or Zinj, which is no doubt the same as the Persian Zang; a negro. Bar in Swahili means Coast and from those two words we have the Arabic Zangibar, or Zanjibar…” – The Directory of East African, Uganda & Zanzibar, By ‪Standard Printing & Pub. Works, 1909, PG 17

map of zanzibar

The eastern Negroland, Bilad al-Zanj, Bahr al-Zanj or Azania (as known to the Greco-Romans), is also synonymous with the region of east Africa known as the Swahili Coast.

land of zanj swahili coasts 1

“The meaning of the name Zanzibar is also known. The Swahili coast — that area of land from southern Somalia to northern Mozambique, was known as Zingion from about the six century AD. It came to be known by the same name by Arab travellers from the 9th to the 15th centuries.” – Zanzibar and the Swahili coast from c. 30,000 years ago, By Felix Chami, PG 16

east-africa-and-islam-southernization-map1swahili mapciv-kilwa-loading-screenarabSlaveMarketzanj slavesarab slave caravan

The Swahili Coast or the Land of Zanj was well known for its trade across the Indian Ocean and it is by way of this trade that many Israelites arrived in the Far East. Despite the fact that many Israelites (Bantu Africans) were taking into eastern countries by Arabs as slaves, many more Israelites actually travelled into eastern lands, both prior to the Arab slave trade and afterwards, as sailors, merchants, mercenaries, musicians, etc. It was not uncommon for these Zanji to be promoted to high-ranking position or to even gain rulership.

Africans-to-SW-Asia-11 An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, By Ababu Minda Yimene, PG 81 An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, By Ababu Minda Yimene, PG 81 The Sidi ProjectWorld_Map_Slave_Route2-rd  Sidis gujarat

Not only were the Zanji East Africans great warriors and rulers but they were also exceptional seafarers. In fact, as mariners, the East African Negro Zanji were some of the very best sailors as well was ferocious warriors. So valiant were the Zanj Negroes, who were called Sheedi in India/Balouchistan region, that it was said that only one Sheedi man was needed on board a ship to deter pirates at sea.

zanj boat

The Siddis were a tightly knit group, highly aggressive, and even ferocious in battle. They were employed largely as security forces for Muslim fleets in the Indian Ocean, a position they maintained for centuries. The Siddi commanders were titled Admirals of the Mughal Empire, and received an annual salary of 300,000 rupees. According to Ibn Battuta (1304-1377), the noted Muslim writer who journeyed through both Africa and Asia, the Siddis “are the guarantors of safety on the Indian Ocean; let there be but one of them on a ship and it will avoided by the Indian pirates and idolaters.”

zanji ship dhows9-crop An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, By Ababu Minda Yimene, PG 82 alexander zanji soldiers smithsonian3the_zanj_by_al_brazyly-d4zsvr5-1 zanji warriorszanji 1 zanji 2zanj of india An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, By Ababu Minda Yimene, PG 82

An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, By Ababu Minda Yimene, PG 82
An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, By Ababu Minda Yimene, PG 82
black_sultans_of_india_by_al_brazyly-d42irpj
16th and 17th century islamic minitature paintings showing two formerly enslaved Zanj East Africans that would become powerful leaders of the Deccan sultanate in India, (LFT) Sultan Ikhlas Khan and (RT) Malik Ambar.

sidi badr east african zanji india gujarat tumblr_niltrfFzYD1tu1fv2o4_r1_1280 tumblr_niltrfFzYD1tu1fv2o1_500 tumblr_niltrfFzYD1tu1fv2o2_1280 d8f24073b9e7a3fd66cf426b5af20eb9-1 _79727739_2africa

Screen Shot 2015-10-19 at 9.51.52 PM
The old man who upbraided the Negro and the girl for flirting (Mughal India 1629)

Colophon_portrait_from_the_Khamsa_of_Nizami_-_BL_Or._MS_12208_f._325v

The East African Bantus of the land of Zanj (Negroland of East African) were indeed Israelites and we have found that many of them have travelled to distant lands and operated on all levels of society—from slave to ruler. The land of Zanj was not only desirable as a location to live for various branches of Israelite Bantu people but also a land filled with valuable resources. As a result, many different nations across the Indian Ocean came to the land of Zanj to trade. The comments of a 12th century muslim scholar of the pre-colombian era demonstrate the long history of exchange between the Zanj and South East Asia.

East African coast zanj land

Al-Idrisi, a Muslim geographer, cartographer and Egyptologist, in his description of the Negro-land (Bilad al-Zanj) in the the Ninth Section of the First Clime, he says:

Islamic Studies, Volume 3, By Islamic Research Institute, 1964, PG 207

“And the people of Q.m.r [i.e. the Khmer] and the merchants of the territories of Maharaj [i.e. Malaysia] come to them, associate with them and trade with them [the Zanj].” – Islamic Studies, Volume 3, By Islamic Research Institute, 1964, PG 207

Zanj Negroes of Java
Zanj Negroes of Java

monsoon-winds-and-dhows-careened-in-darajani-creek-historical-zanzibar

“Ancient Chinese texts also mention ambassadors from Java presenting the Chinese emperor with two Seng Chi (Zanji) slaves as gifts, and Seng Chi slaves reaching China from the Hindu kingdom of Sri Vijaya in Java” – Africa in the Iron Age: c.500 BC-1400 AD (Cambridge University Press: 1975), By Roland Oliver, PG 192

TaoXian_MoLe

“Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass unto this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests, been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, and to a spoil, and to confusion of face, as it is this day.” – Ezra 9:7

india1east african indian ocean trade zanj chinanegro zanji in china zanji people Semang-Negroid-Negrito-Australoid-Malaysia tumblr_l13fdzLzI61qaumzb

Not only did the Zanji trade with and travel to Southeast Asia but the also reached as far as China and Japan. The Swahili Coast and the land of Zanj was the spring-board catapulting East African Bantu’s into the far East. In fact, according to Al Jahiz, the people of China were considered to be blacks, or at least, large populations Blacks (Zanji/Negroes) could be found in China and South East Asia.

Al-Jahiz
Al-Jahiz

The blacks are more numerous than the whites. The whites at most consist of the people of Persia, Jibal, and Khurasan, the Greeks, Slavs, Franks, and Avars, and some few others, not very numerous; the blacks include the Zanj, Ethiopians, the people of Fazzan, the Berbers, the Copts, and Nubians, the people of Zaghawa, Marw, Sind and India, Qamar and Dabila, China, and Masin… the islands in the seas between China and Africa are full of blacks, such as Ceylon, Kalah, Amal, Zabij, and their islands, as far as India, China, Kabul, and those shores.” – Islam, from the Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinople: Religion and society, By Bernard Lewis, PG 214

Other research has also supported the fact that Zanji traded with, and travelled to the Far East.

China-Africa-Relations

Kenyan and Chinese archaeologists have unearthed evidence that clearly demonstrates the history of the Old Malindi kingdom. The experts announced they had come across a large ancient building built with a mixture of small stones and plastered with red earth that could date back in the 14th century before the coming of the Portuguese. The archeologists said the style of the building was Swahili… The excavation work ongoing is part of the second phase of the Sh200 million (more than USD 2.3 millions) research projects meant to trace the ancient trade links of the Chinese along the Kenyan Coast

dhows of kenya

… Later in November, another group of experts will be in the country to do underwater archeology in search of a shipwreck believed to have been used for trade during the ninth century. The underwater excavation will be screened live by the Chinese state television CCTV. National Museums of Kenya’s Coast region assistant director Athman Hussein and head of Coastal archeology Jambo Haro said the project, dubbed Sino-Kenya project, is funded by the Chinese government to the tune of Sh200 million (more than USD 2.3 millions). “What we want to do work is to look for ancient Malindi Kingdom. You know the kingdom is a famous in China because in ancient literature material, the Chinese began to record it from the ninth century and they keep writing,” said Qin… In 2008, a shipwreck, estimated to be between 400-600 years old, was discovered in Ngomeni by Kenyan underwater archeologist Caesar Bita, who said the East African coast has been very active in terms intercontinental trade. “We have got evidence of the connections between the Swahili Coast and the Persian Gulf and West Coast of India and China… We have done some investigations and found evidence in terms of pottery that tells us that really there has been commerce between Kenya and China,” said Bita…” – Kenya: Ruins of Old Malindi Kingdom Discovered

east african china trade

Ming porcelain was found in many African countries. Celadon and blue and white porcelain were excavated in Al- Fustat Site in Egypt, Somali, Ethiopian ancient city sites, and an ancient site near Kenya. Blue and white porcelain of Jingdezhen were found in Tanganyika site and Dehua kiln of Jingdezhen.” – gotheborg.com

zhenghe3 Export of Rhino Horn ivory

chinese finds in eastern Africa pre-colonial
The Chinese traded with East Africans/Zanjis (with heavy populations of Israelite descendants among them) along the Swahili Coasts of East Africa’s Negroland
trade-routes-in-eastern-africa
Although the Chinese envoys traded on the East Coast, they received goods from deep in the interior of Africa.
angola congo to zanj land east african trade routes
Many goods (exotic plants & animals, ivory, gold, iron ore, weapons, etc..) from Southwest Africa and Bantu African in general, found their way to east African shipping ports.

east african trade 1000 AD1MtepeBoat

jahiz giraffe_
A Giraffe (zurafa) and its driver, from Jahiz’s Kitab al-Hayawan (book on animals)

42giraffe-in-chinaSilk Road_06 copy indianoceanarea PrenticeHall_trade_routes_africa_asia

The East African trade routes connected with the West African trade routes, supplying a variety of goods and culture to be exchanged at the East African coastal ports. However, despite the diversity found amongst the peoples from East to West Africa, history provides evidence of a deep underlying cultural and herititary connection between the two—the Hebrew language.

In our attempts to find further evidence in support of the Hebrew Israelites’ migration in to East Africa, and African in general, we find very strong support in the writings of a certain Greek navigator. In his description of the peoples of both East and West, Eudoxus of Cnidus makes some surprising observations. While circumnavigating Africa, from East to West, Eudoxus noted that the East African Zanji’s and the West African Negroes not only share similar customs, style of dress and physical appearance, but that they also spoke the same language! Could they have been the same people? The reported observations of the Greek Eudoxus would seem to answer with a resounding, YES!

bantu congoleseSelections from the Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependancies, Vol. 2, PG 1005-1006Selections from the Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependancies, Vol. 2, PG 1005-1006Selections from the Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependancies, Vol. 2, PG 1005-1006 fig009africankingdomsBa Twa Congo Occ

It appears as if the Bantu Expansion can be completely credited to the Israelite migration into Africa and subsequent conquest of its indigenous Hamitic peoples. The Bantus populated sub-Saharan Africa by stretching across its Eastern and West coasts, as well as establishing communities deep within the interior of the continent.

“… The Bantu and the Hebrew drew upon the same prehistoric sources of culture and religious practices,” and again: “There are many indications that there was at least a common source from which arose the Hebrew culture and that this also descended from that. There are many place names in Palestine and more especially in the eastern end of the Arabian peninsula that resemble Bantu names.” Anthropological Series of the Boston College Graduate School, Volume 3, Boston College Press, PG 360

bantu expansion map

The Bantu Expansion parallels the biblical records and tribal traditional migration routes of the ancient Hebrew Israelites.

indian-ocean-trade1history-map-05bantu expansion from Kush Aksum

Let us continue to follow the journey of the East African descendants of the Hebrew Israelites, following down the Nile and Great Rift Valley.
EastAfricanRiftsNile Rive Basin cairo to kenya

As we continue following the trail of the Israelites down the Nile River and Great Rift Valley we arrive in the territory of modern Kenya. Within Kenya, we encounter a few different tribes of East Africans who claim descent from the ancient Israelites. One of the tribes is the Kikuyu.

KenyaEthncT
“Kikuyu, also called Giguyu, Gekoyo, or Agekoyo, are a Bantu-speaking people who live in the highland area of south-central Kenya, near Mount Kenya” – Encyclopedia Britannica

kikuyu elder

“As regards Kenya, Father Ciatti states: “Comparing this belief with the laws and customs of the Hebrews, it can easily be concluded that the Agekoyo [Kikuyu] have had some contact with the Hebrews after their departure from Egypt, or we might perhaps say, from a Hebrew branch that had separated itself from the Hebrew people before the entrance into the Promised Land.”” – Anthropological Series of the Boston College Graduate School, Volume 3, Boston College Press, PG 361

Leviticus: The Priestly Laws and Prohibitions from the Perspective of Ancient Near East and Africa, By Johnson M. Kimuhu, PG 362-363kikuyu 1

Leviticus: The Priestly Laws and Prohibitions from the Perspective of Ancient Near East and Africa, By Johnson M. Kimuhu, PG 362-363
Leviticus: The Priestly Laws and Prohibitions from the Perspective of Ancient Near East and Africa, By Johnson M. Kimuhu, PG 362-363

Mau Mau

The Masai people of Kenya and Tanzania are the neighbors of the Kikuyu people. Although the Masai are not considered to be Bantu they seem to share many common features and cultural customs of the Hebrew Israelites, just as the Kikuyu do. In fact, some of these Hebrew Israelite customs were taught by the Kikuyu to the Masai people.

Mara-Young-Men-Jumping

The London Quarterly Review, Volume 6; Volume 108, edited by William Lonsdale Watkinson, William Theophilus Davison, PG 104
The London Quarterly Review, Volume 6; Volume 108, edited by William Lonsdale Watkinson, William Theophilus Davison, PG 10

LFT Masai warrior RT Kikuyu warrior masai of mombasa Marcel Mauss: A Centenary Tribute, By Wendy James, Marcel Mauss, N. J. Allen, PG 52

Marcel Mauss: A Centenary Tribute, By Wendy James, Marcel Mauss, N. J. Allen, PG 52
Marcel Mauss: A Centenary Tribute, By Wendy James, Marcel Mauss, N. J. Allen, PG 52

masai shofar horn blower 1 Black Jews in Africa and the Americas, By Tudor Parfitt, PG 56

Black Jews in Africa and the Americas, By Tudor Parfitt, PG 56
Black Jews in Africa and the Americas, By Tudor Parfitt, PG 56
Ngorongoro,_Tanzania_-_Maasai_people
The Masai carry staffs which was customary of the ancient Israelites. “And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover.” – Exodus 12:11
masai kenya shofar jews israelites
The Masai of Kenya/Tanzania identify with the ancient Israelites and use the Kudu Ram Horn as the Israelite Shofar.

kenyan israelite shofar horn jews

BBQ_small
Not only did the Masai adhere to strict dietary rules similar to those of the Hebrew Israelites but they also burned their meat with fire in order to remove blood from the food. The Israelites practiced the same custom.
Purity and Monotheism: Clean and Unclean Animals in Biblical Law, By Walter Houston, PG 204
Purity and Monotheism: Clean and Unclean Animals in Biblical Law, By Walter Houston, PG 204
news-masai
Nomadic Israelites Herdsman followed the Nile River and the Great Rift Valley southward on the East Africa coast, establishing various communities and tribal branches along their southern route.

East-African-Transport-old_i1

Route Maasai-elder-in-tanzania-012

Kenya and Tanzania are both part of the African Great Lakes region. The Great Lakes region of East African is surrounded by other Bantu and East African peoples who also claim to be descendants of the Hebrew Israelites as well, such as the a Hutu and Tutsi people of Rwanda, Burundi, and the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

east africaruandaMicombero

Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory, and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania, By Liisa H. Malkki, PG 100
Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory, and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania, By Liisa H. Malkki, PG 100

nyanza hospital run by icrc. must have been may or june 1994. hutu moderate man macheted by interahamwe or hutu troops.modern-africa-22-728Burundi-Tutsi-Hutu-History-Women

Interestingly enough, and in parallel comparison to the relationship between the Nigerian Yoruba and the Igbo, the Tutsi rivals of the Hutu peoples also claim Israelite ancestry. Many wars have been fought between the two groups but ancient history proves their common ancestral connections.

tutsi men

Talking Or Fighting?: Political Evolution in Rwanda and Burundi, 1998-1999, By Filip Reyntjens, PG 20
Talking Or Fighting?: Political Evolution in Rwanda and Burundi, 1998-1999, By Filip Reyntjens, PG 20

tutsi hair cuts

Uganda Review, Volumes 16-18, By Selum Publications, PG 19
Uganda Review, Volumes 16-18, By Selum Publications, PG 19

tutsim 2PQYT

Just south of Kenya we find the modern country of Tanzania. Tanzania is home to many different Bantu African tribes that are descended from the Hebrew Israelites. The peoples of Tanzania played an integral role in East African trade with the Arab world and the Far East. They also had many cultural and religious affinities with the ancient Israelites of whom they were descended from.

africa_haya_smelting
The Haya or Bahaya are a Tanzanian branch of Banyankole-Banyoro-Batoro of Uganda.

The Haya people of Tanzania have been linked to one of the greatest scientific breakthroughs of all time: the invention of steel. Archaeologist Peter Schmidt discovered through a literalist combination of archaeology and oral tradition that the Haya had been forging steel for around 2000 years.” – Haya people, Wikipedia

africa_haya_smelterSMELTING IRON IN Africa - ILLUSTRATION tanzania-location-map-in-africa-black-and-white Anthropological Series of the Boston College Graduate School, Volume 3, Boston College Press, 1938, PG 354

Anthropological Series of the Boston College Graduate School, Volume 3, Boston College Press, 1938, PG 354
Anthropological Series of the Boston College Graduate School, Volume 3, Boston College Press, PG 354

The Bahaya people were not only Israelites, but they were also early pioneers in the production of Steel!

Jet Magazine Dec 21, 1978, PG 56
Jet Magazine Dec 21, 1978, PG 56

The Bahaya people’s advanced knowledge of metallurgy and the ability to produce Steel from iron blast furnaces allowed them to produce superior quality tools and weapons. This in turned allowed them to be more successful in agricultural endeavors and warfare. Knowledge of the production of steel tools and weapons contributed greatly to the Bantu/Israelite Exanpsion in Africa and into foreign lands. The Bahaya traded these superior goods, from the East coast of Africa, to Arabs, Persians, Chinese, and other foreign merchants.

The Origin of African Ironworking
The Bantu migrations and the origin and spread of African Iron working closely resembles the Israelite migrations, from Syria/Palestine, into Africa.

w42_bantu_ironworking Time Magazine Africas ancient steelmakers Tanzania iron furnace

The Haya were centuries ahead of European metallurgists.

When Anthropologist Peter Schmidt first visited the Haya people of Tanzania on the western shore of Lake Victoria, nine years ago, his goal was to study their complex heritage, which is passed orally from one generation to the next. On that and subsequent trips, he not only accomplished what he had set out to do but made a serendipitous discovery that alters the history of technology.

Writing in the current issue of Science, Schmidt and Metallurgy Professor Donald Avery, both of Brown University, report that as long as 2,000 years ago, the Haya people were producing medium-carbon steel in preheated, forced-draft furnaces. A technology this sophisticated was not developed again until nearly 19 centuries later, when German-born Metallurgist Karl Wilhelm Siemens, who is generally credited with using an open-hearth furnace, produced the first high-grade carbon steel.” – TIME Magazine

tree-of-iron

lembamap

Moving even further south along the East Africa Coast we finally end up in the Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South African region. Although there are many Bantu peoples in the area, one of the Bantu peoples that have some of th strongest and most recognized claims to ancient Israelite heritage are the Lemba people.

lemba elder

Lemba route
The Lemba, wa-Remba, or Mwenye are a southern African ethnic group found in present-day Zimbabwe and South Africa, with smaller, little-known branches in Mozambique and Malawi… The name “Lemba” may originate in chilemba, a Swahili word for turbans worn by some Bantu peoples, or lembi, a Bantu word meaning “non-African” or “respected foreigner”.

lemba jewAremba Jews

In the late 20th century the British scholar Tudor Parfitt, an expert in marginal Jewish groups, became involved in researching the Lemba’s claims. He helped trace ancestors to Senna, what they believe is an ancestral city on the Arabian peninsula, in present-day Yemen. In an interview featured on NOVA in 2000, Parfitt said he was struck by the Lemba’s maintenance of rituals that seemed Jewish and/or Semitic:

The other thing was the extraordinary importance they placed upon ritual slaughter of animals, which is not an African thing at all. Of course, it’s Islamic as well as Judaic, but it’s certainly from the Middle East, it’s not African. And the fact that every lad was given a knife with which he did his ritual throughout his life and took to his grave. That seemed to me to be remarkably, tangibly Semitic Middle Eastern.” – PBS NOVA

jewish-06-1999 lembas first synagoguezimbabwe_jews_synagogue Shofar lembahamlet zhou shofar

hamlet_zhou_lemba_073012_620px
Hamlet Zhou, a Lemba musician

The Lemba claim to have travelled an alternate route of travel to South East Africa, than the one we have previously discussed. They are believed to have traveled southward, from Israel, through Arabia before settling in Yemen. From Yemen they then travel by sea and/or by land into their current location in the Southeast African territories.

Yemen to Zimbabe Mozambique Great_Zimbabwe_world

The Lemba are not the only people in the area to have been considered to be connect with the ancient Hebrew Israelites. Many of the other groups surrounding the Lemba as have Israelite ancestry that arrived by the routes we have discussed previous to the Lemba. Some of the different African tribal groups perhaps have Israelite ancestry that arrived and settled in the South East African regions as early as the times of King Solomon, King David or further back in ancient history. Evidence of the Israelite presence in the region can be found in the magnificent architecture found in the ruins of the stone city of Great Zimbabwe.

zimbabwe

great zimbabwe 1
“The first thing that draws the visitor’s eye is the high level of craftmanship that went into the construction of the site. Skillful stonemasons built massive dry-stone walls, incorporating large natural boulders into some of the structures. Walls extend between rocky outcrops and massive rocks, forming a maze of narrow passageways and the enclosures.”

Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65 great-zimbabwe-general-view-ruins-horizontal

Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65
Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65

1Great_Zimbabwe ancient zimbabwe shona man

Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 67
Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 67
Shona_witch_doctor_(Zimbabwe)
Shona witch-doctor (Zimbabwe) with Zebu Horn identical to the Israelite Shofar
170px-Carl_Peters
Carl Peters
Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65
Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65

carl peters german east africa

Shona people
Shona people
Young men from the Ndebele tribe in South Africa pose on their initiation day. 1/Jan/1985. UN Photo/P. www.unmultimedia.org/photo/
Ndebele people
ndebele-women-with-children-590
The influence and migration of the Ndebele people across the Indian Ocean is very evident.
dancing girl of mohenjo daro
LFT: Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan/India, RT: Eastern Java
orissa women
Orissa woman of India of the LFT and the Padaung of Burma on the RT
neck ring people from africa to india to southeast asia
LFT to RT, from top to bottom: Turkana of Kenya, Ndebele of South Africa, Gadaba of India, Bonda of India, Kayan of Tibet-Burma-Thailand
neck ring papua new guinea
Kayan woman on LFT compared to a man from Papua New Guinea
neck ring migration map
The map above highlights (in red) the territories of the tribes that wear the neck rings. These highlighted areas also correspond with the territories of the Austronesian language family.
neck ring fashion
The neck rings of indigenous peoples, who were once consider savages, are now considered to be high fashion

naomi campbell neck rings fashion

giraffe woman ring neck
The influence has even spread to other nations. CLICK THE IMAGE above to view a video clip
Artist Daphne Guinness arrives for the 2012 New York City Ballet Fall Gala at the Lincoln Center in New York September 20, 2012. (REUTERS/Andrew Kelly)
Apparently, the fashion is now trending but few know its East African Origins

GN-11acirca 1955: A Padaung, or Kayan, woman exhales smoke. Originally a Mongolian tribe, the Padaung have been assimilated into the Karen group native to Mayanmar (Burma). A stiking feature of Padaung culture is the fitting of brass rings to the necks and limbs of women born on Wednesdays. From the age of five or six, successive rings are fitted every two years, denoting the status of their family. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images) maxresdefaultA woman from the Ndebele tribe in South Africa. 1/Jan/1988. South Africa. UN Photo/P Mugabane. www.unmultimedia.org/photo/

Both the Ndebele people of South Africa (a bantu people) and the Turkana people of Kenya/Ethiopia (related to the Maasai), who wear the Neck Rings and reside in East Africa, have strong Israelite associations and lineage. Their clear influence in the Indian Ocean region is a result of their travel, trade and colonization of these lands where their descendants would also bring the Israelite bloodline.

zulu people

The Zulu people have also been identified by many historians and scholars as being the descendants of Israelites as well.

Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times, edited by Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times, edited by Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times, edited by Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi

shaka zulu 1

Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times, edited by Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi
Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times, edited by Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi

zulu courage zulu warriors the-zulu-tribe-6-638 se-bantu-map

The territory of the Zulu people borders the modern country of Mozambique, which is where one of Japan’s early Negro Samurai was taken from. It should be understood that the grand majority of Southeastern Africa was populated by Bantu peoples, all of whom have strong Israelite connections. Japan’s samurai Yasuke from Mozambique was descended from this same stock of people.

yasuke 1

Yasuke, (variously rendered as 弥助 or 弥介) (c. 1555/6-?) was a black (African, or of African origin) retainer who was in the service of the Japanese hegemon and warlord Oda Nobunaga between 1581 and 1582… According to Histoire Ecclesiastique Des Isles Et Royaumes Du Japon, written by François Solier of the Society of Jesus in 1627, Yasuke was a Muslim from Mozambique… although there is no evidence, it is also possible that he also came from Portugal, Angola or Ethiopia, and he could conceivably originally have been an African mercenary in the employ of an Indian sovereign, of which there were many at this time…” – Yasuke, Wikipedia

afro samurai yasuke Who's who in Philadelphia, By Charles Frederick White, PG 197-198

Who's who in Philadelphia, By Charles Frederick White, PG 197-198
Who’s who in Philadelphia, By Charles Frederick White, PG 197-198
Black Afro Samurai
Intermarriage between Israelites and Japhetic peoples produced a mixed Japanese population
black and yellow make brown samurai
Black and yellow intermingled produced brown Samurai

israelites intermarried with japhetic people nanban sephardic jews in japan

mozambique to japan yasuke journey
Yasuke’s journey on Portuguese ships from East Africa to Japan
nanban_byobu-l-1453D3DDE3F32414E92
Nanban trade with Portuguese westerners landing in Japan

nanban trade shipsJapan Art Depiction of Blacks

namban street scene portuguese africans
Portuguese Nanban trade ships brought a strong wave of Africans (Bantu Israelites) as well as Black Sephardic Jews to the Far East.

att-kano-naizen-namban-byobu-detail02-1nanban black jews with portuguese jesuitsthe southern nanban barbariansslaves namban artJapanese Embassy Jesuits and Sephardimjesuit and black jew assistantsjesuit japanese yasukenanban yasuke japanese wax museum yasuke video game imagenobunaga and yasuke comparison modern tv show in japan

With the information that we have covered concerning the Bantu Expansion, its relations to ancient Israelite migrations, and their movement down the East coast of Africa, it is not difficult to conclude that Yasuke was a Bantu descendant of the ancient Israelites. He is one of many Israelites that we will discover that traveled to Japan

yasuke 2
According to Histoire Ecclesiastique Des Isles Et Royaumes Du Japon, written by François Solier of the Society of Jesus in 1627, Yasuke was a Muslim from Mozambique

Yasuke probably arrived in Japan in 1579 as the servant, slave, bodyguard, or indentured servant of the Italian Jesuit Alessandro Valignano, who had been appointed the Visitor (inspector) of the Jesuit missions in the Indies, meaning East Africa, South and East Asia. He accompanied Valignano when the latter came to the capital area in March 1581 and caused something of a sensation. In one event, several people were crushed to death while clamouring to get a look at him, the Jesuits feared their church would be flattened but they managed to avert disaster. Nobunaga heard the noise from the temple where he was staying and expressed a desire to see him. Suspecting the black color of his skin to be black ink, Nobunaga had him strip from the waist up and made him scrub his skin. These events are recorded in a 1581 letter of the Jesuit Luis Frois to Lorenço Mexia and in the 1582 Annual Report of the Jesuit Mission in Japan, also by Frois.”

yasuke skin color testyasuke with lord nobunaga

The “Lord Nobunaga Chronicle” (信長公記 Shinchōkōki) corroborates Frois’ account, and describes their meeting thus: “On the 23rd of the 2nd month [March 23, 1581], a black page (黒坊主 “kuro-bōzu”) came from the Christian countries. He looked about 26 [24 or 25 by Western count] or 27 years old; his entire body was black like that of an ox. The man was healthy and good-looking with a good demeanour. Moreover, Nobunaga praised Yasuke’s strength, describing it as that of ten normal men. Nobunaga’s nephew, probably Tsuda Nobusumi, gave him a sum of money at this first meeting.” – Yasuke, Wikipedia

yasuke samurai 1 yasuke samurai 2yasuke samurai 3yasuke samurai 4 yasuke samurai 5yasuke samurai 6nobunaga with yasuke black african samuraiRetake Your Fame: Black Contribution to World Civilization, Vol. 1, Revised Edition, By Aylmer von Fleischeryasuke black african samurai the book

In conclusion to our East African Israelite article we will make our last stop on the Island of Madagascar. This island is said to have many different tribes that are descended from the ancient Israelites. The majorities of the peoples who populated the Island migrated from branches of different East African Israelite tribes looking for new lands as a result of the Bantu Expansion/Israelite migrations.

madagascar 1Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65-66

Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65-66
Orientalism and the Jews, By Ivan Davidson Kalmar, Derek Jonathan Penslar, PG 65-66

zanj of madagascar madagascar-map-1821 madagascar island ethnic tribal groups map sakalava woman of madagascar sakalava girl of madagascar east african negroland land of zany zanj women of madagascar

Langues-autronesiennes
Extensive travel and trade relations existed between Madagascar and Southeast Asia/Polynesia

madagascar zanj women Betsimisaraka_fête bestileo of madagascar

We have finally reached the end of this particular article on East Africa and its Israelites descendants. We discovered how the majority of the Israelites migrated into East Africa by following the Nile River and Great Rift Valley southward, from Egypt to Kush and further.

pre colonial east africa

For those who still find it hard to believe that such a migration is implausible, the same route was travelled by a modern scholar, that walked the Nile from top to bottom  (CLICK HERE). His success provides further evidence that it was indeed possible for the Israelites to have arrived in their modern East African territories by traveling down this ancient route. We now know for certain that the Bantu are Hebrew Israelites and that from West Africa’s Negroland to East Africa’s Land of Zanj, Israelites can be found. These are the same people who were target for slavery and fulfill the Biblical prophesy of Deuteronomy 28:15-68, being scattered all over the world into all kingdoms.

Africa-content_rLP_banner_Tribeswest and east africa negrolandlost tribes of israel black jews in africa


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Black Buddha & The Israelite Buddhists

In this article, we will identify the Buddha and early Buddhist as descendants of Hebrew Israelites.

no_buddhaIt is not the intention of the information presented to encourage or promote the practice of the buddhist religion, as it is extremely pagan. However, an understanding of the history of the originators of Buddhism will help us to better understand the historical Israelite presence and influence in the Far East.

HOW DO WE KNOW BUDDHA AND BUDDHIST WERE ISRAELITES?

Asia BuddhaBlack Buddha Mogao wall

Perhaps unknown to the majority of people, the original Buddha and Buddhists were descendants of the Hebrew Israelites. Despite the many extreme pagan elements of the Buddhists faith, it remains a fact that it was a religion developed by Hebrew Israelite descendants who had migrated all over the world. A brief review of Israelite history will help us to better understand how there could possibly exist any connection between the ancient Israelites and the pagan Buddhists of the East. I assure you that after a brief overview of the post-Assyrian-captivity history, with the use of some visual aids and maps, it will be very clear to see that the early Buddha and Buddhists were indeed Hebrew Israelites (although pagan/gentile in spirituality).

Black Buddha Lotus position 1

Thus wast thou decked with gold and silver; and thy raiment was of fine linen, and silk, and broidered work; thou didst eat fine flour, and honey, and oil: and thou wast exceeding beautiful, and thou didst prosper into a kingdom. And thy renown went forth among the heathen for thy beauty: for it was perfect through my comeliness, which I had put upon thee, saith the Lord God.” – Ezekiel 16:13-14

Black Buddha Lotus position 2

But thou didst trust in thine own beauty, and playedst the harlot because of thy renown, and pouredst out thy fornications on every one that passed by; his it was

buddhist hindu stupa prayer flags colors ezekiel 16 16

And of thy garments thou didst take, and deckedst thy high places with divers colours, and playedst the harlot thereupon: the like things shall not come, neither shall it be so.

Thou hast also taken thy fair jewels of my gold and of my silver, which I had given thee, and madest to thyself images of men, and didst commit whoredom with them” – Ezekiel 16:15-17

Bodhnath-L

“Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.” – 2 Kings 17:13

“They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever” – Jeremiah 25:5

“Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place.” – Jeremiah 7:3

Northern Kingdom Israel to Assyria

The majority of the Israelite Buddhists were the product of the Northern Kingdom of Israel’s betrayal of the worship of the true God, I AM (Exodus 3:13-15, Ezra 9:7). As a result of their adoption of the worship of new gods, as introduced to the Israelites by King Solomon and the nations of his gentile wives, the Northern Kingdom of Israel was removed from their homeland, (“the sight/focus” of the Most High God,) by the ancient Assyrian nation around 721 BC.

“For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them. Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.” – 2 Kings 17:22-23

“In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” – 2 Kings 17:6

“And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.” – 1 Chronicles 5:26

Map - Assyrian

“And I said after she had done all these things, Turn thou unto me. But she returned not. And her treacherous sister Judah saw it.” – Jeremiah 3:7

“And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.” – 2 Kings 23:27

“And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies” – 2 Kings 21:14

JewsInExile

Since both the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah decided to worship the gods of other nations, the Most High God allowed the Assyrians to conquer the Israelites and take them captive in the territories under Assyrian and Persian control. There, the Israelites could continue to worship the lesser gods of the other nations instead of doing it in the Holy Land.

Assyrian Captivity of Israel to Media large-map-of-where-israel-judah-taken-captive

Interestingly enough, the same paganism practiced by the Israelites in their homeland, was continued in the lands of their captivity. The Israelites who were deported into Assyria and Persia/Media, were still worshipping the Sun-god, Baal, that they began worshipping in Egypt and Israel.

The Biblical Prophets for Today, By Keith Malcolm Hunt, PG 16
The Biblical Prophets for Today, By Keith Malcolm Hunt, PG 16

Scythian caravanThe measure of history PG 231

The Measure of History: Sacred and secular. The Standard Scale of Chronology Founder Upon Science, Properly So Called By Charles Adiel Lewis Totten, PG 231
The Measure of History: Sacred and secular. The Standard Scale of Chronology Founder Upon Science, Properly So Called By Charles Adiel Lewis Totten, PG 231

Samaria pagan bull worship

“And he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of mine head; and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the inner gate that looketh toward the north; where was the seat of the image of jealousy, which provoketh to jealousy… Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the Lord’s house which was toward the north; and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz. Then said he unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man? turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations than these. And he brought me into the inner court of the Lord’s house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the Lord, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.” – Ezekiel 8:3, 14-16

The Zoroastrianism of ancient Media/Persia is rooted in Sun/Fire worship. The Israelites in Iran became known as the Saka/Sakai/Sakasuni (son’s of Isaac) and as through passed through the country into India, they introduced these same Persian worships into India. Sakyamuni (Sage of the Saka/Scythian clan) is the individual credited with the introduction of the blend of Scythian and Zoroastrian mystical beliefs to India. He was called the Buddha, and his religion, Buddhism. Buddhism seems to have been heavily influenced by Zoroastrianism:

Head of Mithras
Zoroastrian Head of Mithras

faravahar

The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature, By Har Dayal, PG 39
The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature, By Har Dayal, PG 39

Buddhist Sun Worship black buddha sun worship faravaharAhura+Mazda_3goma fire ritual buddhist hinduism zoroastrian fire sun worship pagan

Foreign Influence on Ancient India, By Krishna Chandra Sagar, PG 34
Foreign Influence on Ancient India, By Krishna Chandra Sagar, PG 34

universal religion catholicos catholic coexist

After living amongst the Assyrians and Persians for many generations, after being removed from the Holy Land, the Israelites became accustomed to these Pagan worships.

hebrew israelite pagan sun worship east rising sun ezekiel 16 16

Then said he unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man? turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations than these…”

hebrew israelite pagan sun worship east rising sun ezekiel 16 16

And he brought me into the inner court of the Lord‘s house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the Lord, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east

hebrew israelite pagan sun worship east rising sun ezekiel 16 16

Then he said unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man? Is it a light thing to the house of Judah that they commit the abominations which they commit here? for they have filled the land with violence, and have returned to provoke me to anger: and, lo, they put the branch to their nose.” – Ezekiel 8:15-17

A Hindu woman holds incense sticks as she offers prayers inside the Alopi Devi temple in Allahabad. Hindu New Year is celebrated Friday, the first day of Navratri, or nine nights festival that honors Hindu goddess of valor, Durga.

Those Israelites living in the Persian Empire, later, influenced parts of India, the home of Buddha and Buddhism. Moreover, the history of the Israelites, in relation to the Scythians, seems to bring us to the conclusion that the Buddha himself was also an Israelite.

The Israelites were scattered and settled in five different areas throughout the Assyrian Empire and maybe even more. However, our focus will be the areas further to the east where some of the tribes of Israel were sent such as Hara and the possible vassal states to Assyria, which were Magan and Meluhha. These areas just mentioned were located in Aria/Hara and in the Indus valley or in India itself. Now from these areas emerged a people known as the Saka or Scythians. These various Saka/Scythian tribes were none other then the exiles or the descendents of the exiles from the northern Kingdom of Israel. The name Saka is a form of the name Isaac for the consonants S-C or S-K and we must understand that in Hebrew no vowels were listed. These various Saka/Scythian tribes eventually migrated to the east entering into what is today the nation of India particular the northwestern part of India. However, some seem to have penetrated and settled in what is today the nation of Nepal, and this is where are investigation begins on origins of the one called Buddha.” – Was Buddha an Israelite?, By Cam Rea

spread_of_buddhism5 Buddhist_Expansion.svg

However, how can we be sure that the Buddha himself was indeed a descendant of the Scythians and Israelites?

CLICK TO READ – The Scythian Israelites: Aryans in Africa and Abroad

also,

  1. VARIOUS HISTORIANS CONIFIRM THE ORIGINAL BUDDHA WAS NEGRO (WE KNOW THE NEGRO IS NOT FROM HAM BUT SHEM).
  2. THE FIRST BUDDHA, SHAKYAMUNI, IS FROM THE SHAKA/SAKA CLAN
  3. THE SHAKA CLAN WAS A BRANCH OF SCYTHIANS AND SCYTHIANS ARE KNOWN TO BE ISRAELITES.

THE HISTORIANS

Sex and Race, Volume 1, By J. A. Rogers, PG 266
Sex and Race, Volume 1, By J. A. Rogers, PG 266
how-was-mogao-grottoes-carved5
The Mogao Cave’s of China were constructed by Black Buddhist-Israelite tradesmen skilled in megalithic stone sculpture

how-was-mogao-grottoes-carved6how-was-mogao-grottoes-carved4 how-was-mogao-grottoes-carved3 how-was-mogao-grottoes-carved2black buddhists mason monksblack buddhists mason monks temple pagoda buildersGodfrey Higgins and his book Anacalypsis sir godfrey higgins anapocalypsis PG 52Sidonsir godfrey higgins anapocalypsis PG 52 107_buddhaGolden Berlin Hat

Berlin Gold hat compared to west african bronze figures
LFT: Oba carved altar tusk, Kingdom of Benin Edo peoples, RT: Berlin Golden Hat

Berliner_Goldhut-Kalenderfunktion1 nigerian oba conical hat

Anacalypsis an Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis or an Inquiry Into the Origin of Languages, Nations, and Religion, Volume 2, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 364
Anacalypsis an Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis or an Inquiry Into the Origin of Languages, Nations, and Religion, Volume 2, By Godfrey Higgins, PG 364
Psalms 82:6-7
“I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.” – Psalm 82:6-7

“To return, however, to the history of Buddha we find among the Brahmins an acknowledgement of his divinity as an avatar, or incarnation of divine wisdom; and a history of his as such. In the first place, Buddha was a Negro—or rather he was what we should now call a Negro if we saw him. His statues in the oldest temples of Asia are black as jet, with the flat face, thick lips, and curly hair of the negro; in some cases the stone is black, in others, which is more to the purpose, it has been blackened, and that this is not the effect of accident is pretty evident from his teeth and the whites of his eyes being white and his lips red. Buddha has many different names, sixteen altogether; three of the chief ones are Buddha, Gautama, Saman.” – The Eagle, Volume 7, PG 147

black buddha 1black sambo buddha red lips negro 1black sambo buddha red lips negro 3black sambo buddha red lips negro 3 black sambo buddha red lips negro 5 black sambo buddha red lips negro 6black sambo buddha red lips negro 2 Daikokuten (大黒天) black buddha lotus position 2 'The_Dhyani_Buddha_Akshobhya',_Tibetan_thangka,_late_13th_century,_Honolulu_Academy_of_Arts

LFT: Buddha ji gong 濟公活佛, RT: Benin Bronze figure with conical hat
LFT: Buddha ji gong 濟公活佛, RT: Benin Bronze figure with conical hat
Tibetan Buddha with conical hat
Tibetan Buddha with conical hat
Phoenician conical hat
Phoenician conical hat

black buddhist stella africa to india map Ghanta bell migration Buddha-Ghanta-Bell Buddhist bell nigerian oba bell shaped outfitvajra-ghanta bell

113 Sannati Kanaganahalli Buddhist Stupa Sculptures
Sannati Kanaganahalli Buddhist Stupa Sculptures of Ghanta Bell/Vajra
Akshobhya Buddha
The Vajra (Thunderbolt/Diamond) is the family symbol of the Buddha

Akshobhya Buddha 2Nigerian Oba shaped like the Ghanta bell conical/bell shaped nigeria helmet and buddhist stupa benin phoenicians Benin bronze figures conical hatsconical hair style axis mundi birkeland currentbuddha top knot bun hairstyle black buddha hairblack buddhists negroes

The learned Maurice says, “Cushites, that is, Celts, built the great temples in India and Britain and excavated the caves of the former.” And the learned mathematician, Ruben Barrow, has no hesitation in pronouncing Stonehenge to be a temple of the black, curly-headed Buddha.” Massey says, as regards this, “It is certain that the Black Buddha of India was imaged in the Negroid type.”” – The Crisis, ‪Feb 1940, PG 40

black buddha south east asia


KING JAMES ENGLAND AND ASIA KNEW BUDDAH WAS BLACKAMORE CALLED SHAKA

“In 1683, an English visitor to Japan, Christopher Fryke, wrote that Japanese aesthetics were ‘directly opposite to ours, taking Black to be the Livery of Mirth and Pleasantness, an White of Grief and Mourning.’ Indeed, some Japanese representations portrayed the Buddha as both black and African. Describing the image of Sakyamuni Buddha in a letter to King James, merchant Richard Cocks wrote in 1616: ‘[I]n a littell Closet or Cubbard, was a negro or a blackamore’s image, wch they tould me was the Idoll of Shacka [Shaka; the Buddha], the Cheefe god the[y] Adore …” (cited in Leupp 1995: 4). This association of black Africans with the Buddha lasted well into the nineteenth century, though by then some Japanese had begun to doubt the wisdom of venerating the representative of an inferior people.” – Japan’s Minorities: The Illusion of Homogeneity, edited by Michael Weine, PG 91-92

Blackamoor Buddha

Another clear indication that the Buddha was Negro, besides these previous quotes, is from the fact that one of Buddhas names was Sambo.

Phnom Penh, Cambodia negro buddha
Phnom Penh, Cambodia depiction of the Negro Buddha/Lord Sambo

“In Nepal, Colonel Kirkpatrick found Maha Muni, Maha Deo, or Buddha, under the name of Sumbo or Sambo Nath; that is, the Lord Sam Bo.” – The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its …, Volume 1, On the religion of Buddha, PG 20

negro sambo

Sambo, the black racist stereotype, is actually the image of the black Buddha and many other eastern black gods. The black face and red lips of Sambo confirm his Negro origin.

little black sambo 1 Little black sambo 2

Little black sambo 3
The Hungry Tigress Mogao Cave painting in Dunhuang, China. Sambo is also often depicted with Tigers

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games-sambo samboboardgame the game of sambo sambo watermelon ThadrakMila

Whether Sambo/Buddha is identified as a Scythian or Dravidian is irrelevant in reference to his bloodline connection to the Israelites. Both Scythians and Dravidians are descendants of the biblical Israelites. They existed as different branches of the same Israelite families, migrating into foreign lands at different times. These separate branches ended up meeting each other again, many generations later, in India. However, the name Shakyamuni, another name for Buddha, points toward a Scythian origin for the Negro Buddha. Shakyamuni is a compound word from shakya, meaning shaka/saka/sacae or Scythian, and muni, meaning Sage/mystic or adept. Thus, Shakyamuni, the Negro Buddha Sambo, was known as the Sage/Mystic of the Scythians/Shakya clan.

“…the historical Buddha, known in Japanese as Shakasama (because he was a member of the Shaka clan) or as Shakyamuni (“sage of the Shaka”).” – Kyoto: A Cultural History, By John Dougill, PG 39

Negro Shakyamuni

Buddha peppercorn nappy wooly hair
The ‘peppercorn’ curled hair of the buddha statue resembles the curls on the ram statue of Meroe, Sudan.

Head of a Buddha, second half of 6th century Angkor Borei, Cambodia

“The culture of the black Dravidians underlies the whole culture of India, whose greatest religious leader is often limned as black and curly-haired. According to Massey: “It is certain that the Black Buddha of India was imaged in the Negroid type. In the black Negro God, whether called Buddha or Sut-Nahsi we have a datum. They carry their color in the proof of their origin. The people who first fashioned and worshipped the divine image in the Negroid mould of humanity must, according to all knowledge of human nature, have been Negroes themselves. For blackness is not merely mystical, the features and hair of Buddha belong to the black race and Nahsi is the Negro name.” – W.E.B. Du Bois on Asia: Crossing the World Color Line, By William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, PG 10

negro buddha

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A Brahmin
W.E.B. Du Bois on Asia: Crossing the World Color Line, By William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, PG 10
W.E.B. Du Bois on Asia: Crossing the World Color Line, By William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, PG 10
A_Brahmin_priest_in_India_in_the_1880s
A Brahmin Priest, 1880s
The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250
The Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler, PG 250

Black Brahmin priest

brahmin priest 1 brahmin priest 2

Handbook of Japanese Mythology By Michael Ashkenazi, PG 316
Handbook of Japanese Mythology By Michael Ashkenazi, PG 316
Utagawa-Kuniyoshi-The-Rakan-Sonja-Seated-on-a-Rock-With-a-Dragon-Emerging-From-a-Bowl-1836
The Rakan Sonja Seated on a Rock With a Dragon Emerging From a Bowl

rakan sonja 1

The Black Hebrews and the Black Christ, Volume 2, By Aylmer von Fleischer, Contents
The Black Hebrews and the Black Christ, Volume 2, By Aylmer von Fleischer, Contents
black uighur chieftain tang dynasty 660 CE
Black Uighur chieftain Tang Dynasty 660 CE

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Universal geography, Volume 6, By Conrad Malte-Brun, PG 696
Universal geography, Volume 6, By Conrad Malte-Brun, PG 696